Kawartha Lakes

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This article is about the city of Kawartha Lakes. For the geographical lakes of the same name, see Kawartha Lakes (Ontario).
Kawartha Lakes
City (single-tier)
City of Kawartha Lakes
Kawartha Lakes city hall in Lindsay
Kawartha Lakes city hall in Lindsay
Flag of Kawartha Lakes
Flag
Official logo of Kawartha Lakes
Logo
Motto: Catch the Kawartha Spirit.
Kawartha Lakes' location within Ontario
Kawartha Lakes' location within Ontario
Coordinates: 44°21′N 78°45′W / 44.350°N 78.750°W / 44.350; -78.750Coordinates: 44°21′N 78°45′W / 44.350°N 78.750°W / 44.350; -78.750
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County (historical) Victoria
Formed by political merger January 1, 2001
Seat Lindsay
Government
 • Mayor Ric McGee
 • Council City of Kawartha Lakes Council
 • MP Barry Devolin (CPC)
 • MPP Laurie Scott (PC)
Area[1]
 • Land 3,083.06 km2 (1,190.38 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 73,214
 • Density 23.7/km2 (61/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code beginning with K and L
Area code(s) 705
Website www.city.kawarthalakes.on.ca

The city of Kawartha Lakes (2011 population 73,214) is a unitary municipality in Central Ontario, Canada. Although called a city, Kawartha Lakes is the size of a typical Ontarian county and is mostly rural.

The main population centres are Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls, Lindsay, Omemee and Woodville.

History[edit]

The city's name comes from the name of the Kawartha lakes. The term Kawartha is an anglicization of the word Ka-wa-tha (from Ka-wa-tae-gum-maug or Gaa-waategamaag, meaning), a word coined in 1895 by aboriginal Martha Whetung of the Curve Lake First Nations. The word meant "land of reflections" in the Anishinaabe language, according to Whetung. The word was subsequently changed by tourism promoters to Kawartha, meaning "bright waters and happy lands."[2]

Prior to its restructuring as a city, the area was known as Victoria County. The city was created in 2001, during the ruling provincial Progressive Conservative party's "Common Sense Revolution". Through provincial legislation, the former Victoria County and its constituent municipalities were amalgamated into one entity named the City of Kawartha Lakes.

This act was implemented by The Victoria County Restructuring Commission, led by commissioner Harry Kitchen. Despite a general opposition from residents of the area, the provincial government pushed forward with the amalgamation,[3][4] which officially came into effect on January 1, 2001.[5]

By a narrow margin (51% for, 49% against), the citizens of Kawartha Lakes voted to de-amalgamate in a November 2003 local plebiscite, but the provincial and municipal governments have not taken any steps since the vote to initiate de-amalgamation.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population trends[edit]

In 2011 census, the population of the Lindsay urban area was 20,354, up from 19,361 in 2006.[8]

Victoria County
Census Population Change (%)
1991 16,696 Increase22.8%
1981 13,596 Increase6.7%
1971 12,746 Increase11.8%
1961 11,399 Increase18.7%
1951 9,603 Increase15.1%
1941 8,345 Increase11.2%
1931 7,505 Decrease1.5%
1921 7,620 Increase9.4%
1911 6,964 Decrease0.6%
1901 7,003 Increase15.2%
1891 6,081 Increase19.7%
1881 5,080 Increase25.5%
1871 4,049 n/a

Census Division rankings[edit]

National rank in terms of population (2011): 74
Provincial rank in terms of population (2011): 34

Ethnocultural and racial statistics[edit]

Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group[9]

  • English: 45.2%
  • Canadian: 35.0%
  • Irish: 27.6%
  • Scottish: 20.3%
  • French: 10.4%
  • German: 9.4%
  • Dutch: 6.3%
  • First Nations: 2.9%
  • Welsh: 2.6%
  • Polish: 2.2%
  • Italian: 2.2%
  • Ukrainian: 2.2%
  • British Isles (other): 2.0%
  • Hungarian: 1.0%
  • White 95.5% [10]
  • Native: 2.9%
  • Visible minority: 1.6%
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[11]
South Asian 365 0.5%
Chinese 95 0.1%
Black 250 0.3%
Filipino 55 0.1%
Latin American 70 0.1%
Arab 45 0.1%
Southeast Asian 20 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 165 0.2%
Japanese 25 0%
Other visible minority 50 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 60 0.1%
Total visible minority population 1,195 1.6%
Aboriginal group
Source:[12]
First Nations 805 1.1%
Métis 420 0.6%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 1,255 1.7%
White 70915 96.7%
Total population 73,365 100%

Communities[edit]

The following is a list of all the former incorporated villages, unincorporated hamlets and communities, and existing or abandoned rural post offices left desolate by the start of rural mail delivery.

  • Ancona Point
  • Argyle
  • Aros
  • Avery Point
  • Baddow
  • Baker Trail
  • Ballyduff
  • Barclay
  • Bellevue
  • Bethany
  • Bethel
  • Birch Point
  • Bobcaygeon
  • Bolsover
  • Brunswick
  • Burnt River
  • Burton
  • Bury's Green
  • Cambray
  • Cameron
  • Camp Kagawong
  • Campbells Beach
  • Coboconk
  • Corson's Siding
  • Cowan's Bay
  • Crawfords Beach
  • Cresswell
  • Crosshill
  • Cunningham's Corners
  • Dalrymple
  • Dartmoor (ghost town)
  • Daytonia Beach
  • Dongola
  • Downeyville
  • Dunsford
  • East Emily
  • Eldon
  • Fairburn Corner
  • Fee's Landing
  • Feir Mill
  • Fell Station
  • Fenelon Falls
  • Fingerboard
  • Fleetwood (ghost town)
  • Fleetwood Station
  • Fowlers Corners
  • Fox's Corners
  • Frank Hill
  • Franklin
  • Gilsons Point
  • Glamorgan
  • Glandine
  • Glenarm
  • Glenway Village
  • Grasshill
  • Greenhurst-Thurstonia
  • Hartley
  • Head Lake
  • Hickory Beach
  • Hillhead Corners
  • Horncastle (ghost town)
  • Isaacs Glen
  • Islay
  • Janetville
  • Joyvista Estates
  • Kenedon Park
  • Kennedy Bay
  • Kenrei Park
  • Kenstone Beach
  • Keystone Beach
  • King's Wharf
  • Kinmount
  • Kirkfield
  • Lake Dalrymple
  • Lancaster Bay
  • Lifford
  • Linden Valley
  • Lindsay
  • Little Britain, Ontario
  • Long Beach
  • Long Point
  • Lorneville
  • Lotus
  • MacKenzie Point
  • Mallards Bay
  • Manilla
  • Manvers
  • Mariposa Station
  • Mariposa
  • McCrackin's Beach
  • McGuire Beach
  • Mount Horeb (ghost town)
  • Newmans Beach
  • Norland
  • Oak Hill
  • Oakdene Point
  • Oakwood
  • O'Donnell Landing
  • Omemee
  • Orange Corners
  • Palestine
  • Pickerel Point
  • Pleasant Point
  • Pontypool
  • Port Hoover
  • Powles Corners
  • Ragged Rapids (ghost town)
  • Reaboro
  • Red Cap Beach
  • Rohallion
  • Rokeby
  • Rosedale
  • Sadowa
  • Sandy Point
  • Sebright
  • Silver Lake
  • Snug Harbour
  • Southview Estates
  • St. Mary's
  • Sturgeon Point
  • Sullivan's Bay
  • Sylvan Glen Beach
  • Taylor's Corners
  • Tracey's Hill
  • Union Creek
  • Uphill
  • Valentia
  • Verulam Park
  • Victoria Place
  • View Lake
  • Washburn Island
  • Watson's Siding
  • Woodville
  • Yelverton
  • Zion

Victoria County[edit]

Prior to 2001, Victoria County consisted of 13 separate townships and 6 incorporated villages with their own local governments:[13]

Townships[edit]

Population centres:

The township of Laxton, Digby and Longford is an amalgamation of the once individual townships of Digby and Laxton, and half of the original Longford Township. The separate township of Longford is uninhabited, though dotted with abandoned logging towns. In 2000, just prior to amalgamation into the city of Kawartha Lakes, the township of Verulam and the village of Bobcaygeon were amalgamated into the Municipality of Bobcaygeon/Verulam.[14]

Incorporated communities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air transportation[edit]

Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport, a Transport Canada certified airport, has 24 hour radio operated lighting and provides access to key points throughout Ontario. Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport is located one nautical mile west north west of Lindsay. It offers a card lock fuel system and can be used by both private and commercial airplanes.

Water transportation[edit]

Towns and villages in City of Kawartha Lakes are interconnected by rivers, lakes and streams that can be best navigated May to October. The Trent-Severn Waterway, which extends from Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario to Georgian Bay in the north, is part of the waterways in City of Kawartha Lakes. Five locks, Bobcaygeon 32, Lindsay 33, Fenelon Falls 34, Rosedale 35, and Kirkfield 36 are part of the Trent-Severn National HistoricSsite and operated by Parks Canada. Coboconk is noted as being Canada's fresh water summit with waters flowing two different directions. It is the highest navigable point in Canada from which it is possible to reach the world. There are no water taxis operating in City of Kawartha Lakes. Boat and houseboat rentals are available.

Land transportation[edit]

The following King's Highways pass through the city:

Public transportation[edit]

Due to the largely rural composition of the City of Kawartha Lakes, there is little public transportation. Most school children are bussed to elementary and high school.

Bus companies[edit]

CanAr Bus Lines offers service between Toronto and Haliburton with nine stops in City of Kawartha Lakes - Yelverton, Highway 7 and 35, Lindsay Inn, William and Kent in Lindsay,Cameron, Rosedale,Fenelon Falls, Coboconk and Norland.[15] City of Kawartha Lakes has public bus transit in the town of Lindsay, and also a rural bus route servicing part of City of Kawartha Lakes.The bus stops in Lindsay, Dunsford, Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls, and Cameron.[16]

Train routes[edit]

The last CN train to run through City of Kawartha Lakes was on the Lindsay - Uxbridge line which ceased operation in 1991.[17]

The last passenger train to run through the City of Kawartha Lakes was No. 189 with Budd Car VIA 6104 from Havelock to Toronto Union Station over CP lines on January 14, 1990.[18]

Canadian Pacific freight trains continue to operate through the City of Kawartha Lakes on the Havelock Subdivision (MP 133.23 - MP 143.22) which passes through Pontypool (MP 139.1)[19]

Taxi services[edit]

There are four taxi services in City of Kawartha Lakes, the largest fleet being Trinity Taxi and Livery Services.

Car/van pools[edit]

Several businesses and organizations offer car and van pooling through Car Pool World including Sir Sandford Fleming College.[20]

Attractions[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Media[edit]

  • The Lindsay Post (established in Beaverton as The Canadian Post in 1857, moved to Lindsay in 1861. Ceased publication in 2013.)
  • Kawartha Lakes This Week (established as Lindsay This Week in 1977)
  • "Omemee Pigeon eFlyer" (established in 2011 to highlight rural news and events in the area between Lindsay and Peterborough) [22]
  • 91.9 BOB FM (CKLY-FM) transmits from Lindsay
  • CKLR - City of Kawartha Lakes Radio Broadcasts from Fenelon[23] Falls[24]
  • CHEX-TV transmits on Channel 12 from Peterborough
  • 100.3 LIFE FM, transmitting at 89.3 from Peterborough

Surrounding counties[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Kawartha Lakes census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  2. ^ Rayburn, Alan. Place Names in Ontario. University of Toronto Press. p. 176. 
  3. ^ a b "Yes Victoria - Citizens for the de-amalgamation of the city of Kawartha Lakes". Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  4. ^ a b c "Voices of Central Ontario - Historical summary". Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  5. ^ a b Municipal Government for Victoria County - A New Beginning (Final Report), 2000-04-19, retrieved 2009-07-22 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  8. ^ "Lindsay, Ontario (Code 0472) census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  9. ^ http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-562/pages/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=CSD&Code=3516010&Table=2&Data=Count&StartRec=1&Sort=3&Display=All&CSDFilter=5000
  10. ^ a b "Kawartha Lakes (city) community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  11. ^ Lakes&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  12. ^ [1], Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
  13. ^ Algonquin Park and Kawarthas map. MapArt Corporation. 1998.
  14. ^ Order of the Commission, (on Victoria County) (PDF), April 19, 2000, retrieved 2009-08-05 
  15. ^ http://www.can-arcoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/HaliburtonLine.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.city.kawarthalakes.on.ca/residents/transportation/lindsay-transit
  17. ^ http://content.sitezoogle.com.s3.amazonaws.com/u/131959/e2896423d7ed78386c5cc36a71c35cdfda4d9fbb/original/1-victoria-county-railway-history.pdf?response-content-type=application/pdf&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJUKM2ICUMTYS6ISA&Signature=VZocpLUNqYsHqUGdmjQmwoDFZO0%3D&Expires=1413111635
  18. ^ http://cnrphotos.com/gallery2/main.php?g2_itemId=14441
  19. ^ http://www.cpr.ca/en/community-site/Documents/spray-schedule-city-list.pdf
  20. ^ http://kawarthalakesmums.blogspot.ca/2014/02/kawarthalakes-car-pooling-need-ride.html
  21. ^ http://www.thestar.com/entertainment/music/2011/03/26/neil_young_take_a_look_at_his_life.html
  22. ^ http://kawarthanow.com/business/businessbeat/archives/07182011.asp
  23. ^ http://www.cklr.ca/thebeav/
  24. ^ http://www.lindsaychamber.com/Entertainment/City-Of-Kawartha-Lakes-Radio-Cklr-2424

External links[edit]