Kautokeino Airport

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Kautokeino Airport
Kautokeino flyplass
IATA: QKXICAO: ENKA
Summary
Airport type Private
Owner Norwegian Directorate of Public Construction and Property
Location Kautokeino, Finnmark, Norway
Elevation AMSL 355 m / 1,165 ft
Coordinates 69°02′25″N 023°02′03″E / 69.04028°N 23.03417°E / 69.04028; 23.03417Coordinates: 69°02′25″N 023°02′03″E / 69.04028°N 23.03417°E / 69.04028; 23.03417
Map
QKX is located in Norway
QKX
QKX
Location in Norway
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01–19 1,200 3,739 Gravel

Kautokeino Airport (Norwegian: Kautokeino flyplass; IATA: QKXICAO: ENKA) is a general aviation airport located in Kautokeino, Norway. It consists of a 1,200-meter (3,900 ft) gravel runway. The airport was built by the Luftwaffe during World War II. It was rebuilt in 1958 by the Royal Norwegian Air Force to supply its radar station at Kautokeino. It is largely unused and is now owned by the Norwegian Directorate of Public Construction and Property and the Finnmark Estate. Local politicians have called for the airport to be upgraded to a regional airport, but this has been rejected by Avinor.

History[edit]

Junkers Ju 52 at Kautokeino during World War II

The airfield was built by the Luftwaffe as an emergency landing field during the early 1940s.[1] In addition to this, it stationed a detachment of reconnaissance aircraft.[2] The Royal Norwegian Air Force established a radio station at Kautokeino in 1945. Transport to the new airport was among other means carried out using seaplanes which used the Altaelva river to land. The station was upgraded in 1955 and received a radar and was designated as a reporting post. Its first upgrade took place in 1958, the same year as renovations of the airfield were carried out. The main users of the airfield were Twin Otters from Bodø Main Air Station. On occasion supplies would be dropped by parachute.[1] Enontekiö Airport in Finland started marketing itself as Enontekiö–Kautokeino Saami Airport from 2008,[3] although Finavia does not use the term any more.[4] Enontekiö is located 90 kilometers (56 mi) from Kautokeino.[3]

Local politicians have proposed that Kautokeino Airport be rebuilt as a regional airport. In 2007 a unison municipal council supported an upgrade to the airport. They cited that Kautokeino would receive a hotel from 2008 and that it would be necessary to have an airport to support the village's tourism industry.[5] A secondary argument is that an upgraded airport could be used for an air ambulance service.[6] Finnmark County Council voted with a single decisive vote in 2010 to work towards making Kautokeino Finnmark's twelfth regional airport.[7]

Facility[edit]

The airport is located 3 kilometers (2 mi) north of the village center. It consists of a 1,200-by-40-meter (3,940 by 130 ft) gravel runway aligned 01–19 (roughly north–south). There is no regular traffic on the airfield. The airport is located at an elevation of 355 meters (1,165 ft) above mean sea level in a flat area.[8] The airport is owned by the Norwegian Directorate of Public Construction and Property, which leases the land from the Finnmark Estate.[9]

Future[edit]

Avinor, the agency responsible for running state-owned airports, conducted an analysis in 2012 of upgrading Kautokeino to a regional airport with a 1,199-meter (3,934 ft) runway. Kautokeino's population of 2,935 make an estimated 10,000 annual flights from Alta Airport, located 135 kilometers (84 mi) by road and 1 hour and 50 minutes from the village. Avinor studied two alternative services, one with three daily flights directly to Tromsø and one using the existing Dash 8 aircraft network. The latter would require a stop-over at Sørkjosen Airport before Tromsø, allowing for two daily services, or directly with only one. Either way this gives an average 20 daily passengers per direction. Such a route would need subsidies of about 10 million Norwegian krone per year (NOK).[9]

Construction of an airport is estimated to cost NOK 530 million and have an annual operating cost of NOK 28 million. An economic analysis showed that the airport would have a negative net present value for society of NOK 1014 million, excluding operating subsidies for the airline. There is little time gain from the project as travelers to Oslo would have to fly via Sørkjosen to Tromsø and there change aircraft, instead of taking direct flights from Alta. Only passengers having Tromsø as travel target would have a gain from an airport. Avinor has recommended not upgrading the Kautokeino Airport.[9]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

A Junkers Ju 52/3m transport aircraft of the Luftwaffe crashed at the airport in 1944, resulting in a write-off.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arheim, Tom; Hafsten, Bjørn; Olsen, Bjørn; Thuve, Sverre (1994). Fra Spitfire til F-16: Luftforsvaret 50 år 1944–1994 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Sem & Stenersen. p. 214. ISBN 82-7046-068-0. 
  2. ^ Hafsten, Bjørn; Larsstuvold, Ulf; Olsen, Bjørn; Stenersen, Sten (1991). Flyalarm: Luftkrigen over Norge 1939–1945 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Sem & Stenersen. p. 225. ISBN 82-7046-058-3. 
  3. ^ a b Pulk, Åse (15 August 2008). "Tomlene opp for Saami airport" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Enontekiö Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Kveseth, Magne (19 September 2007). "Vil bygge flyplass på gammelstripa". Altaposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  6. ^ Kveseth, Magne (12 January 2011). "Krever ambulanse-flyplass". Altaposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Karstensen, Kari (8 December 2010). "Vil ha flyplass i Kautokeino". Finnmarken (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Reitås, Hans Olav. "Kautokeino" (in Norwegian). Norske Flyplasser. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "Nasjonal transportplan 2014–2023: Framtidsrettet utvikling av lufthavnstrukturen" (in Norwegian). Avinor. 15 February 2012. Archived from the original on 28 February 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  10. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 February 2013.