Kaunas University of Technology

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Kaunas University of Technology
Kauno technologijos universitetas
Established 1922
Type public
Rector magnificus Prof. habil. dr. Petras Baršauskas
Admin. staff 3000
Students 16 000
Doctoral students over 400
Location Lithuania Kaunas, Lithuania
Colours      (Pantone 322 C)
Affiliations CESAER
Website ktu.edu
KTU logo EN.jpg

Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) is a public research university located in Kaunas, Lithuania.

Initially established on January 27, 1920, the school was known as "Higher Courses". With an increased rate of staffing and attendance, the school was instituted as the first independent higher education institution within Lithuania by the government on February 16, 1922. Renamed Vytautas Magnus in 1930, the university specialized in four areas: civil engineering, mechanics, electrical engineering, and chemical technology. The turmoil of World War II brought combinations of Soviet, then German, and finally Soviet re-occupation, numerous name changes and an eventual closing of the university in 1943. After re-occupation by the Soviets in 1944, the University reopened and eventually reformed into Kaunas Polytechnic Institute (KPI) and Kaunas Medical Institute in 1946. Under the influence of Perestroika, the Soviet Lithuanian government reinstated the schools university status, and it was renamed the Kaunas University of Technology (KTT). Independence from the Soviet Union brought rapid westernization with a flexible module/credit system and membership to many Western European organizations.

Since the establishment in 1922, the University has produced more than 125 000 graduates. Following Lithuanian independence, KTU has issued over 1000 doctoral, and 62,000 bachelor and masters degrees.

With a current academic staff of almost 3000 employees and nearly 17,000 students, KTU stands as the largest technical university in the Baltic States.

History[edit]

The Higher Courses[edit]

Z. Žemaitis, a mathematician, and J. Vabalas-Gudaitis, a psychologist, with other intellectuals founded the first centre of studies in Kaunas – the Higher Courses. Among other subdivisions, the Courses included a technical section directed by engineer J. Šimoliūnas. The Higher Courses enjoyed successful growth and in two years they already had 480 students and 48 teachers.

On February 16, 1922 the government of Lithuania passed a resolution establishing the school as a university. The president of Lithuania A. Stulginskis appointed Dr. J. Šimkus as the first rector of the university with Monsignor J. Mačiulis-Maironis as the dean of Theology, A. Voldemaras as the dean of Social Sciences, Z. Žemaitis as the dean of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, P. Avižonis as the dean of Medicine, and P. Jodelė as the dean of technology.

Vytautas Magnus University[edit]

On June 7, 1930 the university was named Vytautas Magnus University. The university then consisted of seven faculties consisting of the Faculty of Theology and Philosophy, Faculty of Evangelical Theology, Faculty of Humanities, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Technology.

The beginning of 1940 saw the reorganization of Vytautas Magnus University with The Faculties of Law and Humanities being transferred to the University of Vilnius.

World War II[edit]

On August 21, 1940, with occupation by the Soviet Union, the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic was instructed to rename school the University of Kaunas. In the fall of 1940 the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences was transferred to the University of Vilnius.

With German occupation in 1941,[1] the university was once more renamed Vytautas Magnus University with 5 faculties: Theology, Philosophy, Technology, Civil Engineering and Mathematics. On March 17, 1943 the University was closed, along with other Lithuanian institutions of higher education.

On November 13, 1944 the Lithuanian SSR occupational government reopened the University, and until 1946 it operated under the name of Kaunas National Vytautas Magnus University.

Kaunas Polytechnic Institute and Soviet Occupation[edit]

In June 1949 the Faculty of History and Theology was closed.

In 1950 the University of Kaunas was reorganized into Kaunas Polytechnic Institute (KPI) and Kaunas Medical Institute. Throughout Soviet occupation, the KPI resisted attempts at Russification and internationalization and strove to preserve the old European university spirit, national academic traditions, and teaching in the Lithuanian language.

Kaunas University of Technology[edit]

In 1990 KPI was named Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), regained its university status, and embarked on the road to reforms of studies and science.

In 1992 the university, in accordance with the Law on Science and Education of the Republic of Lithuania, started implementing a two-level degree program of higher education and a new procedure of awarding research degrees and academic titles.

In 1993 a Western flexible module and credit study system was implemented with emphasis on the unity of studies and science, broad fundamental education, liberal study programmes and independent study.

In 1998 the university joined Magna Charta of the European Universities and became a member of the European Universities Association and the International Association of Universities.

Campus[edit]

The university has 13 faculties {two in Panevėžys}, an International Studies Center, 11 institutes, and 6 other educational centers.

The library at KTU has a collection of 1.3m books and periodicals on engineering, technology, and physical sciences both in Lithuanian and foreign languages. The library facilities are made up of 17 locations with 10 reading rooms and over 500 computer access terminals.

University media includes University newspaper “Studijų aidai” (en. Study Echoes), published as of 1960, radio station “Gaudeamus” and TV channel “Kobra TV”.

Curriculum[edit]

KTU offers 17 doctoral, 61 graduate, 48 undergraduate, and 2 special vocational study programs of which 5 undergraduate and 11 graduate study programs are in foreign languages. Main fields vary from humanities and art to physical, bio-medical and social sciences, as well as technology.

There are fourteen different departments within Kaunas University of Technology : Faculty of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Faculty of Design and Technologies, Faculty of Economics and Management, Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering, Faculty of Fundamental Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Faculty of Informatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Telecommunications and Electronics, International Studies Centre, Panevėžys Institute Faculty of Management and Administration, Panevėžys Institute Faculty of Technologies.

In 2009 the Center for Academic Advancement was founded with the aim of enabling students to maximize their intellectual capabilities. KTU Children University enables children of the age of 8 – 12 to engage in science related lectures, meet scientists and visit laboratories.

Events and achievements[edit]

  • KTU scientific achievements are illustrated in many different ways; at least 500 scientific articles published in scientific publications that are included in the list of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), over 10 monographs, and over 700 articles in other reviewed scientific publications.
  • In 1998 the KTU Regional Business Incubator was established. It is the first technological business incubator in Lithuania, providing support to enterprises interested in starting new businesses.[2]
  • In 2007 KTU was granted the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) award for patent and registration of industrial property objects. In 2008 WIPO awarded two scientists of KTU Faculty of Chemical Technology, namely prof. Vytautas Getautis and prof. Juozas Vidas Gražulevičius.
  • In 20 years of independence, 45 University scientists have been awarded the Lithuanian Science Award.
  • In 2008 prof. Rymantas Jonas Kažys[3] was awarded with the National Award for Partnership Advancement for creating technologies of supersonic measurement and diagnostics and for the commencement of European scientific research and practice.
  • In 2008 KTU Institute of Environmental Engineering received the Energy Globe 2008 National Award for its preventive energy saving and waste minimization innovation development and implementation system APINI- SPIN.
  • In 2010 prof. Jurgis Kazimieras Staniškis, head of the Institute of Environmental Engineering, was awarded the Baltic Sea Award 2010.[4] Prof. Staniškis is currently the only Lithuanian scientist to receive this award, which goes annually to an individual or organization for putting research findings into practice, technical decisions or other activities that contribute substantially to the Baltic Sea and the sustainable development of the region.
  • In 2009 European Commission EACEA awarded KTU with the Diploma Supplement label, which is recognized throughout Europe and therefore facilitates employment opportunities in its holder’s country and abroad.
  • In 2009 KTU received the Youth Partner Award in Kaunas Youth Awards, in addition KTU Student Union won the Youth Organization Award.
  • In 1989 Kaunas University of Technology Gymnasium was founded. It was the first university-supported secondary school for gifted children in Lithuania. It is currently ranked 2nd for secondary education in Lithuania in the annual rankings carried out by Lithuanian weekly magazine "Veidas".
  • In 2010 an agreement on the Integrated Science, Studies and Business Center (Valley)[5] of Santaka sponsorship of the first investment project was signed. The implementation of this project will result in the establishment of a world-class National open-access R&D Center within the KTU Student Campus in Kaunas. The Center will primarily focus in such areas as sustainable chemistry, mechatronics, information and communication technology, and sustainable energy resources, which are a substantial part of the Lithuanian economy and comprise a significant part of its export.
  • The Competence Center of Food Science and Technology is another project which will be implemented as part of the program for the development of the Integrated Science, Studies and Business Center (Valley). The project is carried out by KTU together with the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture and Olericulture. The Center is known for having its food engineering, and technology and quality analysis research equipment centred in one place.

International relations[edit]

Kaunas University of Technology is a member of:

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]

  • (English) [1] Official website of Kaunas University of Technology (in English).
  • (English) [2] official website of Kaunas University of Technology.

Coordinates: 54°53′55″N 23°54′44″E / 54.89861°N 23.91222°E / 54.89861; 23.91222