Jingzhe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Keichitsu)
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Chinese film or the anarchist newspaper, see Jingzhe (film) and Jingzhe (Chengdu).
Solar term
  Longitude     Term     Calendar
  Spring
  315°   Lichun    4 – 5 February
  330°   Yushui   18–19 February
  345°   Jingzhe    5 – 6 March
  0°   Chunfen   20–21 March
  15°   Qingming    4 – 5 April
  30°   Guyu   20–21 April
  Summer
  45°   Lixia    5 – 6 May
  60°   Xiaoman   21–22 May
  75°   Mangzhong    5 – 6 June
  90°   Xiazhi   21–22 June
  105°   Xiaoshu    7 – 8 July
  120°   Dashu   22–23 July
  Autumn
  135°   Liqiu    7 – 8 August
  150°   Chushu   23–24 August
  165°   Bailu    7 – 8 September
  180°   Qiufen   23–24 September
  195°   Hanlu    8 – 9 October
  210°   Shuangjiang     23–24 October
  Winter
  225°   Lidong    7 – 8 November
  240°   Xiaoxue   22–23 November
  255°   Daxue    7 – 8 December
  270°   Dongzhi   21–22 December
  285°   Xiaohan    5 – 6 January
  300°   Dahan   20–21 January

Jīngzhé (pīnyīn) or Keichitsu (rōmaji) (traditional Chinese: 驚蟄; simplified Chinese: 惊蛰; Japanese: 啓蟄; Korean: 경칩; Vietnamese: Kinh trập; literally: "awakening of insects") is the 3rd of the 24 solar terms (節氣) in the traditional East Asian calendars. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 345° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 360°. More often, it refers to the day when the Sun is exactly at a celestial longitude of 345°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around March 5 and ends around March 20th.

The word 驚蟄 means the awakening of hibernating insects. is to start and means hibernating insects. Traditional Chinese folklore says that during Jingzhe, thunderstorms will wake up the hibernating insects, which implies that the weather is getting warmer.

Pentads[edit]

Date and Time (UTC)
year begin end
辛巳 2001-03-05 12:32 2001-03-20 13:30
壬午 2002-03-05 18:27 2002-03-20 19:16
癸未 2003-03-06 00:04 2003-03-21 00:59
甲申 2004-03-05 05:55 2004-03-20 06:48
乙酉 2005-03-05 11:45 2005-03-20 12:33
丙戌 2006-03-05 17:28 2006-03-20 18:25
丁亥 2007-03-05 23:18 2007-03-21 00:07
戊子 2008-03-05 04:58 2008-03-20 05:48
己丑 2009-03-05 10:47 2009-03-20 11:43
庚寅 2010-03-05 16:46 2010-03-20 17:32
辛卯 2011-03-05 22:29 2011-03-20 23:20
壬辰 2012-03-05 04:21 2012-03-20 05:14
癸巳 2013-03-05 10:14 2013-03-20 11:01
甲午 2014-03-05 16:02 2014-03-20 16:57

Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System

Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads (候). They are the first pentad (初候), the second pentad (次候), and the third pentad (末候): Pentads in Jingzhe are

China
Japan
  • First pentad: Japanese: 蟄虫啓戸 (Romanisation: Chitchū kei to), 'Awakening of hibernating insects'.
  • Second pentad: Japanese: 桃始笑 (Romanisation: Momo Hajime Emi), 'Peach trees start to bloom (smile)'.
  • Last pentad: Japanese: 菜虫化蝶 (Romanisation: Na mushi-ka chō), 'Caterpillars become butterflies'.


Preceded by
Yushui (雨水)
Solar term (節氣) Succeeded by
Chunfen (春分)