Katwijk

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Katwijk
Municipality
View over Katwijk aan Zee
View over Katwijk aan Zee
Flag of Katwijk
Flag
Coat of arms of Katwijk
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Katwijk in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 52°12′N 4°25′E / 52.200°N 4.417°E / 52.200; 4.417Coordinates: 52°12′N 4°25′E / 52.200°N 4.417°E / 52.200; 4.417
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Jos Wienen (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 31.13 km2 (12.02 sq mi)
 • Land 24.54 km2 (9.47 sq mi)
 • Water 6.59 km2 (2.54 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 5 m (16 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 63,007
 • Density 2,568/km2 (6,650/sq mi)
Demonym Katwijker
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 2220–2239
Area code 071
Website www.katwijk.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Katwijk (urban area), March 2014
Coastal boulevard in Katwijk

Katwijk (About this sound pronunciation ) is a coastal municipality and town in the province of South Holland, which is situated in the mid-western part of the European country The Netherlands.

Through this town flows the river Oude Rijn ("Old Rhine"), which merges here into the North Sea.

Katwijk is located on the North Sea, northwest of Leiden and 16 km north of The Hague. It shares its borders with the municipalities of Noordwijk, Teylingen, Oegstgeest, Leiden, and Wassenaar.

The municipality has a population of 63,007 and covers an area of 31.13 km2 (12.02 sq mi), of which 6.59 km2 (2.54 sq mi) is water.

Katwijk is by far the largest town in the so-called Duin- en Bollenstreek ("Dune and Bulb Region").

Districts[edit]

The town consists of a number of districts, including namesakes Katwijk aan den Rijn and Katwijk aan Zee. On 1 January 2005 the various districts had the following populations:

Lying on the coast, Katwijk aan Zee is (and has always been) the larger town. Katwijk aan den Rijn lies just slightly inland. Rijnsburg is situated east of Katwijk aan den Rijn whereas Valkenburg finds itself to the south. Katwijk-Noord is situated north of Katwijk aan Zee.

Although consisting of historically separate towns (except Katwijk-Noord) that still today maintain separate identities, the towns have more or less grown together and merged into a single conurbation. The creation of the municipality of Katwijk is a recognition of that fact. The town hall of the current municipality of Katwijk is located in Katwijk aan den Rijn, near the boundary of Katwijk aan Zee. All these districts lie along the Oude Rijn.

History[edit]

This engraving by William van der Gouwen shows a twenty meter (70 feet) long whale, which on the third of February, 1598 was stranded on the Dutch coast between Scheveningen and Katwijk.
Katwijk in 1865.

The name "Katwijk" probably has its origins in the name of a Germanic tribe called the Chatten (Chatti). The Dutch word "wijk" means "area", so the name probably meant something like "the Chatti area".

In Romans times, Katwijk was a place of strategic importance. It was located at the Roman Empire's northern border, at the mouth of the Rhine river, which in Roman times was larger in this area than it is today. There was a good deal of traffic along the Rhine. Katwijk was also a jumping-off point for the voyage to Britain.

Built during the reign of Emperor Claudius (41-54), the town's name was Lugdunum Batavorum. The town's name was later associated with the name of the city of Leiden, but this is now thought to be incorrect.

In 1231, the first reference to Catwijck appeared in records.

The history of the modern municipality of Katwijk is essentially the history of its constituent parts, which for each village extends back to Roman times. However, Katwijk aan Zee, Katwijk aan den Rijn and Valkenburg were part of the same heerlijkheid called "Beide de Katwijken en 't Zand" (or something similar). They have been administratively joined for centuries despite their differing characters. Katwijk aan Zee was a fishing town and Katwijk aan den Rijn had an agricultural character.

During World War II, Katwijk aan Zee was heavily damaged. On May 1, 1942, beach access was no longer permitted and large scale evacuation took place. From October 1943 houses were demolished in relation to the construction of the Atlantic Wall.[5]

On 1 January 2006, Rijnsburg and Valkenburg were also merged into the municipality, it's called nowadays Katwijk.

Public transportation[edit]

Katwijk is a larger town in the Netherlands without a railway station. The nearest railway stations are Voorhout and Leiden. Katwijk is connected by bus with Noordwijk, Leiden, The Hague and Nieuw-Vennep. The public transport by bus is served by Arriva. As of from 9 December 2012 new buslines came to Katwijk.

Bus transportation[edit]

Bus 30[edit]

Drives from Katwijk Poolster via the Biltlaan and Zeeweg and N206 to Leiden Centraal. During the day this bus departs every 15 minutes in every direction.

Bus 31[edit]

Drives from Katwijk Poolster via the Melkweg and Rijnmond over the Boulevard. Then it continues its way via Tramstraat and Zeeweg to the N206 to Leiden Centraal. During the day, this bus departs every 15 minutes in every direction.

Bus 37[edit]

Drives from Katwijk Vuurbaak over the Boulevard to the Tramstraat, Zeeweg, Rijnstraat via Rijnsburg, Oestgeest to Leiden Centraal, once an hour.

Bus 38[edit]

Drives from Katwijk Vuurbaak via the Parklaan, Boslaan, Zanderij through Valkenburg to Leiden Centraal, once an hour.

Bus 90[edit]

Drives from Nieuw-Vennep, Hillegom, Noordwijkerhout, Noordwijk, Katwijk, Wassenaar to The Hague.

Q-liner 385[edit]

Q-liner 385 drives from Noordwijk, via Katwijk to The Hague.

Additionally, Rijnsburg and the far northeastern part of Katwijk-Noord are served by bus 20 and 21, running between Noordwijk and Leiden.

People born in Katwijk[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Katwijk is a seaside resort with a wide sandy beach. Its attractiveness is mainly due to its laid-back atmosphere. The boulevard along the shore is not spoiled by large hotels or apartment blocks and has not given in to an excessive commercialisation. Although most buildings lining the boulevard are tourist apartments and pensions, most are just three floors high (and none more than 5) and offer a distinctive 'feel' of the 1950s. Besides the beach, there are a few museums in Katwijk, like the old fisherman's museum Katwijks Museum and the Spinoza-museum. A few kilometers inland there is a narrow gauge museum where a museum steam locomotive ride can be taken around Lake Valkenburg. Katwijk has many hotels and three camping places, mostly situated in the dunes.

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • Katwijk is the landing point for the TAT-14 international telecommunications cable.
  • Just north of the Katwijk-Noord district, European space research center ESTEC is located on grounds of the municipality of Noordwijk (although several kilometers off the village of Noordwijk).

Image gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Republic of Macedonia Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia

United Kingdom Lowestoft, UK (until the 1990s)

Germany Siegen, Germany (since merge with Valkenburg and Rijnsburg) [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Samenstelling" [Composition] (in Dutch). Gemeente Katwijk. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2224EW". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Katwijk 1940 – 1945 van dag tot dag
  6. ^ https://www.burgerloket.katwijk.nl/ktw/internet/webgen.nsf/pages/8C867A9DAA8651E9C125719B0052FA58?opendocument

External links[edit]