Katonga Wildlife Reserve is a wildlife reserve in western Uganda, along the banks of River Katonga. The Reserve was established in 1998. It measures approximately 211 square kilometres (81 sq mi). Many of the species of plants and animals in the reserve are unique to the reserve's wetland environment.
Katonga Wildlife Reserve is located in the districts of Ibanda and Kamwenge in western Uganda, along the banks of the Katonga River. In kamwenge, it borders with Biguli subcounty and part of Mpara subcounty in Kyenjojo district. The location is approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi), by road, west of Kampala, Uganda's capital city. The coordinates of the wildlife reserve are:00 02N, 30 25E.
The vegetation of the Katonga Reserve is mixed Savannah with acacia scrubland or woodlands. A large portion of the reserve is either permanent or seasonal wetlands. There are also pockets of riverine and tropical forest.