Kaunas Cathedral Basilica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kaunas Cathedral)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kaunas Cathedral Basilica of apostles St. Peter and St. Paul
Kauno Šv. apaštalų Petro ir Povilo arkikatedra bazilika
Kaunas-Peter und Paul Kathedrale01.jpg
Kaunas Cathedral Basilica of apostles St Peter and St Paul
Basic information
Location Kaunas, Lithuania
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District Old Town
Year consecrated early 15th century
Architectural description
Architectural type Cathedral
Architectural style Late Gothic and Brick Gothic
Direction of façade West
Completed 1624
Specifications
Materials clay bricks

Kaunas Cathedral Basilica (Lithuanian: Kauno Šv. apaštalų Petro ir Povilo arkikatedra bazilika) is a Roman Catholic cathedral basilica in Kaunas, Lithuania.

The exact date when the first Gothic style church dedicated to apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul, was built is unknown, but it was first mentioned in written sources in 1413. The first parochial school in Kaunas at the St. Peter and St. Paul church was mentioned in 1473.[1] The construction works were concluded only in 1624. The church greatly suffered from wars in 1655 and was rebuilt in 1671, gaining some Renaissance features. Only one of the towers was rebuilt after the fire of the roof in 1732. As a part of renovation, the internal decorations were funded by the King Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1771. The main altar, a lectern and a choir were installed by Tomasz Podhajski in 1775. The present day shape of the building is from a further renovation in 1800. Motiejus Valančius, thе bishop of Samogitia, who was also an historian and one of the best known Lithuanian writers of the 19th century, was interred in a crypt of the church in 1875.

The church was promoted to cathedral status by Pope Leo XIII in 1895. It received the Basilica title in 1926, when the Diocese of Samogitia was reorganized into the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Kaunas by Pope Pius XI. The cathedral, being 84 m long, 28 m height and 34 m wide, is the largest Gothic church in Lithuania. The Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament, built in 1895, is an independent extension of the southern nave with carved wood furnishings in the neo-gothic style.

There is also a Neogothic mausoleum of Maironis, one of the most famous Lithuanian romantic poets, near the wall of the chapel. Kaunas Cathedral Basilica was included on the Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage Sites of the Republic of Lithuania in 1996.[2] Lithuanian Cardinal Vincentas Sladkevičius was also buried in the Kaunas Cathedral Basilica in 2000.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://datos.kvb.lt/en/index.php?option=com_laikotarpiai&task=view&id=18&Itemid=64 Kaunas: Dates and Facts. Kaunas from its Origins to the Fall of Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  2. ^ [1] The Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage Sites: Unique object code: 842. Retrieved on 14 March 2011.

Postage stamps - Lithuanian churches. Post Office of Lithuania.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°53′49″N 23°53′20″E / 54.897°N 23.889°E / 54.897; 23.889