Liz Cheney

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"Elizabeth Cheney" redirects here. For the English aristocrat, see Elizabeth Cheney, Lady Say.
Liz Cheney
Liz Cheney.jpg
Cheney at the 2005 presidential inauguration
Personal details
Born Elizabeth Lynne Cheney[1]
(1966-07-28) July 28, 1966 (age 48)
Madison, Wisconsin[2]
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Philip Perry (m. 1993)
Children Kate
Elizabeth
Grace
Philip
Richard
Alma mater Colorado College
University of Chicago Law School
Religion United Methodism

Elizabeth Lynne Cheney Perry (born July 28, 1966),[3] commonly called Liz Cheney, is an American attorney and political commentator. Cheney is the elder daughter of former Vice President Dick Cheney and Second Lady Lynne Cheney. She held several positions in the U.S. State Department during the George W. Bush administration. She has been politically active on behalf of the Republican Party and is a co-founder of Keep America Safe. She was briefly a candidate for the United States Senate in Wyoming, challenging the three-term incumbent Mike Enzi, before dropping out of the race.

Personal life[edit]

Cheney is one of two daughters of former Vice President Dick Cheney and former Second Lady Lynne Cheney (née Vincent); Cheney attended elementary school and Junior High in Casper, Wyoming. The family split time between Casper and Washington DC in the 1970s through the '80s following her father's election to Congress.[4] Cheney graduated from McLean High School (1984), where she was a cheerleader. She received her bachelor's degree from Colorado College, where she wrote her senior thesis, "The Evolution of Presidential War Powers," (1988).[3] She received her Juris Doctor degree from the University of Chicago Law School (1996), having also taken courses in Middle Eastern history at the Oriental Institute.[5]

Cheney is married to Philip Perry, a partner at the law firm of Latham & Watkins in Washington, D.C. They were married in Wyoming in 1993. She and Perry have five children: three daughters—Kate, Elizabeth, and Grace—and two sons, Philip and Richard.

Early career[edit]

Before attending law school, Cheney worked for the State Department for five years and the U.S. Agency for International Development between 1989 and 1993. After 1993, she took a job at Armitage Associates LLP, the consulting firm founded by Richard Armitage, then a former Defense Department official and Iran-Contra operative who later served as Deputy Secretary of State.

After graduating from law school, Cheney practiced law in the private sector (at the law firm of White & Case) and as an international law attorney and consultant at the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group. She has also served as Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of State for Assistance to the former Soviet Union, and as a USAID officer in U.S. embassies in Budapest and Warsaw.[6]

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs[edit]

In 2002, Cheney was appointed to the position of Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs,[7] a pre-existing vacant post with an "economic portfolio", which is a mandate to promote investment in the region. Amid reports, including a New York Times editorial by Paul Krugman, saying that the job was created especially for her, State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said that she had come recommended by then-Secretary of State Colin Powell.[8][9] The Times (London) reported that Cheney's appointment was "the most intriguing sign that America is getting serious about Middle East reform" and that the appointment was "a measure of the seriousness with which the administration was taking Middle East programmes for literacy, education, and reform."[10] The appointment followed publicized policy divisions between the Vice President's office and the State Department on Middle East policy. In that position, she was given control of the Middle East Partnership Initiative, designed to "foster increased democracy and economic progress in a troubled region." The program spent $29 million in 2002, increased to $129 million in the following year. Cheney's task was to channel money to pre-screened groups, some of which were not identified publicly for fear of retaliations from extant governments they sought to undermine. For the budget year 2004, the project sought $145 million.[11][12]

2004 Bush-Cheney re-election campaign[edit]

After two years of service, Cheney left her first State Department post in 2003 to serve in her father's re-election campaign.[13] Participating in the "W Stands for Women" initiative to target female voters, Cheney spoke often of how women have enlarged their scope of political issues, invoking the September 11 attacks and "security".[14]

Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs[edit]

In February 2005, she returned to the U.S. State Department and was appointed the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State For Near Eastern Affairs and Coordinator for Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiatives.[15] In this position, Cheney supported the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, C. David Welch, and coordinated U.S. multilateral efforts to promote and support democracy, expanded education and economic opportunities in the Middle East and Northern Africa. Cheney oversaw the launch of two semi-independent foundations, the Fund of the Future (worth $100 million), to provide capital for small businesses and the Foundation of the Future (worth $55 million), to promote freedom of the press and democracy.[16] In that capacity, Cheney endorsed a draft of a new Iraqi constitution.[17] In November 2005, Cheney was questioned by Ysemink Congar of Turkish CNN that there was "a lot of skepticism building about the U.S. advocacy for democracy and human rights, based on a recent Washington Post story on "black sites" operated by the U.S. and the Central Intelligence Agency in some of the countries receiving Middle East Partnership Initiative support:

Congar: If you were addressing the skeptics today, directly, what would you say to them? Why should they believe that the U.S. is genuinely advocating — supporting democracy and human rights in the region? And why should they — I mean, I'm talking about the grassroots now — why should they enthusiastically endorse the Forum for the Future? Thank you.
Cheney: I'll go first. You know, this is a question that I think has come up ever since we first began supporting democratic activities in the region back in 2002. And what I would say is judge us by our actions, you know. Judge us by the extent to which we really are standing with the people who are working for freedom. Judge us by the extent to which we are supporting NGOs with our money and with our back, you know, with our technical assistance. Judge us by the extent to which, you know, our Secretary of State goes to Cairo and makes a speech in Cairo in the heart of the broader Middle East about the importance of freedom and the importance of people being able to express their own wills and desires.
So, you know, yes, I think there is skepticism. I think that there is disagreement about policies. I think some of that comes from a misunderstanding of American policies. But at the end of the day, I think that the idea of skepticism is, frankly, a little bit overblown. I mean, my sense is that it's become conventional wisdom among elites that there are skeptics. There certainly are some skeptics, but there are certainly millions and millions of people across the broader Middle East who are participating with us in projects, that are providing training and skills and how you operate in a political — in a democratic environment. And who very much appreciate and feel protected by the fact that the United States is standing with them, you know.So there will always be skeptics, but I would watch what we do and watch also what we say about these issues.[18]

At the same briefing, Cheney was asked by Tarek Rashad of the Middle East News Agency about the "paradox" of the MEPI funding NGO's supporting democracy and human rights would be "rallying in fact against the regimes and the governments in the region. Cheney answered that contributions to the Foundation had come from governments, but the foundation would not include government officers on its board or as its chairman, that "no government entities will be in either position."[18]

Iran Syria Policy and Operations Group[edit]

Elizabeth Cheney also headed the Iran Syria Policy and Operations Group (ISOG), established in March 2006, a unit within the State Department's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs.

In April 2006, The New York Times published a story critical of Cheney's work, particularly with respect to Iran. Of particular scrutiny was a grants program administered by Elizabeth Cheney's unit, in collaboration with a Republican-affiliated foundation, the International Republican Institute.[19] The Times maintained that when the group became controversial, with critics saying that it was plotting covert actions that could escalate into war with Iran and Syria, the group was disbanded, by May 2006. Shortly before the ISOG group was dissolved, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice initiated a major effort to engage Iran and Syria in efforts to stabilize Iraq.[20] As late as April 11, 2009, Iranian officials investigating "cyber-crimes" cited Cheney's efforts in the daily newspaper Iran, specifically the "Democracy Program" [sic] initiative as parallel to a Netherlands-funded push for a "velvet revolution" accomplished by a media campaign to polarize the country, "despite the 1981 Algiers Accords signed between the U.S. and Iran in the aftermath of the U.S. embassy takeover in Tehran."[21] Her controversial business relationship with American-Iranian oil trader and millionaire Navid Khiabani, which led to approving export license by European Union for Austrian Arm manufacturer Steyr Mannlicher to export Steyr High Caliber Anti material Steyr HS .50 to Iran caused media attention during 2005 and 2006.[22]

2008 Republican presidential campaigns[edit]

Cheney signed on in June 2007 to serve as one of three national co-chairs for Fred Thompson's 2008 presidential campaign. The other co-chairs were Spencer Abraham and George Allen. In a press release issued at the beginning of his campaign, Thompson said he was "very pleased to announce that former Senators Abraham and Allen, as well as Liz Cheney, will serve as co-chairs of my national leadership team." Thompson added: "These distinguished individuals bring wise counsel and invaluable experience to my campaign leadership team, and they will play a critical role in helping spread my consistent conservative message across America."[23] After Thompson dropped out of the race, Cheney announced on January 27, 2008 that she would work for Mitt Romney's presidential campaign, serving as a senior foreign policy advisor.[24]

Keep America Safe[edit]

In October 2009, Liz Cheney, William Kristol, and Deborah Burlingame launched, as board members, a non-profit 501(c)4 organization called Keep America Safe. The group's stated purpose is to "provide information for concerned Americans about critical national security issues".[25]. The organization drew a lot of critizism from conservative lawyers, many of which had worked for the Bush administration, after their campaign against the "The Al Qaeda Seven", 7 justice department lawyers in the Obama administration that previously had worked as defence lawyers for Gitmo detainees[26]. Shortley after all public information about the organization disappeared from Internet[27].

Fox News[edit]

In January 2012, Cheney was hired as a contributor for Fox News, providing analysis for the Republican primaries and serving as substitute host of some of Fox News' programs including Hannity and Fox News Sunday.[28] She worked at Fox News for 18 months until her contract was terminated by the station in July 2013 after she announced her intention to mount a 2014 bid for the Senate.[29]

2014 Senate bid[edit]

Liz Cheney speaks in Buffalo, Wyoming

On July 16, 2013, Cheney announced that she would be running for the Senate in 2014 from the state of Wyoming as a Republican, challenging the incumbent Republican senator Mike Enzi.[30] The National Republican Senatorial Committee says the group plans to back Enzi, as is policy.[31] Cheney was expected to receive strong fundraising, but faced concerns about the fact she moved to Wyoming in fall 2012.[32] In the video announcing her candidacy, she noted that the Cheney family first came to Wyoming in 1852.[32] Her father served Wyoming in the House of Representatives from 1979 to 1989.[32]

In her first campaign appearance in Cheyenne since announcing her challenge to Enzi, Cheney said, "We have to not be afraid of being called obstructionists. Obstructing President Obama's policies and his agenda isn't actually obstruction, it's patriotism."[33] Cheney claims that Obama has "literally declared war" on the First and Second amendments to the United States Constitution as well as the interests of Wyoming ranchers and energy workers who face regulations from the United States Environmental Protection Agency.[33]

In August 2013, conservative Newsmax magazine named Cheney among the "25 most influential women in the GOP".[34]

Cheney's campaign was marred by criticisms from her past championing of hawkish foreign policy positions to a public spat with her sister Mary over her refusal to support same-sex marriage. Enzi's continuing popularity made it difficult for Cheney to make inroads with Wyoming Republican voters. On January 6, 2014, Cheney announced she had withdrawn from the race.[35]

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cheney makes first visit to World Trade Center site". The New York Times. Associated Press. October 19, 2001. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  2. ^ Mead Gruver; Ben Neary (July 16, 2013). "Liz Cheney: Time for 'new generation' in US Senate". Associated Press. Retrieved September 5, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Cheney, Liz". Current Biography Yearbook 2010. Ipswich, MA: H.W. Wilson. 2010. pp. 103–107. ISBN 9780824211134. 
  4. ^ "Cheney balks at carpetbagger talk". Casper Star-Tribune. July 17, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  5. ^ Kantrowitz, Barbara; Peterson, Holly (October 15, 2007). "What I Learned". Newsweek. 
  6. ^ Cooper, Michael (October 1, 2000), "The 2000 Campaign: The Republican Running Mate; For the Cheney Family the Motto is 'All for One'", New York Times 
  7. ^ Gellman, p. 37
  8. ^ "State Department Post for Cheney Daughter", New York Times, March 2, 2002 
  9. ^ Dana Milbank, "In Appointments, Administration Leaves No Family Behind," Washington Post, March 12, 2002.
  10. ^ "Cheney Family Try a New Peace Tack," The Times, September 11, 2003.
  11. ^ Glenn Kessler and Peter Slevin, "Cheney is Fulcrum of Foreign Policy: In Interagency Fights, His Views Often Prevail," Washington Post, October 13, 2002
  12. ^ Weiseman, Steven R. (March 1, 2005), "Mideast Mix: New Promise of Democracy and Threat of Instability", New York Times 
  13. ^ Peter Slevin, "Vice President's Daughter to Leave State Dept." Washington Post, November 18, 2003.
  14. ^ Mike Allen, "The Five (or More) W's," Washington Post, May 13, 2004.
  15. ^ Al Kamen, "A Newly Meaningful Relationship?", Washington Post, February 14, 2005.
  16. ^ Maha Akeel, "Correcting Perceptions About American Is My Job:; Liz Cheney," Arab News, November 16, 2005.
  17. ^ Robin Wright, "Constitution Sparks Debate on Viability," Washington Post, August 25, 2005.
  18. ^ a b "Preview of the Forum for the Future, November 11–12, 2005, Manama, Bahrain," U.S. State Department transcript[dead link]
  19. ^ Weisman, Steven R. (April 15, 2006), "U.S. Program Is Directed at Altering Iran's Politics", New York Times 
  20. ^ Farah, Stockman, "U.S. Unit Created to Pressure Iran, Syria, Disbanded," Boston Globe, May 26, 2007.
  21. ^ "An IRGC Unit Tasked With Monitoring Organized Cyber Crimes..." PressTV, April 11, 2009.
  22. ^ Harding, Thomas (February 13, 2007). "Iraqi insurgents using Austrian rifles from Iran". Telegraph. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  23. ^ Karen Hanretty, "Fred Thompson announces his Presidential Campaign," Thompson campaign press release, October 8, 2007.
  24. ^ "Press Releases | Mitt Romney for President". Mittromney.com. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Mission Statement" Keep America Safe, 2009. http://www.keepamericasafe.com/?page_id=21
  26. ^ "Republicans scold Liz Cheney". Politico. August 3, 2010. Retrieved December 28, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Liz Cheney-Founded Neocon Group Quietly Scrubbed From The Internet". Think Progress. July 17, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2014. 
  28. ^ Bill O'Reilly (October 1, 2006). "WELCOME! Liz Cheney Joins Fox News as Contributor". Nation.foxnews.com. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Fox News Terminates Liz Cheney's Contract As Paid Contributor In Light Of Senate Run". Mediaite. July 16, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  30. ^ Camina, Catalina (July 16, 2013). "Dick Cheney's daughter jumps into Wyo. Senate race". USA Today. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Liz Cheney to challenge US Senator Mike Enzi of Wyoming". FoxNews. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  32. ^ a b c Martin, Jonathan. "Liz Cheney to Challenge Senator Michael Enzi of Wyoming". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  33. ^ a b "Trevor Brown, "Liz Cheney promises stiff opposition to President Obama"". wyomingnews.com. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  34. ^ Meyers, Jim. "Newsmax Exclusive: The 25 Influential Women of the GOP". Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  35. ^ Martin, Jonathan (January 6, 2014). "Liz Cheney Quits Wyoming Senate Race". New York Times. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Transcripts and videos