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|The Kavli Prize|
|Awarded for||Awarded for outstanding contributions in Astrophysics, Nanoscience and Neuroscience.|
|Presented by||Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
The Kavli Foundation
Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
The Kavli Prize was established in 2005 through a joint venture between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, and The Kavli Foundation. The main objective for the Prize is to honor, support and recognize scientists for outstanding scientific work in the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience and award three international prizes every second year. The Kavli Prize was awarded the first time in Oslo, 9 September 2008. The Prizes were presented by His Royal Highness Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway. Each of the three Kavli Prizes consists of a gold medal, a scroll, and a cash award of US $1,000,000.
The Scientific Fields
The Kavli Prize in Astrophysics is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the origin, evolution, and properties of the universe, including the fields of cosmology, astrophysics, astronomy, planetary science, solar physics, space science, astrobiology, astronomical and astrophysical instrumentation, and particle astrophysics.
The Kavli Prize in Nanoscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in the science and application of the unique physical, chemical, and biological properties of atomic, molecular, macromolecular, and cellular structures and systems that are manifest in the nanometre scale, including molecular self-assembly, nanomaterials, nanoscale instrumentation, nanobiotechnology, macromolecular synthesis, molecular mechanics, and related topics.
The Kavli Prize in Neuroscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the brain and nervous system, including molecular neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neurogenetics, developmental neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychology, computational neuroscience, and related facets of the brain and nervous system.
Selection of the Kavli Laureates
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters appoints the three Prize Committees consisting of leading international scientists after receiving recommendations made by the following international academies and equivalent scientific organisations:
- The Chinese Academy of Sciences
- The French Academy of Sciences
- The Max Planck Society (Germany)
- The National Academy of Sciences (US)
- The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
- The Royal Society (UK)
These distinguished panels of international scientist’s reviews and recommend the prize winners on basis of a nomination process. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters administer the selection process and announce the prize winners.
The Kavli Prize Laureates
|2008||Louis Brus||Columbia University||“for their large impact in the development of the nanoscience field of the zero and one dimensional nanostructures in physics, chemistry and biology”|
|Sumio Iijima||Meijo University|
|2010||Donald Eigler||IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose||“for their development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale”|
|Nadrian C. Seeman||New York University|
|2012||Mildred S. Dresselhaus||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||“for her pioneering contributions to the study of phonons, electron-phonon interactions, and thermal transport in nanostructures.”|
|2014||Thomas W. Ebbesen||Louis Pasteur University, University of Strasbourg||“for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging”|
|Stefan W. Hell||Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry|
|John B. Pendry||Imperial College London|
|2008||Sten Grillner||Karolinska Institute||“for discoveries on the developmental and functional logic of neuronal circuits”|
|Thomas Jessell||Columbia University|
|Pasko Rakic||Yale University School of Medicine|
|2010||Richard H. Scheller||Genentech, South San Francisco, California||“for discovering the molecular basis of neurotransmitter release”|
|Thomas C. Südhof||Stanford University School of Medicine|
|James E. Rothman||Yale University|
|2012||Cornelia Isabella Bargmann||Rockefeller University||“for elucidating basic neuronal mechanisms underlying perception and decision.”|
|Winfried Denk||Max Planck Institute for Medical Research|
|Ann M. Graybiel||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|2014||Brenda Milner||Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University||“for the discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition”|
|John O’Keefe||University College London|
|Marcus E. Raichle||Washington University, St.Louis|