Keiki

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Regular Keikis on Phalaenopsis mother plant
Regular Keiki in flower on Phalaenopsis mother plant

In horticulture, a keiki (/ˈkk/ KAY-kee) is a plant produced asexually by an orchid plant, especially Dendrobium, Epidendrum (sensu lato), and Phalaenopsis orchids. The baby plant is an exact clone of the mother plant, sometimes flowering while still attached to the mother. The word keiki is Hawaiian for "baby" or "child", literally "the little one".

  • On a Phalaenopsis, a keiki is a small plant growing from one node along the flower stem. Keiki growth may be induced by prolonged exposure to high temperatures during the final phase of spike growth.[1]
  • On a Dendrobium, the keiki is typically found sprouting along the length of the cane or from the end of the cane. This is induced by the accumulation of growth hormones at that point, either naturally, or by the application of keiki paste.

In addition to keikis which grow on flower spikes, Phalaenopsis may occasionally produce basal keikis at the base of the orchid.

Removing keikis[edit]

Phalaenopsis keiki growth progression

If a new plant is desired, the keiki should be left on the mother plant until it develops a healthy root system at least 3 inches long and has two or three leaves(for a Phalaenopsis) or canes (Dendrobium).[2] For a phalaenopsis keiki, this may take 6–12 months from when the keiki first forms.[3] At this point, it can be carefully removed with a sharp knife and planted in its own pot.

  • Keikis are cut below and above the stem, leaving a small piece of stem on the baby plant.

A separated keiki can be expected to flower in approximately the same amount of time it would take for the cross or species to flower from a seedling.[citation needed] Some species orchids like Phalaenopsis pulchra frequently produce keikis, which flower while still attached to the mother plant.

If a new plant is not desired, the keiki can be removed at any time. Removing the entire inflorescence after flowering is complete can prevent the production of keikis and result in a "tidier" appearance for the plant.

Hormone paste[edit]

Keiki paste is a cytokinin hormone which induces growth in the node of a Phalaenopsis inflorescence. It should not be confused with paste or powder containing auxins, which are used to force the production of roots.

Nodes on Phalaenopsis spikes will form either vegetative growth (keiki) or floral growth (a branch with flower buds). If the node tissue is already differentiated so that it will become a floral branch, there is no way to change the result. The trick is to get the paste onto the node before it is differentiated. However, there is no way to predict if an undifferentiated node will become a keiki or a floral branch.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matthew Blanchard, Roberto Lopez, Erik Runkle, PhD, and Yin-Tung Wang, PhD "Growing the Best Phalaenopsis", WWW.AOS.ORG ORCHIDS APRIL 2007
  2. ^ "Keiki's on an Orchid", rePotme.com
  3. ^ "Keiki propagation", EasyOrchids