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Keio 8000 series EMU heading for Keiō-Hachiōji Station
|Daily ridership||1,349,238 (daily, 2010)|
|Line length||37.9 km (23.55 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC|
|Operating speed||110 km/h (70 mph)|
The Keio Line (京王線 Keiō-sen?) is a 37.9 km railway line in western Tokyo, Japan owned by the Keio Corporation. It connects Shinjuku, Tokyo to the suburban city of Hachiōji. The Keio Line is part of a network with interchanges and through running to other lines of Keio Corporation: the Keio New Line, Keio Sagamihara Line, the Keio Keibajo Line, the Keio Dobutsuen Line, the Keio Takao Line, and the 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge Keio Inokashira Line.
The Shinjuku to Chōfu section opened in 1913 as a 1372mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC, and was progressively extended in both directions so that the line connected Shinjuku and Fuchu in 1916. The Sasazuka - Fuchu section was duplicated between 1920 and 1923.
The extension to Higashi-Hachiōji (now Keiō-Hachiōji) was completed by a related company, Gyokunan Electric Railway, in 1925. This electrified line was built to the Japanese standard narrow gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) in the attempt to seek a government subsidy, and so trains from each railway could not operate on the other's tracks. The subsidy application was rejected on the basis the line competes with the JGR Chuo Line, and so the Gyokunan Electric Railway merged with the Keio Electric Railway Co., the line was regauged to 1,372 mm and operation of trains from Shinjuku to Higashi-Hachiōji commenced in 1928.
The Fuchu - Nakagawara and Seiseki-Sakuragaoka - Kitano sections were duplicated in 1929. In 1963 the Shinjuku underground station, including duplication from Sasazuka, commenced service, and the voltage was increased to 1500 VDC. The Nakagawara - Seiseki-Sakuragaoka section was duplicated in 1964.
The Kitano - Keio-Hachioji section was duplicated in 1970, and the relocation of the terminal station underground was completed in 1989.
Five types of rapid services are operated on the Keiō Line, along with local trains. Destinations are from Shinjuku unless noted. English abbreviations are tentative for this article.
- Special Express (特急 tokkyū?) (SpE)
- Most services bound for Keiō-Hachiōji and Takaosanguchi; can make the run from Shinjuku in 37 minutes and to Shinjuku in 39 minutes.
- Semi Special Express (準特急 juntokkyū?) (SSE)
- Most services bound for Takaosanguchi.
- Express (急行 kyūkō?) (E)
- Most services run from the Toei Shinjuku Line through onto the Sagamihara Line via Chōfu; other services in mornings and evenings are bound for Keiō-Hachiōji, Takaosanguchi and Takahatafudō.
- Semi Express (区間急行 kukan kyūkō?) (SeE)
- Most bound for on the Sagamihara Line.Until 2013 it was weekday only service and called tsūkin kaisoku (通勤快速?).
- Rapid (快速 kaisoku?) (R)
- Most services for Hashimoto and Keiō-Tama-Center on the Sagamihara Line.
- Local (各駅停車 kakueki teisha?)
- Also known as kakutei (各停?) for short. Until 2001 it was called futsū (普通?).
- All stations are located in Tokyo.
- Local trains stop at all stations.
- ● - all trains stop at this station;◇- trains stop at this station during special events;｜- all trains pass
- R - Rapid; SeE - Semi Express; E - Express; SSE - Semi-Special Express; SpE - Special Express
|Shinjuku||新宿||-||0.0||●||●||●||●||●||Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line, Yamanote Line, Saikyō Line, Shōnan Shinjuku Line
Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-08)
Toei Oedo Line (E-27) (Shinjuku-Nishiguchi (E-01)), Toei Shinjuku Line(S-01)
Odakyu Odawara Line
Seibu Shinjuku Line (Seibu-Shinjuku)
|Hatsudai and Hatagaya stations are only accessible via the Keio New Line.|
|Sasazuka||笹塚||3.6||3.6||●||●||●||｜||｜||Keio New Line (some trains through from Chōfu)||Shibuya|
|Meidaimae||明大前||0.8||5.2||●||●||●||●||●||Keio Inokashira Line|
|Shimo-Takaido||下高井戸||0.9||6.1||●||｜||｜||｜||｜||Tokyu Setagaya Line|
|Chōfu||調布||0.6||15.5||●||●||●||●||●||Keio Sagamihara Line (some trains through from Shinjuku)|
|Musashinodai||武蔵野台||1.1||18.8||●||｜||｜||｜||｜||Seibu Tamagawa Line (Shiraitodai)||Fuchū|
|Higashi-Fuchū||東府中||0.8||20.4||●||●||●||◇||◇||Keio Keibajo Line (some trains through from Shinjuku)|
|Takahatafudō||高幡不動||1.7||29.7||●||●||●||●||●||Keio Dobutsuen Line (some trains through from Shinjuku)
Tama Toshi Monorail Line
|Kitano||北野||1.2||36.1||●||●||●||●||●||Keio Takao Line (some trains through from Shinjuku)|
|Keiō-Hachiōji||京王八王子||1.8||37.9||●||●||●||●||Chūō Main Line, Yokohama Line, Hachikō Line (Hachiōji)|
Events at stations marked with a "◇" symbol for which trains make stops:
- Fuda Station: Chofu City Fireworks Festival
- Tobitakyū Station: Soccer games, concerts, etc. at Ajinomoto Stadium
- Higashi-Fuchū Station: Events (including the Arima Kinen) at Tokyo Racecourse; transfer to the Keiō Keibajō Line
- Nakagawara Station: Seiseki-Tamagawa Fireworks Festival
- Mogusaen Station: Saturdays and holidays during the Plum Blossom Festival
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
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