Katsina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Nigerian city. For the village in Estonia, see Katsina, Estonia. For the Hopi Spirit, see Kachina.
Katsina
Gobarau Minaret
Gobarau Minaret
Katsina is located in Nigeria
Katsina
Katsina
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°59′N 7°36′E / 12.983°N 7.600°E / 12.983; 7.600Coordinates: 12°59′N 7°36′E / 12.983°N 7.600°E / 12.983; 7.600
Country Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
State Katsina State
established 1967
Government
 • Chairman Hamisu Gambo (Danlawan Katsina) [1]
Area
 • Total 142 km2 (55 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 318,459
3-digit postal code prefix 820
ISO 3166 code NG.KT.KA

Katsina is a city (formerly a city-state), and a Local Government Area in northern Nigeria, and is the capital of Katsina State.[1] Katsina is located some 160 miles east of the city of Sokoto, and 84 miles northwest of Kano, close to the border with Niger. As of 2007, Katsina's estimated population was 459,022.[2] The city is the centre of an agricultural region producing groundnuts, cotton, hides, millet and guinea corn,[1] and also has mills for producing peanut oil and steel. The city is largely Muslim and the population of the city is mainly from the Fulani and Hausa ethnic groups.

Former Nigerian President Umaru Yar'Adua was a nobleman of Katsina.

Local governments[edit]

Katsina State has 34 local governments. The local government area of Katsina is an area of 142 km², with a population of 318,459 at the 2006 census.

The postal code of the area is 820.[3]

History[edit]

The Emir of Katsina, Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado, and other officials, 1911
Livestock market in Katsina, 1911

Surrounded by city walls 13 miles (21 km) in length, Katsina is believed to have been founded circa 1100.[1] In pre-Islamic times, Katsina's semi-divine ruler was known as the Sarki, who faced a summary death-sentence if found to be ruling incompetently. From the 17th to the 18th century, Katsina was the commercial heart of Hausaland and became the largest of the seven Hausa city-states. Katsina was conquered by the Fulani during the Fulani War in 1807. In 1903, the Emir, Abubakar dan Ibrahim, accepted British rule, which continued until Nigerian independence from Britain in 1960.

During sub-Saharan trade, the city of Katsina was known to be one of the most vibrant and strong commercial centres, and was believed to be the strongest with the Hausa kingdoms in terms of commerce, trade and craft.

The city's history of western-style education dates back to the early 1950s, when the first middle school in all of northern Nigeria was established. There are now several institutions of higher learning, including two universities: Umaru Musa Yar'adua University and the private Katsina University. The city of Katsina is also home to a famous 18th-century mosque featuring the Gobarau Minaret, a 50 foot tower made from mud and palm branches.[1]


Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Katsina has a Semi-arid climate, abbreviated "Bsh" on climate maps.[4]

Climate data for Katsina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23
(73)
27
(81)
31
(87)
33
(92)
33
(92)
32
(89)
28
(83)
27
(81)
29
(84)
29
(85)
27
(80)
24
(75)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
22
(72)
27
(80)
30
(86)
29
(85)
29
(85)
26
(79)
24
(76)
26
(78)
26
(79)
23
(73)
19
(67)
25.2
(77.5)
Precipitation cm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(0.2)
4.6
(1.8)
8.1
(3.2)
17.5
(6.9)
25.7
(10.1)
11.7
(4.6)
0.8
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
68.9
(27.1)
Source: Weatherbase [5]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Katsina The Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  2. ^ "The World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on December 10, 2012. . Retrieved February 20, 2007
  3. ^ "Post Offices- with map of LGA". NIPOST. Retrieved 2009-10-20. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Katsina
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Katsina, Nigeria". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.