Kaykhusraw III

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Kaykhusraw III (Old Anatolian Turkish: كَیخُسرو, Persian: غياث الدين كيخسرو بن قلج ارسلان‎, Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Kaykhusraw bin Qilij Arslān) was between two and six years old when in 1265 he was named Seljuq Sultan of Rûm. He was the son of Kilij Arslan IV, the weak representative of the Seljuq line who was controlled by the Pervane, Mu’in al-Din Suleyman.

Reign[edit]

Mu’in al-Din Suleyman, empowered by the Mongol khan Abagha, had Kilij Arslan IV executed in 1266. The young Kaykhusraw became no more than a figurehead and played no part in the events of his reign, which were dominated first by the Pervane and later by the Mongol vizier of Rum, Fakhr al-Din Ali.

In 1283 Kaykhusraw was co-opted by the Mongol Kangirtay into a revolt against the Ilkhan sovereign Ahmad. Kaykhusraw was executed for his involvement in the rebellion in March of 1284.

Kaykhusraw III was the last Seljuq sultan buried in the dynastic mausoleum at the Alaeddin Camii in Konya.

The throne of Kaykhusraw III, a fine example of Seljuq woodcarving, survives in the Ethnography Museum of Ankara. The throne was previously housed in the Kızıl Bey Camii in Ankara.

Sources[edit]

  • Claude Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, trans. J. Jones-Williams, (New York: Taplinger, 1968) 284 ff.
  • Blue Guide: Turkey (London: A&C Black, 1995) 602.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kilij Arslan IV
Sultan of Rûm
1265–1284
Succeeded by
Mesud II