|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
Products using keep cases
According to the Internet Movie Database, as of October 30, 2006, there are 18,313 DVDs with sufficient information in the database that are packaged in a keep case.
In the days before video games were released on optical media, cartridges would rarely come packaged in specially designed plastic keep cases with lugs inside to hold the instruction manual, as opposed to pressboard boxes. Cartridges and cards for the Sega Master System platform were the first video games to be packaged in any kind of keep case. The vast majority of Sega Genesis games would come in a plastic keep case, but were later packaged in pressboard boxes, as a cost-cutting measure. Before the standard, commonly used DVD case was invented, early CD-ROM based video games such as Sega CD and early PlayStation titles, would often come in thicker and taller jewel case. These have been reputed to break very easily. Since the PlayStation 2 most major console-based video game software is packaged in some sort of keep case, including Nintendo DS cartridge titles, and Sony PSP titles.
|DVD videos||Majority black, all other color possible|
|PlayStation 2 games||Black (Blue in PAL regions in, later years)||May contain memory card slot|
|Nintendo GameCube games||Black||North America/Europe. May contain memory card slot|
|Xbox Platinum Hits games||Silver (Green for European Regions, Xbox Classics)|
|Xbox 360 games||Translucent green|
|Xbox 360 Kinect games||Translucent purple|
|Wii U games||Bright cerulean|
|Blu-Ray videos||Blue, often translucent|
|HD-DVD videos||Red, often translucent|
|PlayStation 3 games||Clear||Region 1|
|PlayStation 3 Greatest Hits games||Opaque Red||Region 1|
|PlayStation 4 games||Translucent blue|
|Xbox One games||Translucent green|
|Many Sega Genesis games||Black||7 1/4" x 5 1/4" x 7/8"|
|Nintendo GameCube games||Clear||149mm x 107mm x 17mm||Japan|
|Nintendo DS games||Black||135mm x 122mm x 15mm||North America/Japan|
|Nintendo DS games||Clear||135mm x 122mm x 20mm||Europe|
|Nintendo 3DS games||White||135mm x 122mm x 14mm|
|PlayStation Portable games||Clear||168mm x 99mm x 14mm|
|PlayStation Vita games||Blue||135mm x 105mm x 12mm|
Materials and features
The cases are made of soft, clear or colored, polypropylene plastic with a transparent polyethylene outer jacket, usually with a printed paper sleeve behind it. A variety of colors are produced, including black, white, red and clear. On the inside are sets of clips that may hold a booklet or additional sheets of paper with extra information. The DVD is held into place with a small protrusion (a "hub") which fits into the hole in the DVD. For console games like the PlayStation 2 and Nintendo GameCube, an extra protrusion is available for storing memory cards.
Types of hubs
The structural differences between a CD and a DVD have led many manufacturers to study different hub designs for keeping the DVD (or the DVDs, in multi-disc cases) in place: unlike CDs, which are made from one layer of plastic material, DVDs have two layers, which are thinner (so that together they reach the same thickness of a CD) and not bonded all the way to the center. As a result, a DVD hub is weaker than a CD's, and may be damaged if stored in a case which is designed for CDs only.}
In addition to "pluck hubs" (which are often a simple evolution over the classical "crown of teeth"), "push-to-release" hubs are very common: in this case the hub is made in such a way that simply pushing on it with a finger which pushes its component parts closer to each other, thus shrinking the space it occupies and releasing the disc center; under normal situations the release cannot occur accidentally and requires someone to push on the hub (this is obviously more difficult to obtain in slim and ultra-slim cases, where in fact pluck hubs may be preferred to push-type ones).
The larger size of the keep case compared to the CD jewel box means that if the disc becomes detached from the center hub, it can move around inside the box, and the playable surface can be scratched by the hub. This can be a problem during shipping.
The center "Pluck-Hubs" are designed to keep a disc in place while shipping, but can be too tight for normal home use. Because of this, the disc can be damaged upon removal due to excess warping. However, the edges of the center hub can be permanently bent in slightly to allow for a looser fit. Discs are then able to slip out easily, ideal for the home shelf.
The height and width of a (closed) keep case are fixed at 190mm and 135mm, respectively. The thickness may vary to accommodate more discs ("multi" case) or to require less shelf space ("slim" or "thin" case). For a typical single-disc case it is 15mm.
A keep case, thus, approximates the Video Software Dealers Association recommendation that a single-disc DVD-Video package have the same height as a VHS tape (187 mm) and the same width as a CD jewel case (142 mm).
The printed paper sleeve for a standard DVD case can be printed on a standard A4 sheet of paper which, after cropping, can be slipped into the outer jacket. The paper room on the front and back panels of the case is 129.5mm × 183mm and spine panels have a width of 14mm or less. This gives 273mm × 183mm as resulting maximum overall dimensions for the printout (which is less than the 297mm × 210mm of an A4 paper sheet).
Booklet inserts or leaflet material, when folded closed, should measure to a maximum of 120mm × 180mm.
Similar, though not identical, packaging is used for commercial Blu-ray Disc titles and was used for HD DVD titles. However, the dimensions of the cases are somewhat different, about 19 mm shorter. The individual cases are color-coded, with blue being used for Blu-ray and red for HD DVD, and the format displayed prominently on a stripe above the cover art. Some companies such as Disney, Paramount, and Warner Bros. release DVDs without inserts (although Disney does it sporadically).
Empty cases and do-it-yourself
In addition to the industrial usages reported above, empty keep cases are available at retail stores, which can serve for instance as a replacement for broken cases or for DVDs containing personal video recordings or data. Common brands are Maxell, Memorex, TDK, Verbatim, NexPak, US Digital Media and Amaray. Some vendors, e.g. TDK and Infiniti, also sell recordable DVDs individually packed in keep cases.
Evolution of the Keep Case - Red Tag System
Media products, especially DVD and Blu-ray are subject to theft in a retail environment and stores can incur very large loss and shrinkage rates. Red Tag was introduced by Amaray into their keep case to prevent theft in retail stores.
- "Worms 4 Mayhem for PlayStation 2". Flickr. 8 January 2007.
- Labriola, Don (June 22, 2004). "DVD Rot, or Not?". PC Magazine.
- "Amaray product brochure" (PDF). Amaray. Retrieved 2010-03-13.