Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R

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Kawasaki ZX-10R / ZX 1000 E
Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R (crop & shrink).png
Manufacturer Kawasaki
Parent company Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Production Since 2004
Predecessor ZX-9R
Class Sport bike[1]
Engine 998 cc (60.9 cu in), 4-stroke, inline four, liquid-cooled, DOHC, 16 valves
Transmission 6-speed
Wheelbase 54.7 in (1,390 mm)
Seat height 32.5 in (830 mm)
Weight 386 lb (175 kg) (dry)
432 lb (196 kg)[1] (wet)
Fuel capacity 17 L (3.7 imp gal; 4.5 US gal)
Related Kawasaki Ninja ZX-6R

The Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R/ ZX 1000 E is a Kawasaki sport bike,[1] and the follow-up to the ZX-9R. It was originally released in 2004 with minor revisions in 2005. It combines an ultra-narrow chassis, low weight, and radial brakes. In 2004 and 2005 the ZX-10R won Best Superbike from Cycle World magazine and the prestigious international Masterbike competition.

According to data published in 2007 by the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety in the USA, the ZX-10R has the country's highest collision damage loss claim rate of any motorcycle registered between 2000 and 2006.[2]

Engine[edit]

Kawasaki engineers utilized a "stack" design for a liquid-cooled, 998 cc inline four-cylinder engine. The crank axis, input shaft and output shaft of the "Ninja" ZX-10R engine are positioned in a triangular layout to reduce engine length, while the high-speed generator is placed behind the cylinder bank to reduce engine width. With a bore and stroke of 76 mm × 55 mm (3.0 in × 2.2 in), the ZX-10R engine's one-piece cylinder and crankcase assembly reduces weight and increases rigidity. The DOHC are machined from chromoly steel built for strength, four valves per cylinder improve high-rpm breathing, and the forged, lightweight pistons offer high heat resistance to further enhance the bike's power-to-weight ratio.

Cooling system[edit]

In addition to liquid cooling, the ZX-10R engine features an oil cooler adjacent to the oil filter to reduce oil temperatures. "Slosh" analysis was also used to design the internal structure of the oil pan, thereby reducing windage losses and helping to maintain low oil temperatures.

Clutch[edit]

A multi-plate wet slipper clutch transfers power to a six-speed, close-ratio transmission ideal for closed-course competition. The back-torque limiter automatically disengages the clutch (partially) under hard downshifting at high engine speeds to prevent rear wheel hop during corner entry.

Wheels[edit]

A new six spoke wheel design is claimed to be almost as light as special purpose race wheels. Since the 2006 model the sidewall profile of the rear tire has been increased from 190/50/ZR17 to 190/55/ZR17.

2004-2005 model[edit]

This was the debut of the Ninja ZX-10R. It was compact with a short wheelbase and a high power-to-weight ratio, which helped the handling. The exhaust system was fully titanium with single muffler.

2006-2007 model[edit]

Among other changes, the 2006 model featured twin underseat exhausts which contributed to a 5 kg (11 lb) increase in dry weight. The engine remained largely unchanged.

The 2006 ZX1000D6F model carried over to the 2007 model year, with only color scheme changes. The most noticeable difference between 2006 and 2007, is that the heat-shields on the exhaust pipes are black on the 2007 ZX10R, and 2006 came with silver ones.

2008 model[edit]

The 2007 ZX-10R

The ZX-10R was all new for its launch for the 2008 model year. There was a dramatic change in appearance with the bike featuring a much more angular front end. Kawasaki moved away from the twin-underseat exhausts of the 2006–2007 model to a more conventional single side exhaust. The compression ratio of the engine was raised.

2009 model[edit]

Received only slight changes from the 2008 model.

2010 model[edit]

Received slight changes from the 2009 model, including, upgraded Öhlins steering damper, upgraded transmission, and revised bodywork.[3]

2011-2015 model[edit]

The 2011 ZX-10R underwent major overhaul both mechanically and visually. Most notably, Kawasaki introduced their S-KTRC (Sport Kawasaki Traction Control) system as a standard feature; responsible for predicting when traction will be lost and adapting accordingly. Also new are KIBS (Kawasaki Intelligent Braking System) as their optional ABS system, a completely new design, adjustable foot-pegs, larger throttle bodies, a horizontal rear suspension, lighter three-spoke wheels, Showa Big Piston Fork (BPF)[4] front suspension, and an LCD panel dashboard.[5] The 2012 model is identical to the 2011 with the only exception being the slightly different paint schemes offered. In 2013 the models went under another small revision where the colors offered changed again and the front dampener was replaced with an Ohlins electronic front steering dampener. In 2014 the only changes different colors. In 2015 the only colored offered was black, alongside a 30th anniversary edition.

Specifications[edit]

All specifications are manufacturer claimed.

2004/2005[6] 2006/2007[7] 2008/2009/2010[8] 2011/2012/2013/2014/2015[9]
Engine
Engine Type 998 cc (60.9 cu in) liquid-cooled inline four-cylinder
Bore/Stroke 76.0 mm × 55.0 mm (2.99 in × 2.17 in)
Compression Ratio 12.7:1 12.9:1 13.0:1
Valve Train DOHC; four valves per cylinder
Fuel Delivery Fuel Injection
Ignition Computer-controlled digital transistorized TCBI with digital advance and Sport-Kawasaki Traction Control (S-KTRC)
Drivetrain
Transmission close-ratio six-speed, slipper clutch
Final Drive sealed chain
Chassis/Suspension/Brakes
Front Suspension 43 mm inverted fork with top-out springs 43 mm inverted fork with top-out springs (Big Piston Fork Design)
Rear Suspension Bottom-Link Uni-Trak with gas-charged shock and top-out spring Uni-Trak with top-out spring, stepless, dual-range (high/low-speed) compression damping. Horizontal Back-link with gas-charged shock, stepless, dual-range compression damping, stepless rebound damping
Front Brakes Dual radial-mounted four-piston calipers with semi-floating 300 mm (11.8 in) petal discs Dual radial-mounted four-piston calipers with semi-floating 310 mm (12.2 in) petal discs
Rear Brakes Single 220 mm (8.7 in) disc with single-piston caliper
Front Tire 120/70ZR-17
Rear Tire 190/50ZR-17 190/55ZR-17
Dimensions
Rake 24 degrees 24.5 degrees 25.5 degrees 25 degrees
Trail 102 mm (4.0 in) 110 mm (4.3 in) 107 mm (4.2 in)
Wheelbase 1,385 mm (54.5 in) 1,390 mm (55 in) 1,415 mm (55.7 in) 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
Seat Height 825 mm (32.5 in) 830 mm (33 in) 813 mm (32.0 in)
Dry Weight 170 kg (375 lb) 175 kg (386 lb) 179 kg (395 lb) - 2008 Model
Wet Weight 208 kg (459 lb) - 2009/2010 Models 198 kg (437 lb) / ABS (K.I.B.S.) 201 kg (443 lb)
Fuel Capacity 17 L (3.7 imp gal; 4.5 US gal)
Performance
0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) 2.84 seconds[10]
0–100 mph (0–161 km/h) 5.22 seconds[10]
0–150 mph (0–241 km/h) 10.00 seconds[10]
0–180 mph (0–290 km/h) 17.21 seconds[10]
100–150 mph (161–241 km/h) 4.78 seconds[10]
100–180 mph (161–290 km/h) 11.99 seconds[10]
1/4 mile 10.01 seconds @ 150.05 mph (241.48 km/h)[10]
Fuel economy 32.4 mpg-US (7.3 L/100 km; 38.9 mpg-imp)[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Performance Index '10", Motorcycle Consumer News (Bowtie Magazines), 2010, retrieved 2010-01-03 
  2. ^ http://www.iihs.org/news/rss/pr091107.html
  3. ^ Atlas, Steve (October 5, 2009), 2010 Kawasaki ZX-10R First Look, Motorcycle USA, retrieved November 12, 2010 
  4. ^ Ash, Kevin (2010), "Big Piston Forks", Ash on Bikes, retrieved March 11, 2012 Originally published in the Motor Cycle News Tech Watch column 
  5. ^ Kunitsugu, Kent. "2011 Kawasaki ZX-10R – New Generation Ninja". Sport Rider. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2004 PDF
  7. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2006 PDF
  8. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2008 PDF
  9. ^ Ninja ZX-10R 2011 PDF
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cycle World Magazine, July 2008"

External links[edit]