Frank Kelly Freas
|Frank Kelly Freas|
Kelly Freas on his 82nd birthday (2004)
|Born||Frank Kelly Freas
27 August 1922
Hornell, New York, USA
|Died||2 January 2005
West Hills, California, USA
|Pen name||Kelly Freas (occasional)|
|Genres||Fantasy, science fiction|
Frank Kelly Freas (27 August 1922 – 2 January 2005) was an American science fiction and fantasy artist with a career spanning more than 50 years. He was known as the "Dean of Science Fiction Artists" and he was the second artist inducted by the Science Fiction Hall of Fame.[a]
Early life, education, and personal life
Born in Hornell, New York, Freas (pronounced like "freeze") was the son of two photographers, and was raised in Canada. He was educated at Lafayette High School in Buffalo, where he received training from long-time art teacher Elizabeth Weiffenbach. He entered the United States Army Air Forces right out of high school (Crystal Beach, Ontario, Canada). He flew as camera man for reconnaissance in the South Pacific and painted bomber noses during World War II. He then worked for Curtis-Wright for a brief period, then went to study at The Art Institute of Pittsburgh and began to work in advertising. He married Pauline (Polly) Bussard in 1952; they had two children, Jacqui and Jerry. Polly died of cancer in January 1987. In 1988 he married (and is survived by) Dr. Laura Brodian.
The fantasy magazine Weird Tales published the first cover art by Freas on its November 1950 issue: "The Piper" illustrating "The Third Shadow" by H. Russell Wakefield. His second was a year later in the same magazine, followed by several Planet Stories or Weird Tales covers and interior illustrations for three Gnome Press books in 1952. With his illustrating career underway, he continued to devise unique and imaginative concepts for other fantasy and science fiction magazines of that period. In a field where airbrushing is common practice, paintings by Freas are notable for his use of bold brush strokes, and a study of his work reveals his experimentation with a wide variety of tools and techniques.
Over the next five decades, he created covers for hundreds of books and magazines (and much more interior artwork), notably Astounding Science Fiction both before and after its title change to Analog—indeed, from 1953 to 2003. He started at Mad magazine in February 1957 and by July 1958 was the magazine's new cover artist; he painted most of its covers until October 1962 (featuring the iconic character, Alfred E. Neuman). He also created cover illustrations for DAW, Signet, Ballantine Books, Avon, all 58 Laser Books (which are now collectors' items), and over 90 covers for Ace books alone. He was editor and artist for the first ten Starblaze books. He was a participant in one of the all-time great literary hoaxes, I, Libertine (Ballantine Books, 1956), along with Jean Shepherd, Ian Ballantine and Theodore Sturgeon, incorporating several hidden jokes and references into his cover painting for that book. That same year he drew cartoon illustrations for Bernard Shir-Cliff's The Wild Reader, also for Ballantine.
Freas was commissioned to paint the Skylab I insignia design and posters promoting the space program (used by NASA and now hanging in the Smithsonian Institution); pinup girls on bombers while in the United States Army Air Forces; comic book covers; the covers of the GURPS worldbooks Lensman and Planet Krishna; and many others, such as more than 500 saints' portraits for the Franciscans executed simultaneously with his portraits of Alfred E. Neuman ("What? Me Worry?") for Mad. He was very active in gaming and medical illustration. His cover of Queen's album News of the World (1977) was a pastiche of his much-admired sad robot cover illustrating Tom Godwin's "The Gulf Between" for Astounding Science Fiction (October 1953).
Freas published several collections of his art, frequently gave presentations, and his work appeared in numerous exhibitions. Among many he won the inaugural Hugo Award for Best Artist in 1955 and the next three conferred—in 1956, 1958, and 1959 under different names.[b] With six more in 1970 and 1972–76 he became the first person to receive any ten Hugo awards (he was nominated 20 times). No other artist in science fiction has consistently matched his record. His smooth and luminous images, amiable aliens and sexy women have become part of today's science fiction visual language.
Freas was twice a Guest of Honor at Worldcon, at Chicon IV in 1982 and at Torcon 3 in 2003, although a fall suffered shortly before the latter convention precluded him from attending.
Freas's achievements include the Doctor of Arts, Art Institute of Pittsburgh, December 2003. The Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted him in 2006, the second artist after Chesley Bonestell.[a]
- Hugo Awards (11): Hugo Award for Best Artist 1955–56, 1958–59, 1970, 1972–76; fifty-year Retrospective Hugo, 2001 (for 1950 work)
- Locus Awards (4), 1972–75, best artist
- Frank R. Paul Award, 1977
- Inkpot Award, 1979
- Edward E. Smith Memorial Award for Imaginative Fiction (the Skylark), 1981
- Rova Award, 1981
- Lensman Award, 1982
- Phoenix Award, 1982
- Los Angeles Science Fiction Society Service Award, 1983
- Neographics Award, 1985
- Daedalos Life Achievement Award, 1987
- Art Teacher Emeritus Award, 1988
- Best Professional, Media, International Fantasy Expo, 1989
- Chesley Awards (3): 1990 with Laura Freas, best 1989 cover illustration; 1994, artistic achievement; 2001, artistic achievement
- Numerous Science Fiction Art Show Awards
- National Association of Trade and Technical Schools National Hall of Fame, 1991
- AnLab (Analog magazine) Reader Polls, Best Cover, 1992 and 2001
- After inducting 36 fantasy and science fiction writers and editors from 1996 to 2004, the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame dropped "fantasy" and made non-literary contributors eligible. Chesley Bonestell inaugurated the "Art" category in 2005.
- There was no award for art on the 1957 WorldCon program. Thus in 1955–56 and 1958–59 Freas won the first four unified Hugo Awards for illustration, as the terminology changed from Artist to Outstanding Artist to Professional Artist. The only previous achievement awards at World Science Fiction Conventions recognized Interior and Cover illustration separately in 1953.
- "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VSC4-Z6Y : accessed 12 Feb 2013), Frank Kelly Freas, 2 January 2005; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
- Frank Kelly Freas at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB). Retrieved 2013-04-09. Select a title to see its linked publication history and general information. Select a particular edition (title) for more data at that level, such as a front cover image or linked contents.
- "Presenting the 2006 Hall of Fame Inductees". Press release 15 March 2006. Science Fiction Museum (sfhomeworld.org). Archived 2006-04-26. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
- Martin, Douglas (5 January 2005). "F. K. Freas, Who Drew the Devilish Face of Mad Magazine, Dies at 82". The New York Times.
- Vincent, Mal (21 May 2010). "Art fit for Queen", The Virginian-Pilot, p. E1. Convenience link.
- . Godwin, Tom. "The Gulf Between", Astounding Science Fiction, October 1953 (full text).[page needed]
- "Freas, Frank Kelly". The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Art Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
- "Science Fiction Hall of Fame". The Cohenside. 15 May 2006. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- Freas, Frank Kelly. Frank Kelly Freas: The Art of Science Fiction. Norfolk, Virginia: Donning, 1977.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frank Kelly Freas.|
- Biography and criticism
- Frank Kelly Freas obituary in The Guardian
- Frank Kelly Freas biography at the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame
- Bibliography and works
- Frank Kelly Freas at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Complete list of Freas' work for MAD Magazine
- Time Crime, by H. Beam Piper, illustrated by Freas, from Project Gutenberg
- Kelly Freas :: Pen & Paper RPG Database (Copy archived 2005-04-05)
- Kelly Freas at Library of Congress Authorities — with 17 catalog records