Kazlıçeşme, Zeytinburnu

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Kazlıçeşme
Neighborhood
Kazlıçeşme is located in Istanbul
Kazlıçeşme
Kazlıçeşme
Coordinates: 40°59′14″N 28°54′36″E / 40.98722°N 28.91000°E / 40.98722; 28.91000Coordinates: 40°59′14″N 28°54′36″E / 40.98722°N 28.91000°E / 40.98722; 28.91000
Country  Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Istanbul
District Zeytinburnu
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,381
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 34020
Area code 0-212
The fountain with the goose figure on that gave to the locality its name.

Kazlıçeşme is one of the seven neighborhoods of Zeytinburnu district in Istanbul, Turkey. Chartered in 1957, it is the largest neighborhood of Zeytinburnu. The locality took its name from the historic fountain (Turkish: çeşme) with a relief goose (Turkish: kaz) figure below the fountain's inscription, which dates it back to Hijri year AH 953 (AD 1537).[1]

Stretching between Bakırköy district in the southwest and Fatih district in the northeast, where it borders to the historic Walls of Constantinople, the area covers the entire coast line of Zeytinburnu at the Sea of Marmara. The 13 km (8.1 mi) long shorline road Kennedy Avenue connecting Sirkeci with Bakırköy runs through Kazlıçeşme.

History[edit]

Kazlıçeşme was assigned for slaughterhouse, tannery and chandlery by a decret of Orroman sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (reigned 1444–46 and 1451–81) soon after the conquest of Constantinople in 1453.[2] Kazlıçeşme was chosen as a place outside the city walls due to the very bad smell produced by ancient tanneries. There were 360 tanneries and 33 butcheries in Kazlıçeşme at a time. The tanneries and the factories of leatherware industry in the area moved in 1993 to a modern industrial zone in Tuzla district on the Asian of Istanbul established for that special purpose.[1][3] After all the leather industry left Kazlıçeşme, the old factory buildings were demolished, and the area became a big public space, which is used today for political and social activity rallies.[4][5][6][7]

Places of interest[edit]

Abdi İpekçi multi-purpose indoor arena.
Kazlıçeşme station of Marmaray

Some of the historic religious buildings in Kazlıçeşme are Kazlıçeşme Fatih Mosque, which is ascribed to Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror and considered so as one of the first two mosques built by Turks in Istanbul,[8] Eriklibaba Tekke[9] and Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha Masjid.[10]

The multi-purpose indoor venue Abdi İpekçi Arena is situated here. Kazlıçeşme is also the place, where historic buildings of the Greek and Armenian communities, such as the Balıklı Greek Hospital and Yedikule Surp Pırgiç Armenian Hospital, are found.

The railway station of Kazlıçeşme, which served the Sirkeci-Halkalı commuter rail line was taken out of service on March 1, 2013 in the frame of improvement works for the Marmaray project.[11] With the opening of Marmaray's first stage on October 29, 2013, Kazlıçeşme railway station became the provisory western terminus of the line, which starts at Ayrılıkçeşmesi on the European part of Istanbul and crosses the Bosphorus undersea.[12]

Preceding station   Turkish State Railways   Following station
toward Halkalı
İstanbul-Halkalı Line
toward Sirkeci

Established in 1999, the Port of Zeytinburnu (aka Zeyport) has five piers with a total of 1,000 m (3,300 ft) long quay, and is able to serve ten vessels up to 3,900 gross tonnage each simultaneously. In the 2000s, the international port was frequently used by Russian and Ukrainian tourists.[13]

Population[edit]

The population of Kazlıçeşme in its close timeline is shown in the list below.

Census Population
1960 537
1965 4,684
1970 3,616
1975 3,682
1980 3,563
1985 721
1990 1,316
1997 1,539
2003 767
2008 1,381

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kazlıçeşme" (in Turkish). Zeytinburnu. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  2. ^ Yüksel, Metin (2003-10-31). "Eski işçi semtinde adım adım tarih: Zeytinburnu". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  3. ^ "Kazlıçeşme’nin Hikayesi" (in Turkish). Genel Kültür. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  4. ^ Kaya, Süleyman & M. Akif Erdem (2013-06-17). "AK Parti'nin Kazlıçeşme mitingi". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  5. ^ Aktürk, İbrahim (2013-07-15). "Kazlıçeşme'de Mısır'a destek mitingi". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  6. ^ Zamur, Duygu (2013-08-03). "Yardım konvoyu Kazlıçeşme’den uğurlandı". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  7. ^ "Kazlıçeşme'de servisçi mitingi". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  8. ^ "Kazlıçeşme Fatih Camii" (in Turkish). Zeytinburnu. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  9. ^ "Erikli Baba Tekkesi" (in Turkish). Zeytinburnu. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  10. ^ "Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Paşa Mescidi" (in Turkish). Zeytinburnu. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  11. ^ Ezber, Elvan (2013-03-01). "Kazlıçeşme-Halkalı arası tren yok". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  12. ^ "Marmaray için tarihi tören". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  13. ^ "Bavul turizmi Zeyport’a isindi". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 1999-10-21. Retrieved 2013-10-31.