Kemi

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Kemi
Town
Kemin kaupunki
Kemi in July 2007
Kemi in July 2007
Coat of arms of Kemi
Coat of arms
Location of Kemi in Finland
Location of Kemi in Finland
Coordinates: 65°44′10″N 24°33′49″E / 65.73611°N 24.56361°E / 65.73611; 24.56361Coordinates: 65°44′10″N 24°33′49″E / 65.73611°N 24.56361°E / 65.73611; 24.56361
Country Finland
Region Lapland
Sub-region Kemi–Tornio sub-region
Charter 1869
Government
 • Town manager Ossi Repo
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 747.44 km2 (288.59 sq mi)
 • Land 95.34 km2 (36.81 sq mi)
 • Water 652.1 km2 (251.8 sq mi)
Area rank 165th largest in Finland
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 22,285
 • Rank 45th largest in Finland
 • Density 233.74/km2 (605.4/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 98% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 1.9%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 14.2%
 • 15 to 64 66.5%
 • 65 or older 19.3%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 94100
Municipal tax rate[5] 20.75%
Website www.kemi.fi

Kemi (Northern Sami: Giepma) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located very near the city of Tornio. It was founded in 1869 by royal decree, because of its proximity to a deep water harbour.

Kemi is situated by the Bothnian Bay, at the mouth of river Kemijoki, and it is part of Lapland region. The town has a population of 22,285 (31 January 2014)[2] and covers an area of 747.44 square kilometres (288.59 sq mi) of which 652.1 km2 (251.8 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 233.74 inhabitants per square kilometre (605.4 /sq mi).

The main economic activity in Kemi is centred on two large paper and woodpulp mills and on the only chromium mine in Europe (which supplies the Outokumpu ferrochrome plant in Tornio). A polytechnic university of applied sciences is also situated in Kemi.

Kemi also has a claim to fame as the home of the world's largest snow castle (reconstructed every year with a different architecture). The snowcastle is usually located at the inner harbour of Kemi.

The Crown designed for the King of Finland

A model of The Crown of Finland (original was never made for the King of Finland) is kept in the Gemstone gallery. There are also replicas like the Imperial State Crown of Great Britain; the Sceptre of the Czar of Russia; Orbs of Denmark and the Diamond necklace of Marie Antoinette among other things.

It's also the hometown of the power metal band Sonata Arctica.

World War II Hostage Crisis[edit]

During World War II, after Finland signed the Moscow Armistice and found itself involved in the Lapland War with its former German ally, German forces in the beginning of October 1944 captured 132 Finnish civilian hostages from Kemi (as well as 130 from Rovaniemi) and threatened to kill them unless the Finnish army released German POWs captured at the Battle of Tornio. However, the Finns refused to comply and threatened to retaliate by killing the German POWs. The hostages were released unharmed on October 11, 1944, near Rovaniemi.

Sights[edit]

Politics[edit]

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Kemi:

Economics[edit]

In April 2007, the city of Kemi laid off all of its municipal workers for 2 weeks due to the failing economy of the city. Spiraling specialist health care costs and a fleeting industry tax base are stated as the cause for the vote.[6] These are the most drastic temporary dismissals to take place in Finland since 2000.

Transportation[edit]

Kemi railway station is an intermediate station on the railway between Lapland and Helsinki. It is operated by VR. The junction of the Kolari and Rovaniemi lines lies to the north of Kemi station.

Finnish national road 4 and European routes E8 and E75 run through the town.

Kemi-Tornio Airport is located 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) north of Kemi city centre.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Kemi is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Northern city of Kemi to lay off all municipal workers for two weeks". Helsingin Sanomat – International Edition. Helsinki: Helsingin Sanomat Oy. 2007-04-24. Retrieved 7 January 2009. 
  7. ^ Bozsoki, Agnes. "Partnervárosok Névsora Partner és Testvérvárosok Névsora" [Partner and Twin Cities List]. City of Székesfehérvár (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]