Kayqubad III

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Kayqubad III
Persian علاء الدین کیقباد بن فرامرز
Died 1302

Kayqubad III (Old Anatolian Turkish: كَیقُباد, Persian: علاء الدین کیقباد بن فرامرزʿAlāʾ ad-Dīn Kayqubād bin Farāmurz) was briefly sultan of the Sultanate of Rum between the years of 1298 and 1302. He was a nephew of the deposed Kaykaus II and had strong support among the Turkmen. As sultan he was a vassal of the Mongols and exercised no real power.


He first appears circa 1283 as a pretender to the Seljuq throne. He was recognized by the Turkmen Karamanids but defeated by vizier Fakhr al-Din Ali and Kaykhusraw III. He sought refuge in Cilician Armenia. Nothing is known of his movements again until 1298, when he was appointed to the sultanate by the Ilkhan Mahmud Ghazan upon the downfall of Masud II. He purged the Seljuq administration of his predecessor’s men with extreme violence and became deeply unpopular. On a visit to the Ilkhan in 1302 he was executed.


  • Claude Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, trans. J. Jones-Williams, (New York: Taplinger, 1968) 294, 300-1.

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Preceded by
Mesud II
Sultan of Rûm
Succeeded by
Mesud II