Kaufman County, Texas

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Kaufman County, Texas
Kaufman county tx courthouse.jpg
The Kaufman County Courthouse in Kaufman
Map of Texas highlighting Kaufman County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 1848
Named for David Spangler Kaufman
Seat Kaufman
Largest city Terrell
Area
 • Total 808 sq mi (2,093 km2)
 • Land 781 sq mi (2,023 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2), 3.3%
Population
 • (2010) 103,350
 • Density 131.4/sq mi (51/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kaufman.tx.us

Kaufman County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 103,350.[1] Its county seat is Kaufman.[2] Both the county, established in 1848, and the city were named for David Spangler Kaufman, a diplomat and U.S. congressman from Texas who was the first Jewish person to serve in Congress from Texas.[3]

Kaufman County is included in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Western artist Frank Reagh moved from Illinois to Kaufman County in 1876 to draw inspiration for his paintings such as The Approaching Herd (1902).[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 808 square miles (2,090 km2), of which 781 square miles (2,020 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (3.3%) is water.[5] Located in the northeast portion of Texas, it is bounded on the southwest by Trinity River, and drained by the east fork of that stream.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,047
1860 3,936 275.9%
1870 6,895 75.2%
1880 15,448 124.0%
1890 21,598 39.8%
1900 33,376 54.5%
1910 35,323 5.8%
1920 41,276 16.9%
1930 40,905 −0.9%
1940 38,308 −6.3%
1950 31,170 −18.6%
1960 29,931 −4.0%
1970 32,392 8.2%
1980 39,015 20.4%
1990 52,220 33.8%
2000 71,313 36.6%
2010 103,350 44.9%
Est. 2012 106,753 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1850-2010[8]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 71,313 people, 24,367 households, and 19,225 families residing in the county. The population density was 91/sq mi (35/km²). There were 26,133 housing units at an average density of 33/sq mi (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.10% White, 10.53% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.66% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. 11.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,367 households out of which 39.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.10% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.10% were non-families. 17.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,783, and the median income for a family was $50,354. Males had a median income of $35,537 versus $26,494 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,827. About 7.80% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

Kaufman County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA. Local media outlets include: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV, and KDTX-TV. Other nearby stations that provide coverage for Kaufman County come from the Tyler/Longview/Jacksonville market and they include: KLTV, KYTX-TV, KFXK-TV, and KETK-TV.

Kaufman County is served by three newspapers: The Terrell Tribune; The Kaufman Herald; and the Forney Messenger. Forney, Texas, is also served by online news media outlet inForney.com who also covers breaking news for the county. A quarterly magazine called Kaufman County Life is produced by The Terrell Tribune. The Kemp and Mabank areas are included in coverage by The Monitor and Athens Review newspapers.

Law enforcement[edit]

The Kaufman County Sheriff's Office is the main police force in Kaufman County. Smaller cities depend on the Sheriff's Office along with the Texas Highway Patrol for law enforcement duties. District Attorney Mike McLelland, along with his wife, were found shot and killed in their home on March 30, 2013. In December 2012, Texas officials issued a statewide bulletin warning that the Aryan Brotherhood was "actively planning retaliation against law enforcement officials" who worked to prosecute the gang’s leadership.[10] Two months earlier, Assistant District Attorney Mark Hasse was shot and killed outside the Kaufman County courthouse.[11] On April 13, 2013, ex-justice of the peace Eric Williams was arrested for making terroristic threats to county officials via email. Hasse and McLelland had aggressively prosecuted Williams in a theft case, which resulted in the loss of Williams' job and law license.[12] On April 17, his wife Kim Williams was arrested on capital murder charges in all three deaths.[13] These arrests were not linked by officials to the Aryan Brotherhood.

Communities[edit]

Map showing cities and towns in Kaufman County

† - a part of Combine extends into Dallas County.

* - only a small portion of Dallas extends into Kaufman County.

** - a portion of Mabank extends into Henderson County.

*** - only a small portion of Mesquite extends into Kaufman County.

**** - only a small portion of Seagoville extends into Kaufman County.

(CDP) - Census-designated place.

(u) - unincorporated.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Kaufman County, Texas Handbook Online, accessed 7 April 2009
  4. ^ Kaufman County Historical Commission, History of Kaufman County (Dallas, Texas: Taylor, 1978)
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Kaufman". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  8. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 18, 2013
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Breaking news: Kaufman County District Attorney Mike McLelland, wife reportedly found dead in home". The Dallas Morning News. 30 March 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Breaking news: Texas County District Attorney and Wife Found Dead". The New York Times. 30 March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Eiserer, Tanya and Jana J. Pruet (April 13, 2013). "Ex-justice of peace is prime suspect in Kaufman DA slayings". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  13. ^ Eiserer, Tanya (April 17, 2013). "Wife of jailed ex-Kaufman County justice of the peace is now behind bars, charged with capital murder". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Butler, Robert Richard History of Kaufman County, Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940)
  • Keller, Mabel Covington History of Kaufman County, Texas (M.A. thesis, North Texas State College, 1950)
  • Clausen, C. A. ed., The Lady with the Pen: Elise Wærenskjold in Texas (Northfield, Minnesota: Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1961)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°36′N 96°17′W / 32.60°N 96.28°W / 32.60; -96.28