Location of Kawamata in Fukushima Prefecture
|• Mayor||Michio Furukawa|
|• Total||127.66 km2 (49.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Mountain Azalea|
|Address||3-0 Gohyakuda, Kawamata-machi, Date-gun, Fukushima-ken
The town is known for its production of silk and silk products. In the late 6th century, Ōtomo no Koteko, also known as Otehime, came to this area. According to tradition, she is honored for having encouraged silk farming in the area.
The geographic area of Kawamata is approximately 10 km east-to-west and 20 km north-to-south; the total land area is 127.66 km². It has an altitude of 201.2 m as measured at the site of the municipal office.
Kawamata is located at the confluence of two local rivers, the Hirose and the Isazawa, from which the town's name (meaning "river-fork") is derived. Several other small rivers and streams run through the town.
Kawamata is divided into several districts, including:
- (Central) Kawamata
- Akiyama (also called Fukuda)
The central town consists of the Kawamata district and parts of Tsuruzawa, Kogami, and Iizaka. The remaining areas are outlying communities.
Yamakiya (山木屋?) is the largest and most sparsely populated region of Kawamata, as well as the most physically isolated. It is located in the mountains to the south-east of the central town; at 37.40 km², it occupies almost one third of Kawamata's geographic area. Within Kawamata, Yamakiya retains some of its own distinct cultural characteristics.[clarification needed]
Yamakiya is home to the Yamakiya Taiko Club, an amateur taiko drum performance group made up of young people from the community. In April 2012, several members of the club travelled to Washington, DC in the USA for the 100th anniversary of the National Cherry Blossom Festival as part of a cultural exchange initiative.
One of Yamakiya's prominent facilities is the Yamakiya Skating Rink, an outdoor ice rink which is normally open during January and early February. Speed skating competitions are held for local school children every year.
The Yamakiya district was placed under mandatory evacuation (classified as a "planned evacuation zone") due to elevated levels of radiation following the 2011 earthquake and nuclear crisis. As of August 10, 2013, the evacuation status of Yamakiya was reorganized, with the majority of the area being redesignated as "an area readying for the lifting of evacuation orders", and a small area by the Namie border to remain restricted; the actual evacuation status was planned to be lifted in the former areas on 1 April 2015.
The origin of modern Kawamata goes back to 1876, when Kawamata Village was established; the community was subsequently redesignated as Kawamata Town in 1889. In 1955, seven other local villages – Fukuda, Iizaka, Kotsunagi, Ōtsunagi, Ojima, Tomita, and Yamakiya – were merged into Kawamata Town, leading to the current municipal boundaries.
2011 earthquake and tsunami
Kawamata was impacted in a number of ways by the March 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. As an inland community, the town was not directly affected by the tsunami. However, power outages lasting up to several days (depending on area) occurred. Several buildings, including the municipal office building, suffered significant structural damage and were subsequently evacuated.
The nuclear accident at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant initially led to the establishment of a 30 km exclusion zone around the power station. Although Kawamata was located outside this region, in April 2011, the Japanese government established additional evacuation areas which included the Yamakiya district of Kawamata.
Bus access is available to and from various surrounding municipalities. In particular, the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) operates buses between Kawamata and Fukushima City. Buses run daily, at approximately 1-3 hour intervals in either direction, between Fukushima Station and Kawamata Senior High School.
The nearest railway station to Kawamata is Matsukawa Station on the Tohoku Main Line. Kawamata itself has had no railway service since 1972, when the former Kawamata Line from Matsukawa, operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR), was abolished.
Economy and demographics
The traditional industries of Kawamata were historically agriculture and textiles. Rice farming, shamo, and silk goods all remain culturally important. In recent years, the manufacturing of products such as automobile parts has also become prominent.
Like many rural Japanese communities, Kawamata has suffered from a shrinking population over the past few decades. From a high of more than 27,000 in 1950, the population has decreased to only 15,010 in 2012. This has been correlated with a reduction in available services, including the shutting down of the Kawamata Line railway in 1972, and the closing or merging of several schools.
Kawamata Senior High School (川俣高等学校 Kawamata Kōtōgakkō?) is located in the Iizaka district of Kawamata; like all public senior high schools in Japan, it is operated by the prefectural government rather than by the municipality.
In addition, since 2011 a number of schools (kindergarten through junior high school) from neighbouring Iitate village have been housed inside temporary facilities in Kawamata.
Kindergartens and nursery schools
- Kawamata Kindergarten (川俣幼稚園 Kawamata yōchien?)
- Kawamata-Minami Kindergarten (川俣南幼稚園 Kawamata minami yōchien?)
- Tomita Kindergarten (富田幼稚園 Tomita yōchien?)
- Fukuda Kindergarten (福田幼稚園 Fukuda yōchien?)
- Yamakiya Kindergarten (山木屋幼稚園 Yamakiya yōchien?) (currently sharing facilities with Kawamata-Minami Kindergarten)
- Sumiyoshi Nursery School (すみよし保育園 Sumiyoshi hoikuen?)
- Kawamata Elementary School (川俣小学校 Kawamata shōgakkō?)
- Kawamata-Minami Elementary School (川俣南小学校 Kawamata minami shōgakkō?)
- Tomita Elementary School (富田小学校 Tomita shōgakkō?)
- Iizaka Elementary School (飯坂小学校 Iizaka shōgakkō?)
- Fukuda Elementary School (福田小学校 Fukuda shōgakkō?)
- Yamakiya Elementary School (山木屋小学校 Yamakiya shōgakkō?) (currently housed inside Kawamata-Minami Elementary School)
Kawamata-Minami Elementary School was founded in 1985 from the merger of two former schools: Ōtsunagi Elementary School and Kotsunagi Elementary School. Similarly, Tomita Elementary School was founded in 1989 from the merger of Tsuruzawa and Kogami Elementary Schools.
Two other schools, Ojima Elementary School (小島小学校 Ojima shōgakkō?) and Fukuzawa Elementary School (福沢小学校 Fukuzawa shōgakkō?), were closed down in March 2008 due to declining enrollment. Students from these two schools were moved into Kawamata Elementary School.
Following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami, the former Ojima Elementary School building, now a community centre, was temporarily used to house evacuees from several other municipalities close to the damaged Fukushima I nuclear power station.
Junior high schools
- Kawamata Junior High School (川俣中学校 Kawamata chūgakkō?)
- Yamakiya Junior High School (山木屋中学校 Yamakiya chūgakkō?) (currently housed inside Kawamata Junior High School)
Originally, various districts of Kawamata had their own junior high schools. In 1974, all except Yamakiya Junior High School were merged into Kawamata Junior High School.
School Lunch Programme
The Kawamata School Lunch Center (学校給食センター gakkō kyuushoku sentā?), opened in 2007, provides a daily lunch programme to all elementary and junior high schools in Kawamata, as well as the Iino district (formerly Iino Town) of Fukushima City.
Kawamata holds various annual events throughout the year. These include:
- Kawamata Road Race (June)
- Karariko Festa (August) – a street festival to mark Obon, with dancing, fireworks, and live performances
- Shamo Matsuri (August) – a two-day exhibition celebrating the local shamo industry
- Traffic Safety Marching Band Parade (September)
- Cosquín en Japón (October) – a three-day Andean music festival and concert, featuring performers from around Japan and the world
- Kasuga Shrine Festival (October) – two-day autumn street festival
- Silk Fair (October) – a two-day open market for silk and other local products
- Kawamata municipal website: Silk products Retrieved 25 October 2010. (Japanese)
- Yu-Yu Life Kawamata: Handbook of Population, Social, and Economic Conditions of Kawamata-machi in 2000 (print only)
- Fukushima Taiko Drummers Japan's Newest Stateside Export CNN, 14 March 2012 (retrieved on 20 May 2012)
- IAEA Fukushima Daiichi Status Report: 27 April 2012 (p.8) International Atomic Energy Agency (retrieved 28 May 2012)
- Minpo: 19 November 2014
- Kawamata municipal website: History Retrieved 20 May 2012 (Japanese)
- Alexander Taylor (4 June 2011) The Kingston Whig-Standard: Uncertainty reigns in quake zone(retrieved 20 May 2012)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kawamata, Fukushima.|
- Official website (Japanese)