The Kazak Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic (Russian: Казакская АССР) was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) existing from 1925 until 1936.
The Kazak ASSR was originally created as the Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic (not to be confused with Soviet Kirghizia, a Central Asian territory which is now the independent state of Kyrgyzstan) on August 26, 1920, and was a part of the RSFSR. In 1925, it was renamed the Kazak Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic. In 1929, the city of Alma-Ata was designated as the capital of the ASSR. On December 5, 1936 it became the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. Nation name was changed (the last letter was replaced), because it was possible to mix it with Cossacks (Russian: казаки).