Keith Williamson

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Sir Keith Williamson
Born (1928-02-28) 28 February 1928 (age 86)
Leytonstone, London
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Air Force
Years of service 1945–1985
Rank Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Commands held Chief of the Air Staff
Strike Command
Support Command
RAF Staff College, Bracknell
RAF Gütersloh
No. 23 Squadron
Battles/wars Korean War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Air Force Cross

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Keith Alec Williamson GCBAFC (born 25 February 1928) is a retired senior officer in the Royal Air Force. He served with the Royal Australian Air Force flying Meteors in a ground attack role during the Korean War. He was a squadron commander and then a station commander during the 1960s and a senior air commander in the 1980s. He was Chief of the Air Staff during the early 1980s at the time of the emergency airlift of food and supplies to Ethiopia ("Operation Bushel").

RAF career[edit]

The son of Percy Williamson and his wife Gertrude, Williamson was educated at Bancroft's School and Market Harborough Grammar School.[1] He enlisted as an Aircraft Apprentice at RAF Halton in 1945,[1] and was transferred to the Aircraft Apprentice Wing at RAF Cranwell, No 1 Radio School where he joined the 50th Entry and was trained as an Air Radio Fitter. After graduating in 1948,[1] he was selected for a cadetship at RAF College Cranwell and was commissioned on 13 December 1950.[2] He was sent to the Advanced Flying School at RAF Driffield, where he trained on Meteors and Vampires and was then posted to No. 112 Squadron in July 1951 flying Vampires initially from RAF Fassberg and then from RAF Jever in Germany.[1]

Promoted to flying officer on 13 December 1951,[3] Williamson volunteered to join No. 77 Squadron RAAF flying Meteors in a ground attack role in the Korean War in January 1953.[1] After being promoted to flight lieutenant on 13 June 1953,[4] he returned home in late 1953 to become aide-de-camp to Air Marshal Sir Harold Lydford, the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, RAF Home Command.[5] After briefly returning to No. 112 Squadron in 1956, he joined No. 20 Squadron at RAF Oldenburg in Germany as a flight commander flying Hunters.[5] Promoted to squadron leader on 1 July 1958,[6] that year he went to the Central Flying School where he became a Qualified Flying Instructor and then an examiner.[5]

Williamson attended the RAF Staff College in 1962 and was then post to the Air Secretary's department at the Air Ministry.[5] He was promoted to wing commander on 1 January 1964.[7] He was given command of No. 23 Squadron flying Lightnings from RAF Leuchars in 1966[5] and became Station Commander at RAF Gütersloh in 1968.[8] He was awarded the Air Force Cross in the 1968 Birthday Honours,[9] and promoted to group captain on 1 July 1968.[10] After attending the Royal College of Defence Studies in 1971,[8] he became Director of Air Staff Plans at the Ministry of Defence in 1972[8] and was promoted to air commodore on 1 January 1973.[11] Promoted to air vice marshal on 1 July 1975,[12] he was appointed Commandant of the RAF Staff College, Bracknell, on 16 August 1975.[13]

Gloster Meteor, a type flown by Williamson during the Korean War

Williamson went on to be Assistant Chief of Staff (Plans and Policy) at SHAPE on 10 March 1977[14] and then became Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief at Support Command with the acting rank of air marshal on 30 August 1978.[15] He was promoted to the substantive rank of air marshal on 1 January 1979.[16]

Williamson was made Commander-in-Chief Strike Command with the acting rank of air chief marshal on 15 September 1980.[17] He was promoted to the substantive rank of air chief marshal on 1 March 1981[18] and advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the 1982 Birthday Honours.[19] He became Chief of the Air Staff on 15 October 1982[20] and was appointed Air Aide-de-Camp to the Queen on the same day.[21] As Chief of the Air Staff he persuaded the British Government to build a completely new airfield at Mount Pleasant in the Falkland Islands in the aftermath of the Falklands War.[22] He also implemented the emergency airlift of food and supplies to Ethiopia in the wake of severe drought, famine and civil war there ("Operation Bushel") and advised on the international agreement to proceed with the European Fighter programme.[23] He was promoted to Marshal of the Royal Air Force on 15 October 1985[24] and retired the same month.[23]

Later work[edit]

In retirement Williamson devoted much of his time to the Presidency of the Royal Air Forces Association.[23] He was also Vice-President of SSAFA.[23]

Personal life[edit]

In 1953 he married Patricia Anne Watts; they had two sons and two daughters.[8] His interests include golf.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Probert, p. 90
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39135. p. 541. 26 January 1951. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39410. p. 6589. 14 December 1951. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39894. p. 3465. 19 June 1953. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e Probert, p. 91
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41433. p. 4143. 1 July 1958. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 43210. p. 77. 31 December 1963. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d e Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44600. p. 6330. 31 May 1968. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44625. p. 7352. 28 June 1968. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45867. p. 100. 1 January 1973. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46621. p. 8377. 30 June 1975. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46663. p. 10566. 18 August 1975. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47173. p. 3577. 14 March 1977. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47632. p. 10619. 4 September 1978. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47745. p. 667. 15 January 1979. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 48337. p. 14270. 13 October 1980. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 48547. p. 3444. 9 March 1981. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49008. p. 3. 11 June 1982. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49156. p. 14275. 1 November 1982. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49156. p. 14274. 1 November 1982. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  22. ^ Probert, p. 93
  23. ^ a b c d Probert, p. 94
  24. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50286. p. 14275. 14 October 1985. Retrieved 3 June 2012.

Sources[edit]

  • Probert, Henry (1991). High Commanders of the Royal Air Force. HMSO. ISBN 0-11-772635-4. 
Military offices
Preceded by
D F C Ross
Station Commander RAF Gutersloh
1968–1971
Succeeded by
Michael Horace Miller
Preceded by
Alasdair Steedman
Commandant RAF Staff College, Bracknell
Air Officer Commanding Command and Staff Training

1975–1977
Succeeded by
J B Curtiss
Preceded by
Sir Rex Roe
Commander-in-Chief Support Command
1978–1980
Succeeded by
Sir John Gingell
Preceded by
Sir David Evans
Commander-in-Chief RAF Strike Command
1980–1982
Succeeded by
David Craig
Preceded by
Sir Michael Beetham
Chief of the Air Staff
1982–1985
Succeeded by
David Craig