Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R

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Kawasaki ZX-10R
2013 Kawasaki Ninja ZX10R right.jpg
2013 ZX-10R
Manufacturer Kawasaki
Also called ZX 1000 E
Parent company Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Production 2004–
Predecessor ZX-9R
Class Sport bike[1]
Engine 998 cc (60.9 cu in), 4-stroke, inline four, liquid-cooled, DOHC, 16 valves
Transmission 6-speed
Rake, trail 24°, 4.0 in (100 mm)
Wheelbase 54.7 in (1,390 mm)
Seat height 32.5 in (830 mm)
Weight 432 lb (196 kg)[1] (wet)
Fuel capacity 17 L (3.7 imp gal; 4.5 US gal)
Related Kawasaki Ninja ZX-6R

The Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R or ZX 1000 E is a Kawasaki sport bike,[1] the successor to the ZX-9R. It was originally released in 2004 with minor revisions in 2005. It combines an ultra-narrow chassis, low weight, and radial brakes. In 2004 and 2005 the ZX-10R won Best Superbike from Cycle World magazine, and the international Masterbike competition.[citation needed]

According to data published in 2007 by the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety in the USA, the ZX-10R has the country's highest collision damage loss claim rate of any motorcycle registered between 2000 and 2006.[2]

Engine[edit]

Kawasaki engineers used a stacked design for a liquid-cooled, 998 cc (60.9 cu in) inline four-cylinder engine. The crankshaft axis, input shaft and output shaft of the Ninja ZX-10R engine are positioned in a triangular layout to reduce engine length, while the high-speed generator is placed behind the cylinder bank to reduce engine width. With a bore and stroke of 76 mm × 55 mm (3.0 in × 2.2 in), the ZX-10R engine's one-piece cylinder and crankcase assembly reduces weight and increases rigidity. The DOHC are machined from chromoly steel built for strength, four valves per cylinder improve high-rpm breathing, and the forged, lightweight pistons offer high heat resistance to further enhance the bike's power-to-weight ratio.

Cooling system[edit]

In addition to liquid cooling, the ZX-10R engine has an oil cooler adjacent to the oil filter to reduce oil temperatures. Slosh analysis was also used to design the internal structure of the oil pan, thereby reducing windage losses and helping to maintain low oil temperatures.

Clutch[edit]

A multi-plate wet slipper clutch transfers power to a six-speed, close-ratio transmission ideal for closed-course competition. The back-torque limiter automatically disengages the clutch (partially) under hard downshifting at high engine speeds to prevent rear wheel hop during corner entry.

Wheels[edit]

A new six spoke wheel design is claimed to be almost as light as special purpose race wheels. Since the 2006 model the sidewall profile of the rear tire has been increased from 190/50/ZR17 to 190/55/ZR17.

2004–2005[edit]

The 2004 model was the debut of the Ninja ZX-10R. It was compact with a short wheelbase and a high power-to-weight ratio, which helped the handling. The exhaust system was fully titanium with single muffler.

2006–2007[edit]

Among other changes, the 2006 model had twin underseat exhausts which contributed to a 5 kg (11 lb) increase in dry weight. The engine remained largely unchanged.

The 2006 ZX1000D6F model carried over to the 2007 model year, with only color scheme changes. The most noticeable difference between 2006 and 2007 is that the heat-shields on the exhaust pipes are black on the 2007 ZX10R, and 2006 came with silver ones.

2008[edit]

The 2007 ZX-10R

The ZX-10R was all new for its launch for the 2008 model year. There was a dramatic change in appearance with the bike with a much more angular front end. Kawasaki moved away from the twin underseat exhausts of the 2006–2007 model to a more conventional single side exhaust. The compression ratio of the engine was raised.

2009[edit]

Received only slight changes from the 2008 model.

2010[edit]

Received slight changes from the 2009 model, including, upgraded Öhlins steering damper, upgraded transmission, and revised bodywork.[3]

2011–2015[edit]

The 2011 ZX-10R underwent major overhaul both mechanically and visually. Most notably, Kawasaki introduced their Sport Kawasaki Traction Control (S-KTRC) system as standard. It predicts when traction will be lost and adapts accordingly. Also new are an ABS option called Kawasaki Intelligent Braking System (KIBS), a completely new design, adjustable foot-pegs, larger throttle bodies, a horizontal rear suspension, lighter three-spoke wheels, Showa Big Piston Fork (BPF)[4] front suspension, and an LCD panel dashboard.[5] The 2012 model is identical to the 2011 with the only exception being the slightly different paint schemes offered. In 2013 the models went under another small revision where the colors offered changed again and the front dampener was replaced with an Ohlins electronic front steering dampener. In 2014 the only changes different colors. In 2015 the only colored offered was black, alongside a 30th anniversary edition.

Specifications[edit]

2004–2005[6] 2006–2007[7] 2008–2009/2010[8] 2011–2015[9]
Engine 998 cc (60.9 cu in) liquid-cooled inline four-cylinder
Bore × stroke 76.0 mm × 55.0 mm (2.99 in × 2.17 in)
Compression ratio 12.7:1 12.9:1 13.0:1
Valvetrain DOHC; four valves per cylinder
Fuel system Fuel injection
Ignition Computer-controlled digital transistorized TCBI with digital advance and Sport-Kawasaki Traction Control (S-KTRC)
Power 110.5 kW (148.2 hp)[1] 119.3 kW (160.0 hp) @ 11,650 rpm[10]
Torque 103.2 N·m (76.1 lb·ft)[1] 99.5 N·m (73.4 lb·ft) @ 11,030 rpm[10]
Drivetrain Slipper clutch, close-ratio six-speed, sealed chain
Suspension Front: 43 mm inverted fork with top-out springs
Rear: Bottom-Link Uni-Trak with gas-charged shock and top-out spring
Front: 43 mm inverted fork with top-out springs
Rear: Uni-Trak with top-out spring, stepless, dual-range (high/low-speed) compression damping.
Front: 43 mm inverted fork with top-out springs (Big Piston Fork Design)
Horizontal Back-link with gas-charged shock, stepless, dual-range compression damping, stepless rebound damping
Brakes Front: Dual radial-mounted four-piston calipers with semi-floating 300 mm (11.8 in) petal discs
Rear: Single 220 mm (8.7 in) disc with single-piston caliper
Dual radial-mounted four-piston calipers with semi-floating 310 mm (12.2 in) petal discs
Rear: Single 220 mm (8.7 in) disc with single-piston caliper
Tires Front: 120/70ZR-17
Rear: 190/50ZR-17
Front: 120/70ZR-17
Rear: 190/55ZR-17
Rake, trail 24°, 102 mm (4.0 in) 24.5°, 102 mm (4.0 in) 25.5°, 110 mm (4.3 in) 25°, 107 mm (4.2 in)
Wheelbase 1,385 mm (54.5 in) 1,390 mm (55 in) 1,415 mm (55.7 in) 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
Seat height 825 mm (32.5 in) 830 mm (33 in) 813 mm (32.0 in)
Dry weight 170 kg (370 lb) 175 kg (386 lb) 179 kg (395 lb) - 2008 Model
Wet Weight 196 kg (432 lb)[1] 208 kg (459 lb) - 2009–2010 Models 202 kg (445 lb)[10]
Fuel capacity 17 L (3.7 imp gal; 4.5 US gal)
Performance
0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) 3.12 sec.[1] 2.84 sec.[11] 2.9 sec.[10]
0 to 14 mi (0.00 to 0.40 km) 10.02 sec. @ 234.29 km/h (145.58 mph)[1] 10.01 sec. @ 241.48 km/h (150.05 mph)[11] 10.05 sec. @ 234.43 km/h (145.67 mph)[10]
Braking 60 to 0 mph (97 to 0 km/h) 35.2 m (115.5 ft)[1] 37 m (123 ft)[10]
Fuel economy 5.6 litres per 100 kilometres; 50 miles per imperial gallon (42 mpg-US)[1] 7.3 litres per 100 kilometres; 38.9 miles per imperial gallon (32.4 mpg-US)[11] 6.4 litres per 100 kilometres; 44 miles per imperial gallon (37 mpg-US)[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Performance Index Winter '12/'13 Edition", Motorcycle Consumer News (Bowtie Magazines), January 2013 
  2. ^ http://www.iihs.org/news/rss/pr091107.html
  3. ^ Atlas, Steve (October 5, 2009), 2010 Kawasaki ZX-10R First Look, Motorcycle USA, retrieved November 12, 2010 
  4. ^ Ash, Kevin (2010), "Big Piston Forks", Ash on Bikes, retrieved March 11, 2012 Originally published in the Motor Cycle News Tech Watch column 
  5. ^ Kunitsugu, Kent. "2011 Kawasaki ZX-10R – New Generation Ninja". Sport Rider. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2004 PDF
  7. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2006 PDF
  8. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2008 PDF
  9. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2011 PDF
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Hoyer, Mark (August 2012), "Superbikes 2012", Cycle World (Newport Beach, California: Hachette Filipacchi Media U.S.  – via Bondi Digital Publishing (subscription required)): 36–55, ISSN 0011-4286 
  11. ^ a b c "Cycle World Magazine, July 2008"

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Official website