Kawakaze-class destroyer

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TANIKAZE.jpg
Japanese destroyer Tanikaze
Class overview
Builders: Maizuru Naval Arsenal
Yokosuka Naval Arsenal
Operators: Empire of Japan Imperial Japanese Navy
Preceded by: Enoki class
Succeeded by: Momi class
In commission: 11 November 1918 – 1 April 1935
Completed: 2
Active: 0
Lost: 0
Retired: 2
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,300 long tons (1,300 t) normal,
1,580 long tons (1,610 t) full load
Length: 97.3 m (319 ft) pp,
103.6 m (340 ft) overall
Beam: 8.8 m (29 ft)
Draught: 2.8 m (9.2 ft)
Propulsion: 2-shaft steam turbine, 4 boilers 34,000 ihp (25,000 kW)
Speed: 37.5 knots (69.5 km/h)
Range: 4400 nm @ 14 knots
Complement: 128
Armament: 3 × Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval gun
2 ×6.5mm machine guns
6× 53cm torpedoes (2x3)

The Kawakaze-class destroyers (江風型駆逐艦 Kawakazegata kuchikukan?) were a class of two destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy.[1] The class is sometimes referred to as the Tanikaze class in some sources; however, Tanikaze was launched and commissioned later than Kawakaze.

Background[edit]

Construction of the new Kawakaze-class destroyers was authorized as part of the Imperial Japanese Navy's 8-4 Fleet Program in fiscal 1915. A large destroyer with long range, capable of providing escort to the new battleship Nagato and the two Tenryū-class cruisers were considered a part of this reduced spending naval program from the previous Eight-eight fleet project..

Although funding was authorized for only one destroyer, Tanikaze, the Italian government unexpectedly refunded Japan for its down payment of 870,000 Yen on the Urakaze-class destroyer Kawakaze, which had been transferred to the Royal Italian Navy before completion in England during World War I. These funds were used to complete a second vessel, which was also named Kawakaze.[2]

Design[edit]

Initially conceived of as a follow-on version of the earlier Isokaze-class destroyers, however, it was the first to use the new Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval guns that were to be used many subsequent classes of Japanese destroyers. In addition, given the experience with deployment of Japanese destroyers for extended periods overseas in World War I, the hull and bow needed to be reinforced to handle heavy seas. Furthermore, the navy wanted to add the latest technologies in terms of the new 533 mm torpedoes in three double launchers.

It was furthermore decided to use the same Brown-Curtis heavy fuel oil fired geared steam turbine engines as on the Tenryū-class cruisers. The result was a ship was much more powerful that the earlier Isokaze class, and capable of high speed operation.

Operational history[edit]

The Kawakaze-class destroyers served during the interwar period. Kawakaze was retired on April 1, 1934 and Tanikaze a year later.[3]

List of Ships[edit]

Kanji Name Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
江風 Kawakaze Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Japan 1917-02-15 1917-10-10 1918-11-11 Retired 1934-04-01
谷風 Tanikaze Maizuru Naval Arsenal, Japan 1916-09-20 1918-07-20 1919-01-30 retired 1935-04-01

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Evans, David (1979). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945
  2. ^ Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
  3. ^ Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy