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|History of Japan|
Kempo (建保) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Kenryaku and before Jōkyū. This period spanned the years from December 1213 through April 1219. The reigning emperor was Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇).
Change of era
- 1213 Kempo gannen (建保元年): The new era name was created because the previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kenryaku 3, on the 6th day of the 12th month of 1213.
Events of the Kempo era
- 1213 (Kempo 1, 1st day of the 1st month): There was an earthquake at Kamakura.
- 1213 (Kempo 1, 11th month): Fujiwara no Teika, also known as Fujiwara no Sadeie offered a collection of 8th century poems to Shogun Sanetomo. These poems were collectively known as the Man'yōshū.
- 1214 (Kempo 2, 2nd month): Shogun Sanetomo, having drunk too much sake, was feeling somewhat uncomfortable; and the Buddhist priest Eisai, who was the grand priest of the Jufuku-ji temple-complex, presented the shogun with an excellent tea, which restored his good health.
- 1214 (Kempo 2, 3rd month): The emperor went to Kasuga.
- 1214 (Kempo 2, 4th month): A group of militant priests living on Mt. Hiei set fire to the central temple structure at Enryaku-ji. The damage was repaired at the expense of Shogun Sanetomo.
- 1215 (Kempo 3, 1st month): Hōjō Tokimasa died at age 78 in the mountains of Izu province.
- 1215 (Kempo 3, 6th month): The well-known priest Eisai died at age 75; his remains were interred at the temple of Kennin-ji which he had founded in Kyoto.
- 1215 (Kempo 3, 8th-9th months): There were many, serial earthquakes in the Kamakura area.
- 1217 (Kempo 5, 8th-9th months): The emperor visited the Shrines at Hirano and at Ōharano near Kyoto.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kempo" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 507; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 230-238; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 341-343; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 221-223.
- Brown, p. 341.
- Titsingh, p. 231.
- Titsingh, p. 233.
- Titsingh, p. 254.
- Brown, Delmer and Ichiro Ishida. (1979). The Future and the Past: a translation and study of the 'Gukanshō', an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 5145872
- Kitagawa, Hiroshi and Bruce T. Tsuchida, eds. (1975). The Tale of the Heike. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press. 10-ISBN 4130870246/13-ISBN 9784130870245; 10-ISBN 4130870238/13-ISBN 9784130870238; 10-ISBN 0860081885/13-ISBN 9780860081883; 10-ISBN 0860081893/13-ISBN 9780860081890; OCLC 193064639
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0231049404/13-ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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