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Kattumannarkoil is a panchayat town and taluk headquarters in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Kattumannarkoil Town Panchayat constituted in 1892. The town is coming under the administrative territory of Cuddalore District. The town extends over an area of 19.425 km2. The town is situated along 25 KM South West of Chidambaram and lies on the Chidambaram-Trichy Highway Road and 25 KM East of Srimushnam and a similar distance north-east of Gangaikonda Cholapuram. The entire road route from Sethiathoppu to Kattumannarkoil runs alongside the Veeranam Lake. It is Pilgrim Spot in ancient epic and tourist centre. The population of this town is 22426 as per 2001 census. The first Paranthaka Chozha alias Veeranarayanan renewed Sri Mannanarkoil by brick construction. But there is authority to prove that Mannanar Perumal Temple was in existence even before the Chozha king paranthakan (Uthama Chozhan’s 16th year stone inscription). The stone inscriptions of Krishanadevaraya convey that the place of this temple is Veeranarayana Cheri which later turned as Veeranarayanapura Chadurvedhi Mangalam. Sadaya Varman Sundara Pandian installed the present deity Sri Veeranarayana Perumal in the 13th century. He renovated the temple fully.
As of 2001[update] India census, Kattumannarkoil had a population of 22,683. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Kattumannarkoil has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 71%. In Kattumannarkoil, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Kattumannarkoil union has around 55 villages and the town panchayat has 18 wards. The president of the town panchayat is MGR Dasan, and Vice-president of the town panchayat is V.Swaminathan, and the chairman of the panchayat union is S. Jayanderan. The Cuddalore district panchayat union president is S. Silambu Selvi.
Veeranam Lake and water resources
This is a major tank attached to Chidambaram Division of South Arcot. PWD circle and the Lalpet Section of PWD is in charge of the maintenance and operation of irrigation systems of this tank.
The location of this tank is between latitudes 11 15 ‘ E and 11 25’ E and Longitudes 79 30’ N and 79 35’ N
Generally, like Tamil Nadu, this area of Veeranam tank and its watershed is situated in the rain shadow region for south-west monsoon. It has got sub tropical climate. Veeranam Tank is situated nearer to the seashore I,e. about 30 km from Bay of Bengal. Hot weather prevails in the months of March to June, and the maximum tesperature varies from 30–38 °C. This area is mostly served by the north-east monsoon and the south-west monsoon lean not have much effect in this area. Because of its to the sea-shore, cyclones, hit the sea shore during south-east monsoon, resulting in heavy rains. Two rainfall are situated in Veeranam Tank one at its right flank i.e. Kattumannarkoil and another at left flank i.e. Sethiathope. The average rainfall in these stations is more than the state average of 950 mm. During the last 18 years the average annual rainfall in Kattumannarkoil is 1025 mm. In Sethiathope, the average annual rainfall during the last 25 years is 1273 mm. But due to the vagaries of the north-east monsoon, Veeranam tank has to depend on water from Mettur dam often.
History of the tank
Veeranam Tank is one of the biggest tanks in Tamil Nadu and also an age old one. This tank has been referred briefly in the book called “ Ponniyen Selvan” Written by the famous author ‘Kalki’ in the year 1950. This book gives the information on the age of this tank and it has been mentioned that the tank was formed at a period of more than 1000 years by the Prince Rajathithar Son of Parandage Chola. The tank was originally called as Veeranarayanan Tank.
When king Paranthaga Cholan I ruled over Chola Kingdom during the 10th century i.e. 907 to 935 AD he wanted to improve the Irrigation facilities in and around Chidambaram. He formed a village called as ‘Veera Narayana Sathurvethi Mangalam. This Village was gifted to the Scholars who were well versed in the Four Vedhas. This Village is now called as Kattumannarkoil which is situated in the right flank of Veeranam Tank. He then formed the biggest tank and named it as ‘Veera Narayanan Eri’ ‘Veera Narayanan’ is the nickname given to king Paranthaga Cholan I for his Valour. Subsequently this tank is now called Veeranam Tank.
During the later period of Chola Kingdom, King Rajendra Cholan I who ruled during the period 1012 AD to 1044 AD, Spread his kingdom up to Ganges. He conquered the lands up to River Ganges. In Memory of his Victory he formed the Village ‘ Gangai Konda Cholapuram’ during the year 1024 AD. In addition to that in order to improve the Irrigation facilities in and around the new Village, he formed a new tank and called it as ‘Chola ‘ Gangam’. He made a link between ‘Chola gangam’ and Veeranarayanan Eri so that the former surpluses into the later. The tank ‘Chola Gangam’ is now called as ‘ Ponneri Tank’ which is situated at the road connecting Jeyamkondam and Gangaikonda Cholapuram. These details were collected from Saraswathi Mahal Library at Tanjore.
In the olden days this tank has served as a connecting link between the Khan Sahip canal and Vedavar. Havigation was I Vogue from Coimbatore and Trichy to South Arcot Terminating at Portonovo. The South Arcot District Gazettee by Francis Esq. I.C.S. – 1906 records as follows.
How to reach Kattumannarkoil
- Chennai - Vriddachalam by train and Vriddachalam - Srimushnam-Kattumannarkoil/ Vriddachalam - Sethiyathope-Kattumannarkoil by bus
- Chennai - Chidambaram by Train and Chidambaram - Kattumannarkoil by Bus (25Km) Frequent Bus Available at Chidambaram Bus Stand (Every 10 To 20 Mins)
- a. Chennai- Chidambaram and Chidambaram - Kattumannarkoil( 25 km)
- b. Chennai -Sethiya Thope (on Kumbakonam highway) and Sethiya Thope-Kattumannarkoil( 18 km) alongside the Veeranam lake
- c. Chennai - papakudi-Meensuriti (on Kumbakonam highway) and Meensuriti-Kattumannarkoil (8 km)- Jayamkondan/Trichy -Chidambaram buses
- Chennai - Vikravandi- Panruti-Vadalur-Sethiya Thope - Kattumannarkoil - 235 km
- Chennai - Chidambaram - Kattumannarkoil- 260 km
Near by Tourist Places:
- 1. Pichavaram - 40 km North East of Kattumannarkoil-2-3-5 hour boat rides through ManGroves
- 2. GangaiKonda Cholapuram - 20 km South West
- 3. JayamKonda Cholapuram - 30 km South West
- 4. SriMushnam - Artistic Temple - 20 km West of Kattumannarkoil
- 5. Coloroon Bridge at Meensuruti - 10 km South
- Nathamuni (c. 900 – 950 CE) was a Tamil Vaishnava scholar who founded the Sri Vaishnava tradition.He was responsible for bringing back the Naalayira Divya Prabandham that had been lost to the worl
- L Elayaperumal Born as Lakshmanan Elayaperumal in a middle-class family on 26 June 1924 in Kattumannarkoil. He was elected to Parliament thrice and to the Tamil Nadu Assembly once. He became the state Congress president in 1979
- M.R.Krishnamoorthy Born in Muttam Village in Kattumannarkoil. He started his political career as a DMK cadre and then he elected as a Chairman and then MLA to the Tamil Nadu Assembly. His son M. R. K. Panneerselvam is Ex.Minister and DMK Secretary for Cuddalore District
- Directorate of Town Panchayat, TamilNadu Government http://wserver1.tn.nic.in:8080/tpanchayat/
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-09.