|Kavali, Andhra Pradesh
|• Body||Kavali Municipality|
|• Total||22.95 km2 (8.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
|• Density||3,600/km2 (9,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Kavali is a city in Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh of India. It is one of the municipalities, and the second largest town in the district. Being located between Nellore and Ongole, it showcases local cultures and accents from both districts. It is also well known for the wholesale cloth business in the Coastal Andhra.
Kavali is also known as Kanakapatnam meaning 'wealth will flow into this place' coined by Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami and in the local language it means patrol. This name arises from the fact that in 1515, the Udayagiri king Harihara Rayulu stationed his army at this town.
As of 2011[update] Census of India, the town had a population of 82,336. The total population constitute, 41,018 males, 41,318 females and 7,735 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.09% with 60,497 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
Kavali is a main trading centre for clothes like hosiery and wholesale ready made garments. A large number of cloth markets contribute to the local economy. Many ready made garments factories operate in this town. Kavali is mainly developed for exporting Hens to other places like Hyderabad, Chennai, Nagpur etc.
People mainly depend on agriculture for income, paddy being the chief crop. There are many rice mills around the town. Farmers from kavali grow one of the finest rice varieties, "Molakolukulu", which forms a sizable share of business. The town is a local hub for farm inputs, and is the main market for agricultural produce around the area. Kavali Diary (APDDC) is one of the famous ones here, supporting dairy industry. Brick industries in Siripuram, 7 km west of Kavali.
Assembly and parliament constituency
Kavali is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Kavali parliamentary constituency came into being in 1962 and was lost in 1977. This was due to the delimitation based on the population. Now it is a part of the Nellore parliament constituency.
Telugu is the language of the natives. The town is located between the two district headquarters, Nellore and Ongole, so the town's culture is a mix of both the Nellore and Ongole cultures. Rice and seafood are the most consumed foods in Kavali due to its coastal border. People in this town will prefer to have Dosa, Idli, Pongal, Upma and Puri for morning break fast & Bonda, Bajji, Masala Vada and chicken pakodi as evening snacks. Venkareddy palav is the most preferable food item for parties. Many Muslims and Christians also live in the town. Masjids and Churches are plenty in the town. "Urusu" is worth watching for its diversified culture. The significant Vysya (business) community is famous for their clothes business.
The Chennai-Vijayawada railway line and NH 5 that connects Chennai and Kolkata both pass through Kavali, as a result of which Kavali is easily accessible by road and rail from most parts of India. It is well connected by APSRTC buses from all parts of Nellore District, Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore, Ongole, Guntur, Vijayawada and Tirupati. The nearest international airport is at Chennai (215 km south), with a smaller one at Tirupati (176 km south-west). The proposed Nellore domestic airport is 40 km from Kavali.
During the 1980s Vivekananda park in the old town was the best place for recreation. Kavali is very close to the sea shore. Ramayapatnam, which is 14 km (8.7 mi) from Kavali has a scenic lighthouse and is a nice place to visit. However, of late, visitors are not allowed to climb the light house. Kotha satram and Tummalapenta are two beaches people visit often.
- Kavali produced Shesha pavan, an All India 5th ranker in IIT 2005, All India 3rd rank in AIEEE, and State 2nd Ranker in EAMCET.
- Every year many Kavali students make it to IITs, ISM, NITs, and other Elite Engineering colleges.
- Panabaka Lakshmi of Kavali represented Nellore in 14th Lok Sabha. She was the Minister of State in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas,and Ministry of Textiles Government of India.
Some of the notable institutions are Ramireddy Subbarami Reddy Engineering College, PBR Visvodaya Institute Of Technology And Sciencs, Jawahar Bharathi Junior and Degree college, RSR International School At Gowravaram, Municipal High School. JB College, founded in 1951 by Late Sri. D. Ramachandra Reddy (DR). Many notable literary and political personalities in AP like Sri. Adala Prabhakar Reddy, Sri K.V. Ramana Reddy, B.V.Raghavulu, lATE Sri.Subrahmanyam-Principal secretary to CM[YSR regime], Sri.Vanteru Venugopal Reddy etc. studied in this college.
- SVU Post-Graduate Center
- Noble College of Computer Sciences-MBA
- Master Institute of Management Sciences & Technology
- DBS Institute of Technology
- Pamidi Institute of Science and technologies
Kavali also has many schools, Junior And Degree colleges.
- "KAVALI MUNICIPALITY" (PDF). Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore District. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- "Elevation for Rajam". Veloroutes. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kavali
- "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 20 August 2014.