||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (May 2012)|
Haring in 1988 at a party
Gonzalez y Gonzalez restaurant, Greenwich Village
|Birth name||Keith Haring|
May 4, 1958|
|Died||February 16, 1990
New York City, New York
|Field||Pop art, graffiti art|
|Training||The Ivy School of Professional Art (Pittsburgh)
School of Visual Arts (New York)
|Influenced by||Dr. Seuss, Walt Disney, Allen Haring (his father), William S. Burroughs, Pierre Alechinsky,|
|Awards||The Art Award|
Keith Allen Haring (May 4, 1958 – February 16, 1990) was an artist and social activist whose work responded to the New York City street culture of the 1980s by expressing concepts of birth, death and war. Haring's imagery has become a widely recognized visual language of the 20th century.
Early life and education
Born in Reading, Pennsylvania, Haring grew up in Kutztown with his mother, Joan Haring, and his father, Allen Haring, a cartoonist. He also had three younger sisters, Kay, Karen and Kristen. Haring was interested in art from an early age. From 1976 to 1978 he studied commercial art at The Ivy School of Professional Art, an art school in Pittsburgh. He soon lost interest in commercial art and moved on to study Fine Arts.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2010)|
Haring achieved his first public attention with public art in subways. These were his first recognized pieces of pop art. The exhibitions were filmed by the photographer Tseng Kwong Chi. Around this time, "The Radiant Baby" became his symbol. His bold lines, vivid colors, and active figures carry strong messages of life and unity. Starting in 1980, he organized exhibitions in Club 57. He participated in the Times Square Exhibition and drew, for the first time, animals and human faces. That same year, he photocopied and pasted around the city provocative collages made from cut-up and recombined New York Post headlines. In 1981 he sketched his first chalk drawings on black paper and painted plastic, metal and found objects.
By 1982, Haring established friendships with fellow emerging artists Futura 2000, Kenny Scharf, Madonna and Jean-Michel Basquiat. Haring created more than 50 public works between 1982 and 1989 in dozens of cities around the world. His famous "Crack is Wack" mural, created in 1986, has become a landmark on New York's FDR Drive. He got to know Andy Warhol, who was the theme of several of Haring's pieces including "Andy Mouse." His friendship with Warhol would prove to be a decisive element in his eventual success, particularly after their deaths.
In 1984, Haring visited Australia and painted wall murals in Melbourne (such as the 1984 'Detail-Mural at Collingwood College, Victoria') and Sydney and received a commission from the National Gallery of Victoria and the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art to create a mural which temporarily replaced the water curtain at the National Gallery. He also visited and painted in Rio de Janeiro, the Paris Museum of Modern Art, Minneapolis and Manhattan. He even designed a jacket worn by a pink-wigged Madonna for a performance of her song "Like a Virgin" for the TV dance program Solid Gold.
When asked about the "commercialism" of his work, Mr. Haring said: "I could earn more money if I just painted a few things and jacked up the price. My shop is an extension of what I was doing in the subway stations, breaking down the barriers between high and low art." By the arrival of Pop Shop, his work began reflecting more socio-political themes, such as anti-Apartheid, AIDS awareness, and the crack cocaine epidemic. He even created several pop art pieces influenced by other products: Absolut Vodka, Lucky Strike cigarettes, and Coca-Cola. In 1987 he had his own exhibitions in Helsinki and Antwerp, among others. He also designed the cover for the benefit album A Very Special Christmas, on which Madonna was included. In 1988 he joined a select group of artists whose work has appeared on the label of Chateau Mouton Rothschild wine.
A rare video of Haring at work shows his energetic style. Mr. Haring wrote: "I am becoming much more aware of movement. The importance of movement is intensified when a painting becomes a performance. The performance (the act of painting) becomes as important as the resulting painting."
Keith Haring was openly gay and was a strong advocate of safe sex; however, in 1988, Haring was diagnosed with AIDS. He established the Keith Haring Foundation in 1989, its mandate being to provide funding and imagery to AIDS organizations and children's programs, and to expand the audience for Haring’s work through exhibitions, publications and the licensing of his images. Haring enlisted his imagery during the last years of his life to speak about his own illness and generate activism and awareness about AIDS.
In 1989, at the invitation of the Lesbian and Gay Community Services Center to join a show of site-specific artwork for the building, at 208 West 13th Street, Haring chose the second-floor men's room for his mural Once Upon a Time. In June, on the rear wall of the convent of the Church of Sant'Antonio (in Italian: Chiesa di Sant'Antonio abate) in Pisa (Italy), he painted the last public work of his life, the mural "Tuttomondo" (translation: "the whole world").
Haring died February 16, 1990 of AIDS-related complications.
As a celebration of his life, Madonna declared the first New York date of her Blond Ambition World Tour a benefit concert for Haring's memory, and donated all proceeds from her ticket sales to AIDS charities including AIDS Project Los Angeles and amfAR; the act was documented in her film Truth or Dare. Additionally, Haring's work was featured in several of Red Hot Organization's efforts to raise money for AIDS and AIDS awareness, specifically its first two albums, Red Hot + Blue and Red Hot + Dance, the latter of which used Haring's work on its cover.
Haring contributed to the New York New Wave display in 1981 and in 1982, he had his first exclusive exhibition in the Tony Shafrazi Gallery. That same year, he took part in Documenta 7 in Kassel, Germany. Also in 1982, Haring took part in Public Art Fund's "Messages to the Public" in which he created work for a Spectacolor Board in Times Square. He took part in the Whitney Biennial in 1983, as well as in the São Paulo Biennial. In 1985, the CAPC in Bordeaux opened an exhibition of his works, and took part in the Paris Biennial.
Since his death Haring has been the subject of several international retrospectives. His art was the subject of a 1997 retrospective at the Whitney Museum in NewYork, curated by Elisabeth Sussman. In 1996, a retrospective at the Museum of Contemporary Art Australia was the first major exhibition of his work in Australia. In 2008 there was a retrospective exhibition at the MAC in Lyon, France.
In April 2013, "Keith Haring: The Political Line" opened at the Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris and Le Centquatre. The exhibits run until August 18.
Haring's work is in major private and public collections, including the Museum of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; the Art Institute of Chicago; the Bass Museum, Miami; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Ludwig Museum, Cologne; and Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
Haring was represented by dealer Tony Shafrazi until he died. Since the artist's death in 1990, his estate has been administered by the Keith Haring Foundation. The foundation has a twofold mission of supporting educational opportunities for underprivileged children and financing AIDS research and patient care. The foundation is represented by Gladstone Gallery. There is no catalogue raisonné for Haring; however, there is copious information about Haring available on the estate's website and elsewhere, enabling prospective buyers or sellers to research exhibition history. In 2012, the foundation disbanded its authentication board; that same year, it donated $1 million to support exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art. and $1 million to Planned Parenthood of New York City's Project Street Beat.
In popular culture
Haring is the subject of a composition, Haring at the Exhibition, written and performed by Italian composer Lorenzo Ferrero in collaboration with DJ Nicola Guiducci. The work combines excerpts from popular chart music of the 1980s with samples of classical music compositions by Lorenzo Ferrero and synthesized sounds. It was featured at "The Keith Haring Show," an exhibition which took place in 2005 at the Triennale di Milano.
In 2008, filmmaker Christina Clausen released the documentary The Universe of Keith Haring. In the film, the legacy of Haring is resurrected through colorful archival footage and remembered by friends and admirers such as artists Kenny Scharf and Yoko Ono, gallery owners Jeffrey Deitch and Tony Shafrazi, and the choreographer Bill T. Jones.
Keith Haring: Double Retrospect is a monster sized jigsaw puzzle by Ravensburger measuring in at 17' x 6' with 32,256 pieces, breaking Guinness Book of World Records for the largest puzzle ever made. The puzzle uses 32 pieces of work from Haring and weighs 42 pounds.
Haring designed the album covers for the A Very Special Christmas music compilation albums.
Haring had a balloon in tribute to him at the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. Said balloon caused a mishap in 2008, slamming into the NBC broadcast booth, and the program went off the air for a moment.
- Sheff, David (August 10, 1989). "Keith Haring, An Intimate Conversation". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 14, 2007
- Karen Rosenberg (March 22, 2012), A Pop Shop for a New Generation New York Times.
- "Biography of Keith Haring". Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Hope, Bradley (December 20, 2007). "A Forgotten Haring Is Found by Contractors". The New York Sun. Retrieved December 20, 2007
- Ellis, Rennie, The New Australian Graffiti, (Sun Books Melbourne, 1985)
- Yarrow, Andrew (February 17, 1990). "Keith Haring, Artist, Dies at 31; Career Began in Subway Graffiti". New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- Video Clip - art.com Keith Haring Collection
- David W. Dunlap (March 7, 2012), A Joyous Mural, Born In an Era Filled With Fear New York Times.
- Vartanian, Hrag (April 2010). "Keith Haring: 20th Anniversary". The Brooklyn Rail.
- "Exhibitions: Keith Haring: 1978–1982", Brooklyn Museum, New York, March 16 – July 8, 2012. Ted Loos of the New York Times reviewed the show on Jun. 17, 2012, in a piece entitled "In Code: Spaceships, Babies, Evil TVs."
- Keith Haring, May 4 - July 1, 2011 Gladstone Gallery
- Rachel Corbett (November 7, 2012), Is Keith Haring Undervalued? Insiders Bet Big on a "Correction" in His Market ARTINFO.
- Kate Deimling (November 8, 2010), Keith Haring Estate Joins Barbara Gladstone Gallery ARTINFO.
- Charlotte Burns (October 12, 2012), Haring market in turmoil - Prolific artist’s foundation is latest to close its authentication board, The Art Newspaper.
- The Keith Haring Show, 2005–2006, Milan
- Lee, Nathan (October 24, 2008). "An Artist With Enthusiasm". New York Times.
- Morgan, Matt (February 11, 2011). "Ravensburger Shatters Record With 32,000+ piece puzzle". Wired.
- Gruen, Julia (May 4, 2012). "Keith Haring's 54th Birthday". Google. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- Phillips, Natalie E., "The Radiant (Christ) Child: Keith Haring and the Jesus Movement", American Art, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Fall 2007), pp. 54–73. The University of Chicago Press
- Reading Public Museum, Keith Haring: Journey of the Radiant Baby, Piermont, N.H. : Bunker Hill Publishing Co., 2006. ISBN 978-1593730529
- Van Pee, Yasmine. Boredom is always counterrevolutionary: art in downtown New York nightclubs, 1978-1985 (M.A. thesis, Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College, 2004).
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Keith Haring|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Keith Haring|
- Keith Haring Foundation
- Keith Haring Kids
- Tuttomondo (from ETS publishers, Pisa)
- Tuttomondo (from Municipality of Pisa website)
- Keith Haring in Melbourne.
- The Nakamura Keith Haring Collection (The first private museum exhibiting the works of Keith Haring)
- CRACK IS WACK Two important Graffiti in the Court of handball N.Y City
- Keith Haring, The Message (documentary by Maripol) http://creative.arte.tv/fr/node/12391