|• Mayor||Mustafa Haznedar (AKP)|
|• Kaymakam||Fatih Kaya|
|• District||1,093.61 km2 (422.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,130 m (3,710 ft)|
|• District density||4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)|
The town is known for its historic architecture, including many Ottoman-era houses. It is also notable for its commanding view of the river Karasu (Euphrates) flowing south through a gorge above the Keban dam.
The British explorer Francis Rawdon Chesney followed the course of the Euphrates for a survey expedition between 1835 and 1837, and mentions Eğin as "a town of 2700 houses on the right bank". In comparison, he counts about 3000 houses in Erzincan and 2923 families in Malatya. Chesney describes Eğin's situation in a deep valley where the "mountains rise to about 4000 feet on each side of this singular fissure, which is so narrow that it is crossed by a bridge between lofty limestone precipices seeming to overhang the town and as it were to threaten its destruction." 
An Ottoman historian Vahakn Dadrian reports that in 1896, the town was evenly divided between Armenians and Muslims (Turks and Kurds). He says that Eğin was notable for its prosperity and had previously escaped the 1895–1896 Hamidian massacres through a ransom payment by the Armenians of 1500 Turkish gold pounds. However, British archaeologist David George Hogarth writing for the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica noted a massacre of Armenians in Eğin on November 8, 1895.
By 1911, Hogarth described Eğin as an important town in the Mamuretülaziz Vilayet "...picturesquely situated in a theatre of lofty, abrupt rocks, on the right bank of the western Euphrates, which is crossed by a wooden bridge. The stone houses stand in terraced gardens and orchards, and the streets are mere rock ladders."
On 21 October 1922, following the Turkish War of Independence, a decree was issued renaming Eğin as Kemaliye (and Selinti as Gazipaşa) in honor of Mustafa Kemal Pasha. The former name is still known and used locally and sometimes even beyond. Kemaliye was administered as part of Elazığ Province until 1926, and within Malatya Province between 1926 and 1938. In 1938 it was transferred to Erzincan Province.
Geography and Economy
The immediate region is defined by the steep contours of the Euphrates (Karasu) gorge. Agricultural land is scarce and industrial development has been modest. The most notable industries have been forestry products and, increasingly in recent years, tourism. The original features of many of the old houses in Kemaliye have been restored, and the town has begun to attract an increasing number of visitors. The section of the Euphrates flowing past Kemaliye has become a popular rafting route. Kemaliye retains a strong handicrafts-production industry, particularly in ironmongery. The town is also famous for its honey.
Kemaliye has traditionally been a source of emigrants, especially to Istanbul, creating ties to Turkey's former capital where certain crafts and trades, such as the meat industry, were reserved, sometimes by means of imperial decrees, for natives of Erzincan Province for centuries. The trend of emigration continues today, although thanks to improving general awareness of the town's natural and architectural attractions, assisted by the presence of sizable and active communities of natives abroad, there is an increasing movement of visitors towards Kemaliye as well.
- Hasan Basri Aktan (born 1952), politician; transport minister for Turkey (1999)
- Ahmet Cömert (1926-1990), Turkish boxer, coach, refree, boxing judge and sports official
- Enver Gökçe (born 1920), Turkish poet
- Sait Munzur (born 1959), Turkish cartoonist
- Doğu Perinçek (born 1942), Turkish politician
- Ahmet Kutsi Tecer (1901–1967), Turkish writer, poet and national figure (born in Jerusalem to a father from the village of Apçağa near Eğin)
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Playfair, James (1813), A System of Geography, Ancient and Modern 5, p. 136, retrieved 2 June 2011
- Chesney, Francis Rawdon (1850). The Expedition for the Survey of the Rivers Euphrates and Tigris. p. 42.
- Wilson, Charles William (1895). Handbook for Travellers in Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, Persia, Etc.. pp. 251–252.
- Dadrian, Vahakn N. (2003). The History of the Armenian Genocide. Berghahn Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-57181-666-6.
- Hogarth, David George (1911). "Egin". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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