Keith Robinson (environmentalist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people of the same name, see Keith Robinson.
Keith Robinson
Nationality USA
Alma mater University of California Davis
Known for Co-owner of Niʻihau
Spouse(s) None
Children None
Relatives Aubrey Robinson (grandfather)

Keith Robinson is an American environmentalist who is the co-owner of Niʻihau, the second-smallest of the eight principal Hawaiian Islands.

Life[edit]

Robinson was born c. 1941 to Lester Beauclerk Robinson (1901–69) and Helen Matthew Robinson (1910–2002).[1] He attended the University of California Davis, graduating with a degree in agronomy and ranch management. After college, he served in the US Army before returning to Hawaii, where he initially worked at the Koolau Ranch on Kauaʻi seven years and then operated a commercial fishing vessel on Kauaʻi for another seven years.

Robinson and his brother Bruce own the approximately 70-square-mile (180 km2) island of Niʻihau in the Hawaiian island chain, which has been in the private possession of their family since their great-great-grandmother Elizabeth McHutchinson Sinclair (1800–92) purchased it from King Kamehameha V for US$10,000 in gold. He is also the manager of a private botanical garden on the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi.[2] Robinson makes his home on Kauaʻi, but visits Niʻihau at least once per week on average.

Conservation work on Niʻihau[edit]

Robinson has been credited for keeping numerous Hawaiian plants from becoming extinct,[3] including Cyanea pinnatifida, which nevertheless remains on the list of extinct plants.

I've spent eighteen years and more than $250,000 doing this work, and I estimate it would cost the government or environmental groups $10–20 million to create a comparable reserve. I've done all phases of it myself; scouting, seed collecting, seed germination, planting, transplanting, watering, growing, fencing, fertilizing, and insecticide spraying. In most environmental groups or botanical gardens, the work is highly compartmentalized. You get your plant scouts, your seed collectors, your nurserymen, and people on the grounds. They all have different duties, and their duties never change, so none of them has a broad overview of what's going on. They don't know what specific problems there are at various stages where you're trying to produce the plants.[4]

Contemporary activities[edit]

Robinson has repeatedly expressed his desire to keep Niʻihau privately owned so as to preserve the environment and traditions of its 150 to 200 native Hawaiian inhabitants, and has occasionally taken large financial losses to do so. As under his predecessors, Robinson has kept Niʻihau largely closed to outside visitors, though a few hunters and other tourists are admitted each year—but with limited or no contact with the islanders. Robinson continues to ban radios, televisions and mobile phones on the island, in an effort to preserve as much of the indigenous island culture as possible. In 1997, Robinson estimated that between $8–9 million was spent to keep people employed, not counting the free housing and free meat provided to the 150-200 Niʻihau islanders.[2] After 135 years of operation, the ranch on the island shut down in 1999, rendering all its inhabitants unemployed.[1]

Robinson expressed concerns about his family's ability to continue to maintain their ownership of Niʻihau, due to pressure from the federal and state governments and environmental groups. Environmental lawsuits have been launched against the family by groups such as Earthjustice,[3] while taxes on the island have taken much of the profits from the Robinsons' interests in agricultural companies. Keith Robinson has compared his plight on Niʻihau to Ruby Ridge and the Waco Siege, threatening to defend his island with force if necessary. Keith and Bruce Robinson have reportedly been offered over $1 billion to sell Niʻihau to the US Federal government or possibly to turn over ownership to Hawai'i state. They have turned all offers down.[5]

In 2005 a documentary on him was released titled Robinson Crusader.[5]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
Francis W. Sinclair
(1797-1846)
 
Elizabeth McHutchison
(1800–1892)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles B. Robinson
 
Helen Sinclair
 
Jane Sinclair
(d. 1916)
 
Thomas Gay
(d. 1865)
 
Anne Sinclair
(1839-1922)
 
Valdemar Knudsen
(1819–1898)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aubrey Robinson
(1853–1936)
 
 
 
 
 
Alice Gay
 
Francis Gay
 
 
Eric Alfred Knudsen
(1872–1957)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aylmer Robinson
(1888–1967)
 
Lester Beauclerk Robinson
(1901–1969)
 
Helen Matthew
(1910–2002)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keith Robinson
(b. 1941)
 
 
Bruce Robinson

References[edit]

External links[edit]