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Keilah (Citadel) was a city in the lowlands of Judah (Joshua 15:44). In 1 Samuel, David rescued it from the attack of the Philistines (1 Samuel 23:1-8) but the inhabitants proved unfaithful to him, in that they sought to deliver him up to Saul (23:12). He and his men "departed from Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go.” They fled first to Hareth Hill, about 3 miles to the east, and thence through Hebron to Ziph. "And David was in the wilderness of Ziph, in a wood" (1 Samuel 23:15). Here Jonathan sought him out, "and strengthened his hand in God." This was the last interview between David and Jonathan (1 Samuel 23:16-18).

Benjamin of Tudela identified Kâkôn (Qaqun) as ancient Keilah in 1160.[1] Others believe it to be modern Qila, 11 km (7 mi) northwest of Hebron.[2] Still others identify it with Khuweilfeh, between Beit Jibrin (Eleutheropolis) and Beersheba, mentioned in the Amarna tablets.


  1. ^ Conder, 2002, p. 213.
  2. ^ David Toshio Tsumura, The First Book of Samuel (NICOT; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007), 550.


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "article name needed". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.