Kavli Prize

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The Kavli Prize
Awarded for Awarded for outstanding contributions in Astrophysics, Nanoscience and Neuroscience.
Country Norway
Presented by Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
The Kavli Foundation
Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
First awarded 2008
Official website http://www.kavliprize.no

The Kavli Prize was established in 2005 through a joint venture between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, and The Kavli Foundation. The main objective for the Prize is to honor, support and recognize scientists for outstanding scientific work in the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience and award three international prizes every second year. The Kavli Prize was awarded the first time in Oslo, 9 September 2008. The Prizes were presented by His Royal Highness Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway. Each of the three Kavli Prizes consists of a gold medal, a scroll, and a cash award of US $1,000,000.

The Scientific Fields[edit]

The Kavli Prize in Astrophysics is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the origin, evolution, and properties of the universe, including the fields of cosmology, astrophysics, astronomy, planetary science, solar physics, space science, astrobiology, astronomical and astrophysical instrumentation, and particle astrophysics.

The Kavli Prize in Nanoscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in the science and application of the unique physical, chemical, and biological properties of atomic, molecular, macromolecular, and cellular structures and systems that are manifest in the nanometre scale, including molecular self-assembly, nanomaterials, nanoscale instrumentation, nanobiotechnology, macromolecular synthesis, molecular mechanics, and related topics.

The Kavli Prize in Neuroscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the brain and nervous system, including molecular neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neurogenetics, developmental neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychology, computational neuroscience, and related facets of the brain and nervous system.

Selection of the Kavli Laureates[edit]

The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters appoints the three Prize Committees consisting of leading international scientists after receiving recommendations made by the following international academies and equivalent scientific organisations:

These distinguished panels of international scientist’s reviews and recommend the prize winners on basis of a nomination process. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters administer the selection process and announce the prize winners.

The Kavli Prize Laureates[edit]

Astrophysics[edit]

Year Laureate Institution Country Citation
2008 Maarten Schmidt California Institute of Technology Netherlands “for their seminal contributions to understanding the nature of quasars
Donald Lynden-Bell Cambridge University United Kingdom
2010 Jerry E. Nelson Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz United States “for their contributions to the development of giant telescopes
Raymond N. Wilson European Southern Observatory, Garching United Kingdom
James Roger Angel Steward Observatory, University of Arizona United States
2012 David Jewitt.jpg David C. Jewitt University of California Los Angeles United Kingdom United States “for discovering and characterizing the Kuiper Belt and its largest members, work that led to a major advance in the understanding of the history of our planetary system.”
JaneLuu.png Jane X. Luu Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Vietnam United States
Michael E Brown 1.jpg Michael E. Brown California Institute of Technology United States
2014 AlanGuthCambridge.jpg Alan H. Guth Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States “for pioneering the theory of cosmic inflation”
Andrei Linde.jpg Andrei D. Linde Stanford University Russia United States
Alexei A. Starobinsky Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics Russia

Nanoscience[edit]

Year Laureate Institution Country Citation
2008 Louis Brus Columbia University United States “for their large impact in the development of the nanoscience field of the zero and one dimensional nanostructures in physics, chemistry and biology”
Iijima.jpg Sumio Iijima Meijo University Japan
2010 Don Eigler Neon Argon.jpg Donald Eigler IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose United States “for their development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale
Nadrian Seeman.jpg Nadrian C. Seeman New York University United States
2012 Mildred S. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States “for her pioneering contributions to the study of phonons, electron-phonon interactions, and thermal transport in nanostructures.”
2014 Thomas W. Ebbesen Louis Pasteur University, University of Strasbourg Norway France “for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging”
Stefan W Hell.jpg Stefan W. Hell Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry Germany
John B. Pendry Imperial College London United Kingdom

Neuroscience[edit]

Year Laureate Institution Country Citation
2008 Sten Grillner Karolinska Institute Sweden “for discoveries on the developmental and functional logic of neuronal circuits
Thomas Jessell Columbia University United Kingdom United States
Pasko Rakic Yale University School of Medicine Serbia United States
2010 Richard H. Scheller Genentech, South San Francisco, California United States “for discovering the molecular basis of neurotransmitter release
Thomas C. Südhof Stanford University School of Medicine Germany
James E. Rothman Yale University United States
2012 Cornelia Isabella Bargmann Rockefeller University United States “for elucidating basic neuronal mechanisms underlying perception and decision.”
Winfried Denk Max Planck Institute for Medical Research Germany
Ann Graybiel 2001.jpg Ann M. Graybiel Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
2014 Brenda Milner.jpg Brenda Milner Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University Canada “for the discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition”
John O’Keefe University College London United Kingdom
M.Raichle w PET3.jpg Marcus E. Raichle Washington University, St.Louis United States

External links[edit]