|This article does not cite any references or sources. (March 2013)|
|Other names:||Qimen, 祁门, qímén, Qimen Hong Cha|
|Origin:||Qimen County, Anhui Province, China|
|Quick description:||fruity with hints of pine|
Keemun (Cant.: Kei⁴Moon⁴) simplified Chinese: 祁门红茶; traditional Chinese: 祁門紅茶; pinyin: qímén hóngchá; literally: "Qimen red tea") is a black Chinese tea with a winy and fruity taste, designated as a China Famous Tea.
Keemun has a relatively short history. It was first produced in 1875 by a failed civil servant, Yu Ganchen, after he traveled to Fujian province to learn the secrets of black tea production. Prior to that, only green tea was made in Anhui. The result exceeded his expectations, and the excellent Keemun tea quickly gained popularity in England, and has since been used as a prominent ingredient in some blends of English breakfast tea.
Tasting and brewing
The aroma of Keemun is fruity, with hints of pine, dried plum and floweriness (but not at all as floral as Darjeeling tea) which creates the very distinctive and balanced taste. It also displays a hint of orchid fragrance and a recognizable sweetness. The tea can also have a more bitter taste and the smokiness can be more defined depending on the variety and how it was processed.
In China, Keemun is typically drunk without milk or sugar.
- Keemun Gongfu or Congou (祁門工夫/祁门工夫) - Made with careful skill ("gongfu") to produce thin, tight strips without breaking the leaves.
- Keemun Mao Feng (祁門毛峰/祁门毛峰) - A variety, where Mao Feng means Fur Peak, which is made of only slightly twisted leaf buds and is sometimes noted for a smoother and different flavor. Many people prefer to brew a smaller quantity of this tea for a much longer time than usual, up to 7 minutes, to bring out more interesting tones in the tea.
- Keemun Xin Ya (祁門新芽/祁门新芽) - The early bud variety, said to have less bitterness.
- Keemun Hao Ya (祁門毫芽/祁门毫芽) - A variety known for its fine buds, sometimes showing prominent amounts of silver tips, and generally the highest grade. Hao Ya is sometimes graded into A and B, where A is the better grade.
- Hubei Keemun (湖北祁門/湖北祁门) - Not a true Keemun, a variety that comes from the Hubei Province west of Anhui, said to have similar qualities to the Anhui Keemun.