Kazi Zafar Ahmed

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kazi Zafar Ahmed
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
In office
12 August 1989 – 6 December 1990
President Hossain Mohammad Ershad
Preceded by Moudud Ahmed
Succeeded by Khaleda Zia
Personal details
Born 1939 (age 74–75)
Chauddagram, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
Political party Jatiya Party (1984–present)
Other political
affiliations
National Awami Party (NAP), United Peoples Party-UPP(Before 1984)
Alma mater University of Dhaka
Religion Islam

Kazi Zafar Ahmed was born in 1939, in the upazila of Chauddagram in Comilla, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).[1] He was originally a student leader at the Dhaka University. He served as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 20 March, 1989 to 6 December, 1990. He has a M.A. degree in history from Dhaka University.

Political career[edit]

Kazi Zafar was a legendary student leader who spearheaded the first popular revolt against the military ruler Ayub Khan in 1962 which eventually led to the relaxation of Gen. Ayub's iron rule and the release of imprisoned political leaders. He later became a labour leader, mainly concentrating in organising the workers in the Tongi industrial area. He was also the leader of a pro-Chinese faction that broke away from the Communist Party in 1966. He was among the first to demand the independence of East Pakistan and on February 22, 1970 from a grand rally of students, workers and general masses at the historic Paltan Maidan declared the programme for establishing an independent Peoples' Democratic Republic of Bangladesh.

After independence, he joined the National Awami Party of Maulana Bhashani and became its Secretary General. He declared to form a responsible opposition party. Later he formed the United Peoples' Party (UPP) in 1974. He took the UPP to a coalition government with President Ziaur Rahman after he assumed the presidency through a referendum. Kazi Zafar became Education Minister, but left the coalition due to irreconcilable differences. However, many of his former colleagues joined Zia's new party, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). Prominent among them were Abdul Mannan Bhuiyan and Abdullah Al-Noman who later became BNP's secretary general and organising secretary, respectively.

Kazi Zafar also played a leading role in the anti military role of President Hussain Muhammad Ershad. But the period since 1975 in Bangladesh witnessed realignment of politics and leaders leaving their old parties and joining new ones. Kazi Zafar dissolved his UPP and joined President Ershad's Jatiya Party (JP). He served the Ershad Government as Commerce Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and finally as Prime Minister.[2]

Kazi Zafar a modern day Royal[edit]

The Kazi family is one of the prominent families in Bangladesh. Although there are many families that call themselves Kazi, meaning a justice bureaucrat, the real Kazi family is the family from Cheora Kazi Bari and are considered to be modern day royals of Bengal. Kazis have known to rule an area covering both Bangladesh and India for many decades. The family includes a combination of intellectuals and highly educated figures currently residing away from Bangladesh.

Kazi Zafar in Australia[edit]

After the fall of the Ershad Government, Kazi Zafar came to Australia[3] for the treatment of his kidney. He was then appointed as Distinguished Visiting Professor by the University of Western Sydney. He delivered a number public lectures on the Indian Independence Movement against British Rule, geo-political developments in the subcontinent and the education system in Bangladesh.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kazi Zafar's birthday today". The New Nation-Bangladeshi's Independent News Source. July 1, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Safe haven here for corrupt ex-Bangladeshi PM". The Sydney morning Herald. June 13, 2003. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Bangladesh ex-PM in refugee row". The BBC. June 13, 2003. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Moudud Ahmed
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Khaleda Zia