Kayardild language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kayardild
Region South Wellesley Islands, north west Queensland, Australia
Native speakers
23  (2006 census)[1]
Dialects
Kayardild
Yangkaal[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
gyd – Kayardild
nny – Yangkaal/Nyangga (two different languages)
AIATSIS[3] G35, G37

Kayardild is a Tangkic language spoken on the South Wellesley Islands, north west Queensland, Australia, with fewer than ten fluent speakers remaining. Other members of the family include Lardil, Yukulta (Ganggalida) and Yangkaal. It is famous for its many unusual case phenomena, including case stacking of up to four levels, the use of clause-level case to signal interclausal relations and pragmatic factors, and another set of 'verbal case' endings which convert their hosts from nouns into verbs morphologically.

Sounds[edit]

Kayardild consonant phonemes[4]
Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex
Plosive p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n ɳ
Trill r
Lateral ʎ l
Approximant w j ɻ
Kayardild vowel phonemes[4]
Front Back
Close i iː u uː
Open a aː

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kayardild at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Yangkaal/Nyangga (two different languages) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge University Press. p. xxxix. 
  3. ^ Kayardild at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  4. ^ a b Evans (1995a:727)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Evans, Nick (1995a), "Current Issues in Australian languages", in Goldsmith, John A., The Handbook of Phonological Theory, Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics, Blackwell, pp. 723–761 

Further reading[edit]

  • Evans, Nicholas. 1988. Odd topic marking in Kayardild. In Peter Austin, ed., Complex sentence constructions in Australian Languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 219–266.
  • Evans, Nicholas. 1992. Kayardild Dictionary and Thesaurus. University of Melbourne: Department of Linguistics and Language Studies.
  • Evans Nicholas. 1995b. A Grammar of Kayardild. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Evans, Nicholas. 1995c. The Kayardild language. In Julia Robinson, ed. Voices of Queensland. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
  • Evans, Nicholas. 1995d. Multiple case in Kayardild: anti-iconicity and the diachronic filter. In F. Plank, ed., Double case. Agreement by Suffixaufnahme. Oxford: University Press. pp. 396–428.
  • Evans, Nicholas. 2001. Typologies of agreement: some problems from Kayardild. Transactions of the Philological Society 101.2:203-234.
  • Evans, Nicholas. 2006. Kayardild. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Language and Linguistics, Vol. 6. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 168–9.
  • Round, Erich. 2009. Kayardild Morphology, Phonology, and Morphosyntax. PhD dissertation, Yale University.