Kemper Arena from Quality Hill
Kansas City, Missouri 64102
|Owner||City of Kansas City|
|Operator||City of Kansas City|
|Capacity||Concerts: 19,500 (1997–present)
Basketball: 18,344 (1997–present)
Ice Hockey: 17,647 (1997–present)
Soccer: 17,585 (1997–present)
|Broke ground||July 17, 1972|
|Opened||September 30, 1974|
|Construction cost||$23 million
($110 million in 2014 dollars)
|General contractor||J. E. Dunn Construction|
|Kansas City Scouts (NHL) (1974–1976)
Kansas City Kings (NBA) (1974–1985)
Kansas City Blues (CHL) (1976–1977)
Kansas City Red Wings (CHL) (1977–1979)
Kansas City Comets (MSL) (1981–1991)
Kansas City Blades (IHL) (1990–2001)
Kansas City Attack/Comets (NPSL/MISL) (1992–2005)
Kansas City Explorers (WTT) (1993–2001)
Kansas City Knights (ABA) (2000–2002)
Kansas City Outlaws (UHL) (2004–2005)
Kansas City Brigade (AFL) (2006–2007)
Kansas City Renegades (CPIFL) (2013)
It is named for R. Crosby Kemper Sr., a member of the powerful Kemper financial family who donated $3.2 million, from his estate for the arena. Its previous most recent tenant was the American Royal livestock show, which held its annual livestock show there until 2010, when it moved to the nearby Sprint Center.
Having been essentially supplanted by Sprint Center, which opened in 2007, plans were announced in 2011 to raze the arena and replace it with an Agricultural Events Center which would include a 5,000-seat coliseum. Kemper Arena temporarily reopened as the Kansas City Renegades of the Champions Professional Indoor Football League made the arena their home in 2013, but the team folded after the season ended.
- 1 History
- 2 College basketball
- 3 Other professional sports
- 4 Proposed razing
- 5 American Royal
- 6 Concerts
- 7 Facilities
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The original concept for the arena in 1972 was to replace the aging American Royal Arena just south of the new Arena that was used for animal shows. However city officials looking to attract a professional basketball and hockey team changed the scope to be a new state of the art arena.
Kemper Arena was built in 18 months in 1973–74 on the site of the former Kansas City Stockyards just west of downtown in the West Bottoms to replace the 8,000-seat Municipal Auditorium to play host to the city's professional basketball and hockey teams. The arena was the first major project of German architect Helmut Jahn who was to go on to become an important architect of his era.
The building was revolutionary in its simplicity and the fact it did not have interior columns obstructing views. Its roof is suspended by exterior steel trusses. The nearly windowless structure contrasts to Jahn's later signature style of providing wide open glass enclosed spaces. Kemper's exterior skeleton style was to be used extensively throughout Jahn's other projects.
The building cost $22 million and is owned by the city of Kansas City, Missouri. Financing came from seven sources:
- $5.6 million from general obligation bonds
- $3.2 million donated by R. Crosby Kemper Sr.
- $575,000 dollars from bond interest
- $1.5 million donated by the American Royal Association
- Land provided by the Kansas City Stockyards Company
- $10 million from revenue bonds in conjunction with the Jackson County Sports Authority
- $2 million in federal grants for street work
Glory days in the 1970s
The arena won architectural awards in the 1970s and had three very prominent tenants:
- 1974–1976—Kansas City Scouts of the NHL
- 1974–1985—Kansas City Kings of the NBA
- 1976 Republican National Convention (where Gerald Ford defeated Ronald Reagan for the nomination)
1979 roof collapse
On June 4, 1979, at 6:45 p.m., a major storm with 70 mph (110 km/h) winds and heavy rains caused a portion of Kemper Arena's roof to collapse. Since the arena was not in use at the time, no one was injured. The collapse—three years after the hall had hosted the 1976 Republican National Convention—along with another Kansas City structural failure—the 1981 Hyatt Regency walkway collapse—shocked the city and the architecture world.
The American Institute of Architects had given the building an "Honor" award in 1976 and thousands of its members were at its annual national conference there less than 24 hours before the 1979 collapse. Further, coupled with the January 18, 1978, collapse of the Hartford Civic Center from heavy snow in the early morning hours just after a University of Connecticut basketball game, this collapse prompted architects to seriously reconsider computer models used to determine the safety of arenas.
The arena was one of the first major projects by influential architect Helmut Jahn who was to take over the Murphy/Jahn firm founded by Charles Murphy. Steel trusses that hung from three huge portals supported the reinforced concrete roof. Design elements had called for compensating for winds that caused the roof to swing like a pendulum. The exterior skeleton design had been considered revolutionary in its simplicity (it was built in 18 months).
Two major factors came together on June 4, to cause the collapse.The first factor was that the roof had been designed to gradually release rainwater as the sewers in the West Bottoms could not adequately handle the rapid runoff because of the nearby confluence of the Missouri River and Kansas River. This caused the downpour to "pond" (where water fills in as the roof sagged) adding to the weight. The second factor was that there had been a miscalculation on the strength of the bolts on the hangers when subjected to the 70 mph (110 km/h) winds while supporting the additional rainwater weight as the roof swung back and forth. Once one of the bolts gave way there was a cascading failure on the south side of the roof. Although the bolts were enormous, the media was to make much of the fact that "one broken bolt caused the collapse."
Approximately one acre, or 200 ft (61 m) × 215 ft (66 m) of roof collapsed. The air pressure, increased by the rapidly falling roof, caused some of the walls to blow out. However, the portals remained undamaged. An investigation was conducted, and the issues were addressed and the arena reopened within a year.
1990s additions and renovations
Additional American Royal livestock buildings were built adjoining Kemper in 1991–92 at a cost of $33.4 million (the City of Kansas City built the original American Royal Arena in 1922 nearby for about $650,000)
In 1997, a $23 million expansion made significant changes to the original Jahn design—most notably a glass enclosed east lobby. Other changes include: 2,000 more seats, upgraded lower-level seating, four restrooms, and a handicapped entrance to the arena.
2007 opening of the new Sprint Center
In 2007, Sprint Center opened. Virtually all events moved to the new arena. The building was turned over to the American Royal for its annual October events.
In the 1980s the arena became famed for its basketball tournaments including:
- NCAA Men's Final Four in 1988
- NCAA Women's Final Four in 1998
- NCAA Regionals—in 1983, 1986, 1992 and 1995
- NCAA First and Second Rounds—in 1997, 2001 and 2004
- NAIA basketball tournament from 1975 to 1993
- Big Eight Conference Men's Basketball Tournament from 1977 to 1996
- Big 12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament from 1997–2002 and 2005
- Mid-Continent Conference men’s basketball tournament in 2003 and 2004
Allen Fieldhouse East
Kemper Arena has always had a special and close relationship with the University of Kansas Jayhawks men's basketball team. The team traditionally played at least one game a year in Kemper. As there are many Kansas alumni in the Kansas City metro area, and Kansas's usual home venue of Allen Fieldhouse is itself approximately 40 miles (64 km) away, the crowd favors the Jayhawks heavily. As a result, opposing coaches (notably Billy Tubbs, whose team lost the 1988 NCAA championship to Kansas there) have often referred to Kemper as "Allen Fieldhouse East".
The Jayhawks have compiled an 80–24 record at Kemper, including wins in the 1988 national championship game and the 1997, 1998 and 1999 Big 12 conference tournaments. With the opening of Sprint Center in 2007, Kansas moved its Kansas City games there. Kansas won its final game at Kemper Arena by a score of 68–58 over Toledo on December 9, 2006.
Other professional sports
- 1981–1991—Kansas City Comets of the Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL)
- 1992–2005—Kansas City Attack (later renamed the Kansas City Comets) of the National Professional Soccer League (NPSL) and current Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL)
- 1990–2001—Kansas City Blades, International Hockey League (1945–2001) (IHL)
- 2000–2005—Kansas City Knights of the American Basketball Association (21st century) (ABA)
- 2004–2005—Kansas City Outlaws of the United Hockey League (UHL)
- 2006–2007—Kansas City Brigade of the Arena Football League
- 2007—National Professional Paintball League (NPPL) makes its 4th stop of the 2007 season at Kemper. The event will be the first NPPL event held with a field indoors.
- 2013 Kansas City Renegades of the Champions Professional Indoor Football League (CPIFL)
1999 death of WWF performer Owen Hart and aftermath
On May 23, 1999, Kemper Arena hosted the WWF (now WWE) pay-per-view Over the Edge, where WWF superstar Owen Hart fell to his death from the rafters after attempting to descend while in his super hero gimmick of The Blue Blazer. A few months later, Owen's brother, Bret Hart and longtime friend Chris Benoit had a tribute match in honor of Owen at Kemper Arena on WCW Monday Nitro. In the arena on August 26, 1999, the WWF debuted their new show called SmackDown! on UPN.
On May 7, 2000 WCW Slamboree 2000 was held at Kemper Arena. This was two weeks short of one year after Owen Hart fell to his death in the same arena. The event featured a Ready to Rumble Cage match, and the danger of a fall was hyped as a selling point. After the match Chris Kanyon was thrown off the structure and WCW carried on as if he was paralyzed.
In July 2011, the American Royal announced that it was moving its rodeo—the biggest event of the American Royal—to Sprint Center, starting with the 2011 fall events. The announcement noted Sprint Center would be a bigger performers to the event, leaving the Kemper Arena without any major events. Three months later, American Royal and the Kemper family announced plans to raze the arena and replace it with the 5,000-seat purpose-built Agricultural Events Center to be designed by Populous to feature dirt events and space for animal stalls and an open-sided show ring. The American Royal building adjacent to Kemper Arena would remain. Cost was cited as the major reason for the razing, as it would cost Kansas City $40 million per year until 2046 to operate it and another $20 million to upgrade it, along with the fact that no city has successfully maintained two large arenas. The proposed site is proposed to be a centerpiece of the Animal Health Corridor initiative. Renderings of the new building shows the Hereford Association Bull being prominently used. The bull statue had been a Kansas City landmark on Quality Hill for more than 60 years.
The American Royal Association has hosted livestock events at Kemper Arena since it was first constructed. The Royal also helped pay for the original building. Its office is located in the building along with the American Royal Museum. The American Royal Association is home to the American Royal Horse Show, Livestock Show, and Rodeo and which hosts a six-week festival each October to November.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2011)|
The facilities are managed by AEG. Facilities in the complex include:
- Hale Arena—5,000 seat capacity (17,000 sq ft.)
- Kemper Arena—19,500 seat capacity
- The Governor’s Building—96,000 sq ft (8,900 m2).
- Lower Level Exhibition Hall—86,000 sq ft (8,000 m2).
- Upper Level Exhibition Hall—86,000 sq ft (8,000 m2).
- Wagstaff Theatre—450 seat capacity
- The American Royal Museum
- Scott Pavilion—permanent dirt floor animal warm up area
- West Bottoms Garage—995 spaces
- Six Surface Parking Lots—approximately 4,500 spaces
- Bicentennial Sundial and Time Capsule
- Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Dornbrook, James (August 23, 2012). "Kansas City Command bows out; new team forms in new league". Kansas City Business Journal. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
- Hawley, Brenna (October 25, 2011). "Proposal would raze Kemper Arena". Kansas City Business Journal. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
- NCAA Basketball—Toledo Rockets/Kansas Jayhawks Recap Saturday December 9, 2006—Yahoo! Sports
- Official website
- Danielle Cove Thesis "Structure: Form vs. Function" on collapse
- The Concert Database
|Events and tenants|
Municipal Auditorium & Omaha Civic Auditorium
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Kansas City Kings
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Kansas City Scouts
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Kansas City Brigade