Kelly Johnson (guitarist)
|Birth name||Bernadette Jean Johnson|
|Born||20 June 1958
|Died||15 July 2007 (aged 49)|
|Genres||Heavy metal, rock|
|Occupations||Musician, guitarist, singer, songwriter, environmentalist, social worker|
|Instruments||Electric guitar, vocals, bass, piano|
|Labels||Bronze Records, Communiqué|
|Associated acts||Girlschool, World’s Cutest Killers|
|Website||Kelly Johnson tribute page|
|Gibson Les Paul Gold Top
Tiger striped Aria RS
Bernadette Jean "Kelly" Johnson (20 June 1958 – 15 July 2007) was an English guitarist, widely known in the UK in the early 1980s as the lead guitarist of the all-female British heavy metal band Girlschool.
Johnson started playing piano after her father when five years old and switched to guitar at twelve. She attended Edmonton County School in Edmonton, which is in North London, and part of the London Borough of Enfield, where she discovered rock music and played bass and piano in school bands. She went back to guitar and was already writing and playing her own material when she met her future bandmates at the age of 19. After her first encounter with Kim McAuliffe and Enid Williams in April 1978, she was immediately accepted in the ranks of the new band formed from the ashes of the group Painted Lady, which took the name of Girlschool.
Girlschool full-on raucous guitar playing, tousled, leather-clad looks (and what one reviewer described as "stiletto in the groin" attitude) soon won the band a cult following, giving them a high rank in the exploding New Wave of British Heavy Metal phenomenon, thanks also to their strong relationship with contemporaries Motörhead. Johnson and McAuliffe drinking bouts were otherwise memorable as much as their fast ascension to headliner band.
Johnson was a songwriter, playing lead guitar and singing both lead and backing vocals on the group's first four albums. She provided both a strong visual focus for the band with her tall figure and blonde hair and an excellent musical contribution with her trenchant guitar playing. The eminent rock guitarist Jeff Beck was quoted as saying he "couldn't believe it was a girl playing", a remark described by the DJ John Peel as the most sexist comment he had ever heard. On the other hand, Lemmy Kilmister, the leader of Motörhead, declared about Kelly Johnson that "the nights that she was really on, she was as good as Jeff Beck".
Girlschool didn’t take feminist positions, but the simple fact of being an all-female band in a genre dominated by male musicians and often by machismo and sexist attitudes was a statement in itself. Moreover, Johnson professed from the beginning of her career a strong sensibility to environmental themes, which was expressed in some of her songs. She became later an environmentalist, an activist for animal rights and also a vegetarian.
Girlschool had their best UK chart success in 1980 and 1981, with the EP St. Valentine's Day Massacre and the album Hit and Run, but their success soon declined and their approach to the US market with the album Play Dirty was not as successful as hoped. At the beginning of 1984, Johnson left the band. As Kim McAuliffe stated in 1997, "basically Kelly just got fed up with the whole thing (...) she wasn’t into heavy rock anymore".
Johnson immediately left England for Los Angeles, California, to start a new career and to live with Vicki Blue, former bassist of the American all-female band The Runaways, who was also her manager. In LA, she wrote her own music and recorded demos of mainstream rock with large use of synthesizers and electronic effects, but no label put her under contract. In 1987, she entered the rock band World’s Cutest Killers, which included on rhythm guitar and vocals former Painted Lady and The Go-Go's member Kathy Valentine. WCK changed their name to The Renegades and worked the local club circuit, but gained no record contract. Concluding her experience with this band after two years, she left music altogether to learn sign language and work with the deaf.
The pull of rock 'n' roll was too strong to keep Johnson away from her guitar for long and in 1993, after almost ten years in the USA, she returned to the UK to resume her role as lead guitarist of Girlschool for a much publicized reunion tour. She remained with the band and toured incessantly until 1999, when she was diagnosed with cancer. Even if she left active duty, Johnson remained strictly associated with Girlschool, playing the occasional gig, instructing her substitute Jackie Chambers and gathering photos and material for a band biography.
Johnson died on Sunday 15 July 2007, aged 49, after a six-year battle against spinal cancer. The fact she had this disease was not widely known outside her close circle of friends and even closer family. At Kelly’s memorial, her friend and former bandmate Tracey Lamb read the eulogy she had written for her:
|“||It doesn't shock or surprise me that there are so many of you here today for Kelly because Kelly touched all of our hearts with her love, friendship, her amazing persona and the way she inspired so many of us to take up or continue to play music. She was a true rock star, her agility on stage and when recording, her prolific song writing and strong delivery in every performance will always be remembered.||”|
During her first stint with Girlschool, Kelly Johnson used a 1980 Gibson Les Paul Gold Top guitar, modified with gold plated machine heads and DiMarzio pickups and an Ibanez Destroyer-II. She used Marshall 50 and 100 amplifiers and no pedals or effects. During her staying in Los Angeles, she used instead a tiger striped Aria RS guitar, which she continued to use in the 90s along with a Gibson SG.
- Demolition (1980)
- Hit and Run (1981)
- Screaming Blue Murder (1982)
- Play Dirty (1983)
- 21st Anniversary: Not That Innocent (2002)
- St. Valentine's Day Massacre (EP with Motörhead) (1981)
- Live and More (EP) (1982)
- Wildlife (EP) (1982)
- 1-2-3-4 Rock and Roll (EP) (1983)
- Girlschool Live (1995)
- King Biscuit Flower Hour Presents Girlschool (1997)
- Race with the Devil Live (1998)
- Race with the Devil (2002)
- Cheers You Lot! (1989)
- C'mon Let's Go (1991)
- The Collection (1991)
- The Best of Girlschool (1993)
- From the Vaults (1994)
- Emergency (1997)
- The Collection (2 CD) (1998)
- Can't Keep a Good Girl Down (1999)
- The Very Best of Girlschool (2002)
- Wild at Heart (2006)
- The Singles (2007)
- "Take It All Away / It Could Be Better" (1979)
- "Emergency / Furniture Fire" (1980)
- "Nothing to Lose / Baby Doll" (1980)
- "Race With The Devil / Take It All Away" (1980) UK #49
- "Yeah Right / The Hunter" (1980)
- "Hit And Run / Tonight" (1981) UK #32
- "C'Mon Let's Go / Tonight (live)" (1981) UK #42
- "Don't Call It Love / Wildlife" (1982)
- "20th Century Boy / Breaking All the Rules" (1983)
- "Burning in the Heat / Surrender" (1984)
- Forte, Dan (January 1989). "Kathy Valentine & Kelly Johnson - Girl Group Renegades". Guitar World. New York, NY: Harris Publications. p. 16.
- "Former pupils of Edmonton County School". Edmonton County School Old Scholars' Association. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
- Cooper, Neil (9 August 2007). "Kelly Johnson obituary". Herald Scotland. Newsquest. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- "Girlschool guitarist Kim McAuliffe". Fullinbloom.com. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Kelly Johnson obituary". Telegraph.co.uk. Broadsheet. 19 July 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- Kilmister, Ian and Garza, Janiss White Line Fever (2002) – Simon & Schuster pp. 126-128 ISBN 0-684-85868-1.
- Various (30 December 1982 1983). Female pin-up. "Kerrang!". Kerrang 1982 Poll Winners 32 (London, UK: Morgan Grampian). p. 5.
- Laing, Dave (23 July 2007). "Kelly Johnson obituary". Guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- Shelton, Robert (1982). "Girlschool". In Liz Thomson. New Women in Rock. Omnibus Press. pp. 62–63. ISBN 0-7119-0055-8.
- Lamb, Tracey (24 July 2007). "Kelly Johnson Eulogy". Girlschool official website. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- Graff, Gary (1997). King Biscuit Flower Hour Presents Girlschool (CD Sleeve). Girlschool. New York, NY: King Biscuit Flower Hour Records. 70710-88032-2.
- Dome, Malcolm (26 June 1986). "Kelly Johnson". Kerrang! 123. London, UK: United Magazines ltd. p. 41.
- Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Girlschool". MusicMight. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "World's Cutest Killers". Anne's Guitar Tab Archive. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Perrone, Pierre (23 July 2007). "Kelly Johnson obituary". The Independent. Independent Print ltd. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- "Kim and Kelly interview". Raw Power. YouTube. June 1993. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Kelly Johnson tribute". Lasting tribute.co.uk. 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- "Girlschool Interview with Jackie "Jax" Chambers". Morbidzine.com. 26 March 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- Ling, Dave (26 September 2007). "Members of GIRLSCHOOL perform at Tribute gig Aug 20th 2007". MySpace.com. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- B., G. (March 1984). "Kelly Johnson - Making music in a man's world". Guitar World. New York, NY: Harris Publications. p. 20.