Kekūanāoa

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Kekūanāoʻa
Kuhina Nui of the Hawaiian Islands and Governor of Oʻahu
Kekūanāoʻa
Kuhina Nui of the Hawaiian Islands
Reign December 21, 1863 – August 24, 1864
Predecessor Kaʻahumanu IV
Successor position abolished
Royal Governor of Oʻahu
Reign 1834–1868
Predecessor John Adams Kuakini
Successor John Owen Dominis
Spouse Kalehua
Pauahi
Kīnaʻu
Kaloloahilani
Issue Paʻalua
Ruth Keʻelikōlani (legally recognized)
David Kamehameha
Moses Kekūāiwa
Lot Kapuāiwa
Alexander Liholiho
Victoria Kamāmalu
Full name
Mataio (Matthew) Keawenui Kekūanaōʻa
Father Kiʻilaweau (legally recognized)
Mother Inaina
Born c. January 1794
Hilo
Died November 24, 1868(1868-11-24)
Pakakanene, Honolulu, Oʻahu[1]
Burial December 22, 1868[2]
Mauna ʻAla Royal Mausoleum
Signature

Mataio Kekūanāoʻa (1791/1794–1868) was descended from the high chiefs of the island of Oʻahu. His first name is the Hawaiian form of Matthew, although he is most commonly referred to as "Mataio".

Birth and early life[edit]

He was born either in 1791 or around January 1794 during George Vancouver's visit to Hilo.[1] His mother was Inaina, daughter of Pupuka, an Oʻahu chief who perished with Elani of Ewa in their revolt against Kahekili II.[3]:223 According to John Papa ʻĪʻī, he is considered to have two fathers, Kiʻilaweau,[4] the grandson of the Hawaii Island Chief Alapaʻinuiakauaua, the king that had sought to kill the infant Kamehameha at his birth, and Nāhiʻōleʻa, an Oʻahu chief descended from Kalehunapaikua, one of the sons of King Kakuhihewa.[3]:276–277[5]:146

Political career[edit]

He was the Royal Governor of Oʻahu 1839–1864.[6] On December 21, 1863 he was made the sixth Kuhina Nui, replacing his daughter who became Crown Princess and heir apparent to the throne. For most of his reign as Kuhina Nui he supported his son Kamehameha V's view of abolishing the position. He held the position until 1864 when the Constitution of 1864 abolished it. He also served as a member of the House of Nobles from 1841–1868, Privy Council 1845–1869, and as President of the Board of Education from 1860.[7] In 1866, Mark Twain wrote of Mataio Kekūanāoʻa: "[A] man of noble presence.." and "[S]eemingly natural and fitted to the place as if he had been born to it...."[8]

The Territorial Building in the Hawaii Capital Historic District was named for him.[9]

Personal life[edit]

He was the punahele, or intimate companion of King Kamehameha II in his youth,[10] and followed him to England where the King and Queen Kamāmalu died of measles in 1824. He was able to escape the sickness and return to Hawaii, stabilizing himself in the court by marrying two wives of his late sovereign. His first marriage to Kalehua was from 1822 to 1825, and the product of this marriage was a son named Paʻaula. He married again to Pauahi, the widow of Kamehameha II. Their marriage lasted only months, from November 1825 to her death in February of 1826. He is considered the father of her daughter Princess Ruth Keʻelikōlani.

He remarried Elizabeth Kīnaʻu, another Kamehameha II widow, who ruled as the Kuhina Nui at the time under the name Kaʻahumanu II. From her he fathered David Kamehameha, Moses Kekūāiwa, Lot Kapuāiwa, Alexander Liholiho, and Victoria Kamāmalu. His sons Alexander and Lot would become King Kamehameha IV and King Kamehameha V. His daughter would become the fifth Kuhina Nui as Kaʻahumanu IV. The third marriage lasted from 1827 until Kīnaʻu's death in 1839. After 6 years as a widower he remarried again in 1845, to the High Chiefess Kaloloahilani.[11] The marriage resulted in the birth of a son on November 28, 1846.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Death of His Highness Mataio Kekuanaoa". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. November 28, 1868. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ David W. Forbes, ed. (2001). Hawaiian national bibliography, 1780–1900 3. University of Hawaii Press. p. 469. ISBN 0-8248-2503-9. 
  3. ^ a b Fornander, Abraham (1880). Stokes, John F. G., ed. An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and Migrations, and the Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I 2. Trübner & Co. 
  4. ^ Hawaii Reports: Cases Determined in the Supreme Court of the State of Hawaii 8. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette Co. 1893. pp. 632–633. 
  5. ^ John Papa Īī, Mary Kawena Pukui, Dorothy B. Barrère (1983). Fragments of Hawaiian History (2 ed.). Bishop Museum Press. ISBN 0-910240-31-0. 
  6. ^ "Governor of Oahu". official archives. State of Hawaii. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Kekuanaoa, Mateo office record". official archives. State of Hawaii. Retrieved November 25, 2009. 
  8. ^ Mark Twain (1872). "LXVII". Roughing It. David Widger. 
  9. ^ Burl Burlingame (June 27, 2004). "Territorial Office Building is district’s underrated gem". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved October 11, 2010. 
  10. ^ Sophia Cracroft, Lady Franklin, Queen Emma of Hawaii (1958). Alfons L. Korn, ed. The Victorian visitors: an account of the Hawaiian Kingdom, 1861–1866, including the journal letters of Sophia Cracroft: extracts from the journals of Lady Franklin, and diaries and letters of Queen Emma of Hawaii. The University Press of Hawaii. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-87022-421-8. 
  11. ^ Mataio Kekūanāoʻa Hawaii Department of Accounting and General Services
  12. ^ Journal, Amos Starr Cooke, December 1, 1846. Vol. 8, p. 14., Honolulu: Hawaiian Mission Houses Library.
Preceded by
John Adams Kuakini
Royal Governor of Oʻahu
1839–1864
Succeeded by
John Owen Dominis
Preceded by
Kaʻahumanu IV
Kuhina Nui of the Hawaiian Islands
December 21, 1863 – August 24, 1864
Succeeded by
Position Abolished