Kemayoran Airport

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Kemayoran Airport
Luchthaven Kemajoran (Dutch), Bandar Udara Kemayoran (Indonesian)
IATA: JKTICAO: WIID
Summary
Airport type Public, Defunct
Location Jakarta, Indonesia
Elevation AMSL 12 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 06°08′50″S 106°51′00″E / 6.14722°S 106.85000°E / -6.14722; 106.85000Coordinates: 06°08′50″S 106°51′00″E / 6.14722°S 106.85000°E / -6.14722; 106.85000
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
3,100 m Asphalt concrete

Kemayoran Airport, also spelled Kemajoran Airport, was the principal airport for Jakarta, Indonesia, from 8 July 1940[1] until 31 March 1985,[2] when it was replaced by Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.[3] What was Kemayoran Airport is now located in two subdistricts: the southern part is located in the Kemayoran Subdistrict, (Central Jakarta) and the northern part is in Pademangan Subdistrict, (North Jakarta).

DC-8s of Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux, KLM and Japan Airlines flew to Kemayoran in the 1960s and early 1970s, as did Garuda Indonesia's Convair 990s.

In 1975, international flights were temporarily moved to Halim Perdanakusuma Air Force Base.[2]

Flight operations terminated on the night of March 31, 1985, and domestic flights were immediately transferred to Soekarno-Hatta Airport. The airport was briefly reactivated for the Kemayoran Air Show in 1996.

Following the airport's closure, the areas around what is then Kemayoran Airport is being developed with highrises. These changes transformed the area around Kemayoran Airport into a more metropolitan city. Consequently, cultural values such as the Betawi Culture was threatened.[2]

The location of the former airport has been a favorite subject in urban planning, on which the former runways have been converted into a wide boulevard, while the green areas around has been filled gradually into developments such as Jakarta International Exposition Center and Kotabaru Kemayoran Bandar Kemayoran. Several expansion projects have been abandoned however, due to the 1997 Asian financial crisis like Jakarta Tower and Pallazo Apartement.[4]

The remains of the control tower and main terminal still stands south of the JIE site, with a portion of the airport tarmac remaining in front of the terminal, as is the terminal's forecourt. Plans were in consideration to convert the former main terminal into a government office; this plan was apparently abandoned after 2003, as construction progress has stopped. The current government office stands next to the terminal. The site of the former control tower was once set for a residential property, with the tower itself torn down, but due to the 1997-98 financial crisis, has been largely abandoned.

Popular culture[edit]

Kemayoran Airport is the setting for the beginning of The Adventures of Tintin comic, Flight 714, by Hergé. Tintin and his friends, Captain Haddock, Professor Calculus, and Snowy, transit there for refueling stop on the way to Sydney, Australia.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemayoran Airport article on VIVAnews
  2. ^ a b c Fadli Arfan. Kemayoran Journal, first edition, March, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Soekarno-Hatta must be expanded to meet passenger demand." The Jakarta Post. Wednesday 1 September 2010. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "Starting operation in 1985, Soekarno-Hatta airport replaced Kemayoran airport in Central Jakarta and Halim Perdanakusuma airport in East Jakarta"
  4. ^ from adjiebrotot, people that live in Kemayoran