Kde domov můj?

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Kde domov můj?
English: Where is My Home?
Skroup-Anthem.jpg
Kde domov můj? (Where my home is (?)) is the national anthem of the Czech Republic.

National anthem of
 Czech Republic

Lyrics Josef Kajetán Tyl
Music František Škroup
Adopted 1992
Music sample

Kde domov můj? (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɡdɛ ˈdomof ˈmuːj]; in English: Where my home is (?)) is a piece of music written by the composer František Škroup and the playwright Josef Kajetán Tyl.

The piece was written as a part of the incidental music to the comedy Fidlovačka aneb Žádný hněv a žádná rvačka (Fidlovačka, or No Anger and No Brawl). It was first performed by Karel Strakatý at the Estates Theatre in Prague on December 21, 1834. The original song consists of two verses (see below). Although J. K. Tyl is said to have considered leaving the song out of the play, not convinced of its quality, it soon became very popular among Czechs and was accepted as an informal anthem of a nation seeking to revive its identity within the Habsburg Empire.[1]

Soon after Czechoslovakia was formed in 1918, the first verse of the song became the Czech part of the national anthem, followed by the first verse of the Slovak song Nad Tatrou sa blýska. Because of the linguistic and ethnic diversity of the First Republic, official translations were made into Hungarian and German as well.[2]

With the split of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the Czechoslovak anthem was divided as well. While Slovakia extended its anthem by adding a second verse, the Czech Republic's national anthem was adopted unextended, in its single-verse version.[1]

In 1882, Antonín Dvořák used Kde domov můj? in his incidental music to the František Ferdinand Šamberk play Josef Kajetán Tyl, Op. 62, B. 125. The overture is often played separately as a concert work entitled Domov můj (My Home).

Czech national anthem lyrics[edit]

Kde domov můj, kde domov můj?
Voda hučí po lučinách,
bory šumí po skalinách,
v sadě skví se jara květ,
zemský ráj to na pohled!
A to je ta krásná země,
země česká domov můj,
země česká domov můj!

(Lyrics according to Appendix 6 of Czech Act No. 3/1993 Coll., as adapted by Act No. 154/1998 Coll.)

Official German translation from 1918 till 1938[edit]

Wo ist mein Heim?
Mein Vaterland?
Wo durch Wiesen Bäche brausen,
Wo auf Felsen Wälder sausen,
Wo ein Eden uns entzückt,
Wenn der Lenz die Fluren schmückt:
Dieses Land, so schön vor allen,
Böhmen ist mein Heimatland.
Böhmen ist mein Heimatland.

Official Hungarian translation[edit]

Hol van honom, hol a hazám?
Hol patak zúg a hegyháton,
Csörgedez a rónaságon.
Üde virág a kertben,
Mint egy földi édenben.
Ez az istenáldotta föld,
Cseh föld a hazám,
Cseh föld a hazám.

Slovak translation[edit]

Kde je domov môj? Kde je domov môj?
Voda hučí po lúčinách,
Bory šumia po skalinách,
V sade skvie sa jari kvet,
Zemský raj to na pohľad!
A to je tá krásna krajina,
Krajina česká, domov môj!
Krajina česká, domov môj!

English translation[edit]

Where is my home, where is my home?
Water roars across the meadows,
Pinewoods rustle among crags,
The garden is glorious with spring blossom,
Paradise on earth it is to see.
And this is that beautiful land,
The Czech land, my home,
The Czech land, my home.

Original lyrics (from Fidlovačka, 1834)[edit]

Kde domov můj!? Kde domov můj!?
Voda hučí po lučinách
bory šumí po skalinách,
v sadě skví se jara květ
zemský ráj to na pohled!
a to je ta krásná země,
země česká domov můj!
země česká domov můj!
Kde domov můj!? Kde domov můj!?
V kraji znáš-li bohumilém
duše útlé v těle čilém,
mysl jasnou, vznik a zdar
a tu sílu vzdoru zmar,
to je Čechů slavné plémě
mezi Čechy domov můj!
mezi Čechy domov můj!

English translation of original version[edit]

Where is my home? Where is my home?
Waters murmur across the meads
Pinewoods rustle 'pon the cliff-rocks,
Bloom of spring shines in the orchard,
Paradise on Earth to see!
And that is the beautiful land,
The Czech land, my home!
The Czech land, my home!
Where is my home? Where is my home?
If, in the heavenly land, you have met
Tender souls in agile frames,
Of clear mind, vigorous and prospering,
And with a strength that frustrates all defiance,
That is the glorious nation of Czechs,
Among the Czechs (is) my home!
Among the Czechs, my home!

Slovak translation of original version[edit]

Kde je domov môj? Kde je domov môj?
Voda hučí po lúčinách,
Bory šumia po skalinách,
V sade skvie sa jari kvet,
Zemský raj to na pohľad!
A to je tá krásna krajina,
Krajina česká, domov môj!
Krajina česká, domov môj!
Kde je domov môj? Kde je domov môj?
Ak (s)poznáš v kraji bohumilom
Útlu dušu v tele čulom,
Myseľ jasnú, vznik a zdar
A tú silu vzdoru zmar,
To je slávne plemeno Čechov,
Medzi Čechmi je domov môj!
Medzi Čechmi je domov môj!

Czechoslovak anthem of 1918-1992[edit]

The first stanza, along with that of the Slovak song Nad Tatrou sa blýska became from 1918 to 1992 the national anthem of Czechoslovakia becoming their common anthem.

Czech and Slovak lyrics[edit]

Kde domov můj, kde domov můj?
Voda hučí po lučinách,
bory šumí po skalinách,
v sadě skví se jara květ,
zemský ráj to na pohled!
A to je ta krásná země,
země česká domov můj,
země česká domov můj!
Nad Tatrou sa blýska, hromy divo bijú
Nad Tatrou sa blýska, hromy divo bijú
Zastavme sa, bratia, veď sa ony stratia, Slováci ožijú.
Zastavme sa, bratia, veď sa ony stratia, Slováci ožijú.

English translation[edit]

Where is my home, where is my home?
Water roars across the meadows,
Pinewoods rustle among crags,
The garden is glorious with spring blossom,
Paradise on earth it is to see.
And this is that beautiful land,
The Czech land, my home,
The Czech land, my home!
There is lightning over the Tatras, thunders wildly beat,
There is lightning over the Tatras, thunders wildly beat.
Let's pause, brothers, after all they'll disappear, the Slovaks will revive.
Let's pause, brothers, after all they'll disappear, the Slovaks will revive.

Alternate English translation which is true to the tune and meter of the original Czech and Slovak verses[edit]

Where is my home, where is my home?
Streams are rushing through the meadows,
Midst the rocks sigh fragrant pine groves,
Orchards decked in spring's array,
Scenes of Paradise portray.
And this land of wondrous beauty,
Is the Czech land, home of mine,
Is the Czech land, home of mine!
Lightning strikes our mighty Tatras tempest shaken,
Lightning strikes our mighty Tatras tempest shaken.
Stand we fast friends of mine; storms will pass, sun will shine; Slovaks shall awaken,
Stand we fast friends of mine; storms will pass, sun will shine; Slovaks shall awaken.

German translation (used 1918-1938)[edit]

Wo ist mein Heim?
Mein Vaterland?
Wo durch Wiesen Bäche brausen,
Wo auf Felsen Wälder sausen,
Wo ein Eden uns entzückt,
Wenn der Lenz die Fluren schmückt:
Dieses Land, so schön vor allen,
Böhmen ist mein Heimatland.
Böhmen ist mein Heimatland.
Ob der Tatra blitzt es, dröhnt des Donners Krachen
Ob der Tatra blitzt es, dröhnt des Donners Krachen
Doch der Stürme Wehen wird gar bald vergehen, Brüder, wir erwachen!
Doch der Stürme Wehen wird gar bald vergehen, Brüder, wir erwachen!

Hungarian translation (used 1920-1938)[edit]

Hol van honom, hol a hazám?
Hol patak zúg a hegyháton,
Csörgedez a rónaságon.
Üde virág a kertben,
Mint egy földi édenben.
Ez az istenáldotta föld,
Cseh föld a hazám,
Cseh föld a hazám.
Fenn a Tátra ormán villámok cikáznak,
Fenn a Tátra ormán villámok cikáznak,
Állj meg szlovák testvér, elmúlik a veszély népünk ébredez már.
Állj meg szlovák testvér, elmúlik a veszély népünk ébredez már.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Article 7 of Czech law n° 3/1993 Sb. on statehood emblems
  2. ^ Gössel, Gabriel; et al. (2008). The Czech Republic’s national anthem down the ages. Úřad vlády České republiky + Národní muzeum + Národní divadlo + Český rozhlas. ISBN 978-80-87041-51-2. 

External links[edit]