Keihin-Tōhoku Line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
     Keihin-Tōhoku Line
E233-1000.jpg
A Keihin-Tōhoku Line E233 series EMU at Saitama-Shintoshin Station
Overview
Type Heavy rail
Locale Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa prefectures
Termini Ōmiya
Yokohama
Stations 35
Operation
Opening 1914
Operator(s) JR East
Rolling stock E233-1000 series
Technical
Line length 59.1 km (36.7 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed 90 km/h (55 mph)
Route map
JR Keihin-Tohoku Line linemap.svg

The Keihin-Tōhoku Line (京浜東北線 Keihin-tōhoku-sen?), is a railway line in Japan which connects the cities of Saitama, Kawaguchi, Tokyo, Kawasaki, and Yokohama. It is part of the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) network. The line's name is derived from the characters for Tokyo (?), Yokohama (?) and the Tōhoku Main Line (東北本線?). The Keihin-Tōhoku Line officially follows portions of the Tōhoku Main Line and Tōkaidō Main Line. Between Ueno and Akabane stations the Keihin-Tohoku and Tohoku Main lines are physically separate and thus alternate routes.

All Keihin-Tōhoku Line trains have through service onto the Negishi Line between Yokohama and Ōfuna stations. As a result, the entire service between Ōmiya and Ōfuna is typically referred to as the Keihin-Tōhoku—Negishi Line (京浜東北線・根岸線?) on system maps and in-train station guides. Keihin-Tōhoku Line—Negishi Line trains are recognizable by their light blue stripe (the line's color on maps is also light blue).

Service outline[edit]

Trains run every 2–3 minutes at peak hours, every 5 minutes during the daytime, and less frequently the rest of the time. In most instances, these trains are classified as "Local" (各駅停車 Kakueki-Teisha?), stopping at all stations en route. However, during the daytime, trains are classified as "Rapid" (快速 kaisoku?). These rapid trains skip some stations in central Tokyo, where it runs parallel to the Yamanote Line.

Station list[edit]

  • Local trains stop at all stations. Rapid trains stop at stations marked "●" and "■". (Stations marked "■" allow cross-platform transfers to the Yamanote Line.)
Line name Station Japanese Distance (km) Rapid Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
from
Ōmiya
from
Tokyo
Tōhoku Main Line Ōmiya 大宮 - 0.0 30.3 Tōhoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Saikyō Line, Kawagoe Line
Tōbu Noda Line
Ina Line (New Shuttle)
Ōmiya-ku, Saitama Saitama
Saitama-Shintoshin さいたま新都心 1.6 1.6 28.7 Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line
Yono 与野 1.1 2.7 27.6   Urawa-ku, Saitama
Kita-Urawa 北浦和 1.6 4.3 26.0  
Urawa 浦和 1.8 6.1 24.2 Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line
Minami-Urawa 南浦和 1.7 7.8 22.5 Musashino Line Minami-ku, Saitama
Warabi 2.8 10.6 19.7   Warabi
Nishi-Kawaguchi 西川口 1.9 12.5 17.8   Kawaguchi
Kawaguchi 川口 2.0 14.5 15.8  
Akabane 赤羽 2.6 17.1 13.2 Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Saikyō Line Kita Tokyo
Higashi-Jūjō 東十条 1.8 18.9 11.4  
Ōji 王子 1.5 20.4 9.9 Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-16)
Toden Arakawa Line (Ōji-Ekimae)
Kami-Nakazato 上中里 1.1 21.5 8.8  
Tabata 田端 1.7 23.2 7.1 JR East: Yamanote Line
Nishi-Nippori 西日暮里 0.8 24.0 6.3 Yamanote Line
Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-16)
Nippori-Toneri Liner (02)
Arakawa
Nippori 日暮里 0.5 24.5 5.8 Yamanote Line, Jōban Line
Keisei Main Line
Nippori-Toneri Liner (01)
Uguisudani 鶯谷 1.1 25.6 4.7 Yamanote Line Taitō
Ueno 上野 1.1 26.7 3.6 Tōhoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line, Jōban Line
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-16), Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-17)
Keisei Main Line (Keisei Ueno)
Okachimachi 御徒町 0.6 27.3 3.0 Yamanote Line
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (Ueno-Hirokōji, G-15), Hibiya Line (Naka-Okachimachi, H-16)
Toei Ōedo Line (Ueno-Okachimachi, E-09)
Akihabara 秋葉原 1.0 28.3 2.0 Yamanote Line, Chūō-Sōbu Line
Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-15)
Tsukuba Express (01)
Chiyoda
Kanda 神田 0.7 29.0 1.3 Yamanote Line, Chūō Line (Rapid)
|Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-13)
Tōkyō 東京 1.3 30.3 0.0 Tōhoku Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Chūō Line, Tōkaidō Main Line, Sōbu Line (Rapid), Yokosuka Line, Keiyō Line
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-17)
Tōkaidō Main Line
Yūrakuchō 有楽町 0.8 31.1 0.8 Yamanote Line
Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line (Y-18), Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (Hibiya, H-07), Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (Hibiya, C-09)
Toei Mita Line (Hibiya, I-08)
Shimbashi 新橋 1.1 32.2 1.9 Yamanote Line, Tōkaidō Line, Yokosuka Line
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-08)
Toei Asakusa Line (A-10)
Yurikamome (U-01)
Minato
Hamamatsuchō 浜松町 1.2 33.4 3.1 Yamanote Line
Tokyo Monorail
Toei Asakusa Line (Daimon, A-09), Toei Ōedo Line (Daimon, E-20)
Tamachi 田町 1.5 34.9 4.6 Yamanote Line
Toei Asakusa Line (Mita, A-08), Toei Mita Line (Mita, I-04)
Shinagawa 品川 2.2 37.1 6.8 Yamanote Line, Yokosuka Line, Tōkaidō Line
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Keikyū Main Line
Ōimachi 大井町 2.4 39.5 9.2 Tōkyū Ōimachi Line
Rinkai Line
Shinagawa
Ōmori 大森 2.2 41.7 11.4   Ōta
Kamata 蒲田 3.0 44.7 14.4 Tōkyū Ikegami Line, Tōkyū Tamagawa Line
Kawasaki 川崎 3.8 48.5 18.2 Tōkaidō Line, Nambu Line
Keikyū Main Line, Keikyū Daishi Line (Keikyū Kawasaki)
Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki Kanagawa
Tsurumi 鶴見 3.5 52.0 21.7 Tsurumi Line
Keikyū Main Line (Keikyū Tsurumi)
Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama
Shin-Koyasu 新子安 3.1 55.1 24.8 Keikyū Main Line (Keikyū Shin-Koyasu) Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama
Higashi-Kanagawa 東神奈川 2.2 57.3 27.0 Yokohama Line (through service via the Negishi Line to Sakuragichō)
Keikyū Main Line (Naka-Kido)
Yokohama 横浜 1.8 59.1 28.8 Negishi Line (through service), Yokohama Line, Yokosuka Line, Tōkaidō Line
Tōkyū Tōyoko Line
Keikyū Main Line
Sagami Railway Main Line
Yokohama Municipal Subway: Blue Line (B20)
Minatomirai Line
Nishi-ku, Yokohama
Through service via the Negishi Line to Sakuragichō, Isogo, and Ōfuna

Rolling stock[edit]

A Keihin-Tohoku Line E233-1000 series EMU, March 2009

As of January 2010, all Keihin-Tohoku Line services are formed of E233-1000 series 10-car electrical multiple unit (EMU) trains. These were phased in from December 2007, and replaced the previous 209 series 10-car EMUs by 24 January 2010. All Keihin-Tohoku Line rolling stock is based at Urawa Depot. Yokohama Line 205 series and E233-6000 series 8-car EMUs also operate on through services over the Keihin-Tohoku Line between Higashi-Kanagawa and Ofuna stations.

Keihin-Tohoku Line & Nehishi Line services[edit]

Yokohama Line through services[edit]

Rolling stock used in the past[edit]

  • 72 series 8-car EMUs (brown livery) (until October 1970)
  • 101 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue livery) (from December 1970 until March 1978)[1]
  • 103 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue livery) (from October 1965 until March 1998)[1]
  • 205 series 10-car EMU (sky blue stripe) (from October 1989 until February 1996)[1]
  • 209-900 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue stripe) (from May 1992 until August 2007)[2]
  • 209-0 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue stripe) (from March 1993 until January 2010)[3]
  • 209-500 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue stripe) (from January 2001 until 2009)

History[edit]

Morning peak on the Keihin-Tohoku and Yamanote lines at Ueno Station

The Keihin Line (京浜線?) opened in 1914 as an electrified passenger line connecting Tokyo Station with Takashimacho Station in Yokohama. (The latter station was renamed Yokohama Station in 1915, when the former Yokohama Station was renamed Sakuragicho Station). The Keihin Line service was extended north through the Tōhoku Main Line to Akabane Station in 1928 and to Ōmiya Station in 1932: this service was initially called the Tōhoku-Keihin Line in announcements.

The Keihin Line initially had third-class and second-class cars, analogous to today's ordinary cars and Green Cars respectively. Second-class service ended in 1938 in order to accommodate special military cars during World War II. The military seating was converted to seating for women and children after the war, and back to ordinary seating in 1973 amid overcrowding concerns: second-class service was briefly restored in the 1950s but abandoned shortly thereafter.

In 1956, the Keihin-Tohoku Line was physically separated from the Yamanote Line between Tamachi and Tabata, allowing more frequent service. Through service with the Negishi Line began in 1964. The frequency increased again in 1968 when the Tohoku Main Line moved to separate tracks. Limited-stop "Rapid" services were introduced in 1988 to further ease congestion along the Yamanote Line corridor.

Accidents[edit]

At around 01:11 in the morning of 23 February 2014, an empty stock train operating from Sakuragicho to Kamata hit a track maintenance vehicle on the track close to Kawasaki Station.[4] The first two cars of the 10-car E233 series train derailed, with the first car ending up on its side.[5] The train was carrying no passengers, and the driver and conductor escaped with minor injuries.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (December 2007). "京浜東北線を駆け抜けた車両たち 後編". Japan Railfan Magazine 48 (562): 77–84. 
  2. ^ 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (November 2007). "京浜東北線を駆け抜けた車両たち 前編". Japan Railfan Magazine 48 (561): 86–93. 
  3. ^ Hobidas: "京浜東北線・根岸線209系引退で記念イベント" (14 December 2009). Retrieved 14 December 2009. (Japanese)
  4. ^ "京浜東北線事故:1両目が横転 蒲田−鶴見間始発から不通" [Keihin-Tohoku Line accident: 1st car overturned, line closed between Kamata and Tsurumi]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "JR East train derails near Kawasaki". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "JR京浜東北線横転事故 運輸安全委の調査官らが原因を調査" [Keihin-Tohoku Line accident: Transport Safety Board investigators start investigation]. FNN (in Japanese). Japan: Fuji News Network. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 

External links[edit]