Keahole Point

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Kalaoa Permanent House Site 10,205
Kalaoa permanent settlement.jpg
An ancient house ruin
Keahole Point is located in Hawaii
Keahole Point
Location Keāhole Point
Coordinates 19°43′30″N 156°3′28.8″W / 19.72500°N 156.058000°W / 19.72500; -156.058000
Area less than one acre
Built 1400-1800
Architectural style Ancient Hawaiian
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 92001552[1]
Added to NRHP November 21, 1992

Keāhole Point is the westernmost point of the island of Hawaii. The Kona International Airport was moved here from directly north of the town of Kailua-Kona in 1970, when the previous smaller airstrip was converted into the Old Kona Airport State Recreation Area. The name comes from Ke ʻāhole since the ʻāhole fish (Kuhlia sandvicensis) was found nearby.[2]

Between the airport and the coast lies the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii. Most of the land was formed in 1801 by the Huʻehuʻe lava flow from Hualālai. This flow extended the shoreline out an estimated 1 mile, adding some 4 km² of land to the island.[3] The southern part of this point is sometimes referred to as Kalihi Point.[4][5]

The Ahupuaʻa (ancient name of the community in this area) was Kalaoa, still used by the census. The site includes a house platform, a walled enclosure, a debris pile with volcanic glass and marine shells, and a larger wall.[6] Probably the home of a common family, an excavation in 1975 estimated occupation from about 1500 to 1800.[7] On January 14, 1989 the Kalaoa Permanent House Site was put on the state register of historic places as site number 10-27-10,205.[8] On November 21, 1992 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places as site number 92001552. It was described as site 81 in a 1930 survey by Reinecke,[9] and site 8 in a 1975 survey by Rosendahl & Kirch,[10] and site HA-D15-12 on a state survey. Just south of this area is the area known as Oʻoma.

Coordinates: 19°43′39″N 156°03′43″W / 19.72750°N 156.06194°W / 19.72750; -156.06194

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ John R. K. Clark, Hawaiʻi Place Names: Shores, Beaches, and Surf Sites, published by University of Hawaii Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-8248-2451-8
  3. ^ http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/1997/97_07_25.html Fishponds versus lava flows, USGS, 1997
  4. ^ Juvik and Juvik editors, 1998, Atlas of Hawaii, University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-8248-2125-8
  5. ^ USGS Big Island Map by Edward W. Wolfe and Jean Morris
  6. ^ Ross Cordy, Site nomination form on National Register of Historic Places web site
  7. ^ Ross Cordy, "A Study of Prehistoric Social Change: The Development of Complex Societies in the Hawaiian Islands". Academic Press, New York
  8. ^ List of Historic Places in Hawaii County on Hawaii State web site
  9. ^ John E. Reinecke, 1930, Survey of Hawaiian Sites from Kailua, Kona, to Kalahuipuaa, Kohala, Bishop Museum, OCLC Number 11538969
  10. ^ Paul H. Rosendahl, Archaeological reconnaissance survey of the Keahole Point Natural Energy Laboratory site, North Kona, Hawaii