Kelibia

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Kelibia
Kelibia is located in Tunisia
Kelibia
Coordinates: 36°51′0″N 11°6′0″E / 36.85000°N 11.10000°E / 36.85000; 11.10000Coordinates: 36°51′0″N 11°6′0″E / 36.85000°N 11.10000°E / 36.85000; 11.10000
Country Tunisia
Governorates Nabeul Governorate
Government
 • Mayor Farid Ben Rejeb
Population (2004)
 • Total 43,209
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.commune-kelibia.gov.tn

Kelibia (Kélibia) (Arabic: قليبية‎ / ALA-LC: Qilībiyah), often referred to as Calibia by European writers,[1][2][3] is a coastal town on the Cap Bon peninsula, Nabeul Governorate in the far northeastern part of Tunisia. Its sand beaches are considered some of the finest of the Mediterranean sea.

History[edit]

Known in Roman times as Clypia or Clupea,[1][2][3] the town was founded by the Carthaginians as the fortified town of Aspis in the 5th century BC.[4]

At the Conference of Carthage in 411, which brought together Catholic and Donatist bishops, Clypia was represented by the Catholic Leodicius and the Donatist Geminius. Aurilius was one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484 and then exiled. Two other bishops of Clypia took part in councils of Carthage held in 525 (Bishop Crescentius) and 645 (Bishop Stephanus).[5][6][7]

No longer a residential bishopric, Clypia is now listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[8]

Kelibia today[edit]

The main landmark of Kelibia is the recently restored Kelibia Fort overlooking the harbor. Kelibia is a fishing port and is home to Tunisia's National Fishing School. The town has a population of 43,209 (2004 census).

The 'Muscat de Kélibia', a fruity regional white wine is widely recognized as one of the bests of the country.

Kelibia is home of the Tunisian volley-ball with Club Olympique de Kélibia active since 1959 and winner of 2 national championships in 1977 and 2003; also 8 Cup titles: 1972, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1989, 2004 and 2011.

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b George Sale, An Universal History (1760), vol. 19, p. 200
  2. ^ a b C.A. Schwetschke, Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung (1822), Volumes 1–2, No. 134, col. 197
  3. ^ a b Pauli Iovii Novocomensis Episcopi Nucerini Historiarum sui temporis (1552), p. 363
  4. ^ Hole, Abigail, Grosberg, Michael and Robinson, Daniel (2007). Tunisia. Lonely Planet, p. 101. ISBN 1740599209
  5. ^ J. Ferron, v. Clupea in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XIII, Paris 1956, coll. 174-176
  6. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, pp. 144–145
  7. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 465
  8. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 872

External links[edit]