Kellett Island

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Kellett Island with the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club buildings in 2011. A portion of the Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter is visible on the left of the picture.
View of Kellett Island, with Royal Hong Kong Club Building and Pier, in 1948.
Entrance of the Cross-Harbour Tunnel and land reclamation connecting Kellett Island (upper left) to Causeway Bay in the 1970s.
Kellett Island in 2004, viewed from the west. The Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club buildings are visible on the left, the entrance of the Cross-Harbour Tunnel is visible on the right, and the Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter in the background.

Kellett Island (Tang Lung Chau, 奇力島, also 燈籠洲 in Chinese; lit. "lantern island") is a former island of Victoria Harbour, off East Point in Hong Kong. It is now connected to Hong Kong Island at Causeway Bay following land reclamation in 1969.

Facilities[edit]

The main buildings of the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club are located on the former Kellett Island. The former island and the reclaimed land form the western boundary of the Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter. The southern entrance to the Cross-Harbour Tunnel is located on the Island.

History[edit]

The island was ceded to Britain together with Hong Kong Island. A small fort was built on it in 1841 for the protection of the eastern section of Victoria Harbour,[1] and a battery with three cannons was added in 1854.[2] The island was renamed in the 1860s (some sources mention 1842)[3] after the naval officer Sir Henry Kellett. Kellett Bay and Mount Kellett were also named after him.[4][5] After Kowloon Peninsula was ceded to Britain in 1860, the defense position of Kellett Island declined in importance, and it was used by British armed forces for ammunition and gunpowder storage.[3][2]

The island remained for the use of the Navy until 1938, when the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club, formerly located in North Point, moved to Kellett Island. The Clubhouse was built in 1939[2] on the foundations of the old Naval Powder Magazine.[6] The new premises were formally opened on October 26, 1940 by the then Acting Governor, Lieutenant General Sir E. F. Norton.[7]

After the fall of Hong Kong in 1941, occupying Japanese forces kept military supplies there, including fuel, gunpowder, artillery and ammunition.[8] After the War, the Yacht Club was reopened there on September 17, 1945.[6]

A causeway completed in 1952 was built to give access to the island by means other than water. Following reclamation work in the 1960s and the completion of the Cross Harbour Tunnel in 1972, Kellett Island was connected to Causeway Bay and its original outline disappeared, although the name remained.[6]

In October 1991, a pottery jar containing large quantity of Chinese copper coins was discovered at the island by The Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club. The coins were dated to Sui, Tang and Song dynasties (589-1279). The coins and the pottery jar were then handed over by the Club to the Antiquities and Monuments Office.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eitel, Ernest John (1895). Europe in China: the history of Hongkong from the beginning to the year 1882. Luzac & Co. p. 181. 
  2. ^ a b c Brief Information on Proposed Grade 3 Items. Item #737
  3. ^ a b Consultancy Agreement No. NEX/2213. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Study for Shatin to Central Link - Hung Hom to Admiralty Section. Chapter 4: Cultural Heritage and Appendix 4.1 Cultural Heritage Baseline Report, pp.4-10, 78. MTR Corporation Limited
  4. ^ Wordie, Jason (2002). Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. p. 141. ISBN 962-209-563-1. 
  5. ^ Yanne, Andrew; Heller, Gillis (2009). Signs of a Colonial Era. Hong Kong University Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-962-209-944-9. 
  6. ^ a b c History of the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club
  7. ^ England, Vaudine (1998). The Quest of Noel Croucher: Hong Kong's Quiet Philanthropist. Hong Kong University Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-962-209-473-4. 
  8. ^ Captions to intelligence drawings from the collection of Colonel Lindsay Ride, held by the Australian War Museum, on loan to LCSD
  9. ^ The Geographical Information System on Hong Kong Heritage
  10. ^ Kellett Island Site of Archaeological Interest

Coordinates: 22°17′03″N 114°10′56″E / 22.284153°N 114.182303°E / 22.284153; 114.182303