Katok Monastery

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Katok
Katok Monastery is located in China
Katok Monastery
Katok Monastery
Location within China
Coordinates: 31°17′02″N 98°40′08″E / 31.284°N 98.669°E / 31.284; 98.669
Monastery information
Location Derge, Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan
Founded by Katok Dampa Deshek
Type Tibetan Buddhist
Sect Nyingma
Dedicated to Anuyoga

Katok Monastery (Wylie: kaḥ thog) is one of the six principal Nyingma monasteries, one of the main lineages of Tibetan Buddhism. It is located in Derge, Sichuan.

History[edit]

Katok Monastery was founded in 1159 by a younger brother of Phagmodrupa, Katok Dampa Deshek,[1] at Derge, the historic seat of the Eastern Tibetan Kingdom of Derge.

Katok Monastery's third abbot, Jampa Bum (1179-1252), whose 26-year tenure as abbot ended in 1252, "is said to have ordained thousands of monks from across Tibet, and especially from Kham region of Minyak (mi nyag), Jang ('byang), and Gyarong (rgyal mo rong)."[2]

The original gompa fell into disrepair and was rebuilt on the same site in 1656 through the impetus of Tertön Düddul Dorje (1615–72) and the terton Rigdzin Longsal Nyingpo (1625-1682/92 or 1685–1752).

Katok Monastery held a reputation of fine scholarship. It is held that prior to the annexation of Tibet by the Chinese in 1951, that Katok Monastery housed about 800 monks.

Katok was long renowned as a center specializing in kama (as opposed to terma), and as a center of monasticism, although both of these features were disrupted under Longsel Nyingpo (1625–1692).[3]

According to The Tibetan Buddhist Resource Centre, disciples of Kenpo Munsel [4] and Kenpo Jamyang at Katok Monastery in 1999 compiled a Katok edition of the Kama (Wylie: bka' ma shin tu rgyas pa (kaH thog)) in 120 volumes: "... twice the size of the Dudjom edition, it contains many rare Nyingma treatises on Mahayoga, Anuyoga, and Atiyoga that heretofore had never been seen outside of Tibet."[5]

According to Alexander Berzin,

Katog has 112 branch monasteries, not only in Tibet, but also in Mongolia, Inner China, Yunnan, and Sikkim. For instance, Katog Rigdzin-tsewang-norbu (Ka:-thog Rigs-‘dzin Tshe-dbang nor-bu) (1698-1755) founded a large branch in Sikkim, and when the Eighth Tai Situ Rinpoche, Situ Panchen Chokyi-jungney (Si-tu Pan-chen Chos-kyi ‘byung-gnas) (1700-1744), visited China, he stayed at the Katog branch-monastery at the Five-Peaked Mountain of Manjushri (Ri-bo rtse-lnga, Chin: Wutai Shan), to the southwest of Beijing.[6]

Anuyoga[edit]

Kathog Monastery became a bastion of the Anuyoga tradition when it became neglected by other Nyingmapa institutions.[7] The Compendium of the Intentions Sūtra (Wylie: dgongs pa ’dus pa’i mdo) the root text of the Anuyoga tradition was instrumental in the early Kathog educational system.[7] Nubchen Sangye Yeshe wrote a lengthy commentary on the Compendium of the Intentions Sūtra rendered in English as Armor Against Darkness (Wylie: mun pa’i go cha).[7]

People from Katok Monastery[edit]

  • A minor figure from Katok, the First Chonyi Gyatso, Chopa Lugu (17th century - mid-18th century), is remembered for his "nightly bellowing of bone-trumpet and shouting of phet" on pilgrimage, much to the irritation of the business traveler who accompanied him. Chopa Lugu became renowned as "The Chod Yogi Who Split a Cliff in China (rgya nag brag bcad gcod pa)."[8]
  • Dzongsar Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö (c.1893 – 1959) was educated at Katok.[9]
  • The Fifth Nyingon Choktrul, Gyurme Kelzang Tobgyel Dorje (1937-1979) was a noted teacher in the Katok tradition.[10]
  • Jamyang Gyeltsen (1929-1999) served as a principal abbot, and was involved in rebuilding the monastery in the 1980s. He is known for his teaching, writing, and for compiling a history of the monastery.[11]

Lauded scholars seated at Katok Monastery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chhosphel, Samten (March 2011). "Katokpa Dampa Deshek". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  2. ^ Chhosphel, Samten (March 2011). "Jampa Bum". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  3. ^ "Celibacy, Revelations, and Reincarnated Lamas: Contestation and Synthesis in the Growth of Monasticism at Katok Monastery from the 11th through 19th Centuries" by Jann Michael Ronis. Ph D. dissertation, University of Virginia May, 2009. pg ii
  4. ^ Chhosphel, Samten (March 2013). "Khenpo Munsel". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  5. ^ The Tibetan Buddhist Resource Centre (2006). "bka' ma shin tu rgyas pa (kaH thog)". Source: (accessed: Sunday August 17, 2008)
  6. ^ "A Brief History of Katog Monastery". The Berzin Archives. Original version published in "Nyingma Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). 2003. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  7. ^ a b c Dalton, Jake (2003). 'Anuyoga Literature' in rNying ma rgyud 'bum - Master Doxographical Catalog of the THDL. (accessed: Sunday August 24, 2008)
  8. ^ Chhosphel, Samten (December 2011). "The First Chonyi Gyatso, Chopa Lugu". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  9. ^ Gardner, Alexander (December 2009). "Jamyang Khyentse Chokyi Lodro". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  10. ^ Chhosphel, Samten (December 2011). "The Fifth Nyingon Choktrul, Gyurme Kelzang Tobgyel Dorje". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  11. ^ Chhosphel, Samten (July 2012). "Jamyang Gyeltsen". The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  12. ^ The Voice That Remembers: A Tibetan Woman's Inspiring Story of Survival, Adhe Tapontsang as told by Joy Blakeslee, Wisdom Publications, Boston, MA, 1997, p 133.
  13. ^ Katok Situ Incarnation Line

References[edit]

External links[edit]