||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2014)|
Ken Hensley playing with Uriah Heep in 1977.
|Birth name||Kenneth William David Hensley|
24 August 1945 |
Plumstead, South East London, England
|Genres||Hard rock, progressive rock, art rock, soft rock, pop rock, heavy metal, southern rock, psychedelic rock|
|Occupations||Musician, singer-songwriter, producer|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, keyboards|
|Associated acts||Uriah Heep, Blackfoot, The Gods, Toe Fat|
|Alhambra Guitars, Hammond organ|
Kenneth William David Hensley (born 24 August 1945, Plumstead, South East London, England) is a keyboard player (especially Hammond organ), guitarist, singer, songwriter and producer best known for his work with Uriah Heep during the 1970s.
He wrote or co-wrote the majority of Uriah Heep's songs during this period, including the hit singles "Lady in Black" (on which he sang lead vocals), "Easy Livin'" and "Stealin'", as well as "Look at Yourself" and "Free Me".
Born in London, Hensley moved with his parents, three brothers and sister to Stevenage, Hertfordshire in 1945. He learned how to play guitar at the age of 12 from a Bert Weedon manual. His first gig was at The Mentmore Pen Factory, in Stevenage (September 1960). After that, he played with The Blue Notes, Ken and the Cousins and Kit and the Saracens (1962). In 1963, this band evolved into The Jimmy Brown Sound, and they recorded some now lost songs. At this time, Hensley's first "professional" opportunity almost came about: they were to back Ben E. King on a British visit, but it never happened.
In Early 1965, Hensley formed a band called The Gods, with the young guitarist Mick Taylor, well known later for his work with The Rolling Stones. Ken wrote most of the material, sang and played the Hammond B3 organ as the band already had the talented Mick Taylor on guitar. The Gods' line-up included, at one time or another, vocalist and guitar/bass player Greg Lake (later of King Crimson and Emerson, Lake & Palmer), bass player Paul Newton (later the first Uriah Heep bassist), drummer Lee Kerslake (later also of Heep), bassist John Glascock (later of Jethro Tull), and guitarist Joe Konas. In early 1968 they signed with Columbia Records and recorded two LPs and several singles. After that, Newton left the band to join Spice, an Essex-based band. Ken also played on a one-album side project of The Gods initially planned to become their 3rd album, but was recorded and eventually released in 1969/1970 under the moniker Head Machine's "Orgasm". The album was produced by David Paramor (producer of "The Gods") and both Hensley and Kerslake featured, along with John Glascock on bass, Brian Glascock on drums, and David Paramor on vocals, all under pseudonyms. Ken played mostly guitar again, as in the beginning of his career. Although Paramor was credited as composer, the songs bear many of Hensley's influences. The album was released before Hensley joined Toe Fat and might almost be considered a prototype for the harder side of his future work in Uriah Heep.
The band eventually split but Cliff Bennett, from Rebel Rouser, decided to move in a more "progressive" direction and asked The Gods guys to join him. Under the name Toe Fat they released two LPs, but only the first featured Ken.
Paul Newton asked Hensley (Christmas 1969) to join forces in Spice, as they were looking for a keyboard player to make their sound less bluesy and more progressive, in keeping with the current trend. In January 1970, Spice changed its name into Uriah Heep. Also in the line-up were guitarist Mick Box and vocalist David Byron. With Uriah Heep, Hensley found a place to develop and showcase his songwriting and lyrical abilities as well as his keyboard and guitar playing. Major success came, and Heep is now considered one of the UK's most legendary progressive rock bands. The band's classic line-up featured Hensley, Byron, Box, Kerslake and bassist Gary Thain, plus the management provided by Gerry Bron (Bronze Records). During his time with Heep (1970–1980), they recorded 13 studio albums, and the acclaimed live album "Uriah Heep Live – January 1973" along with many compilations and singles. Hensley also recorded his first two solo albums, "Proud Words on a Dusty Shelf" (1973) and "Eager To Please" (1975) during this time. He was supported mainly by Mark Clarke and Bugs Pemberton.
After the departure of bassist Gary Thain (who died in 1975) and vocalist David Byron, other musicians were brought into the Heep family: John Wetton (Family, King Crimson, Roxy Music, later of UK and Asia), Trevor Bolder (from Spiders From Mars, later of Wishbone Ash) and John Lawton (Lucifer's Friend), among others. The chemistry though, was unable to match that of the classic line-up.
In 1980 Hensley left the band, unhappy with the musical direction they had chosen. After trying to put a new band together in the UK (Shotgun), he later moved to the USA and played a few gigs in North America as The Ken Hensley Band. Around this time he released his third solo LP, "Free Spirit" (1980).
In 1982 Hensley joined Blackfoot, a hard rock Florida-based band. With them, he recorded two albums (1983's "Slogo" and 1984's "Vertical Smiles"). Although the group achieved some success, Hensley left after Bron informed him of Heep vocalist David Byron's sad death in 1985.
It was Hensley's 1989 guest appearance on W.A.S.P.'s The Headless Children album that led frontman Blackie Lawless to attempt to define what Hensley means to the rock'n'roll history by stating "Ken Hensley wrote the rule book for heavy metal keyboards as far as I'm concerned."
In 1994, From Time To Time, a collection of lost recordings, was released featuring rare songs recorded by Ken between 1971 and 1982, as well as some early versions of Heep's classic songs, played by Hensley and his room mates at that time, namely guitarist Paul Kossoff and drummer Simon Kirke (both of Free). Other musicians on the songs were bassist Boz Burrell (King Crimson and Bad Company), guitarist Mick Ralphs (Bad Company), drummers Ian Paice (Deep Purple, Whitesnake) and Kenney Jones (The Who), amongst others.
In 1999, Hensley's musical activities began to increase, besides his work with St. Louis Music. He recorded an album, "A Glimpse of Glory", together with his band Visible Faith. An eclectic collection of ballads and hard rock tunes, this album was hugely acclaimed by fans who were hungry for new material from Ken. Bud Martin engineered the Visible Faith album and was his chief engineer from 1996–1998.
During the fourth Uriah Heep Annual Convention in London, May 2000, plans were made for a one-off concert by the so-called "Hensley/Lawton Band". Ken was joined by former Heep singer John Lawton, their first public collaboration since John's departure from Heep in 1979. With them were Paul Newton (Heep's original bassist), and two members of John's band, Reuben Kane on lead guitar and Justin Shefford on drums. They played a sort of old Heep classics and some of Ken's solo songs to an amazed audience, and the concert was recorded for a proper CD release, followed by a tour in Europe culminating with a concert in Hamburg, Germany, featuring a full orchestra and a new rendition of Heep's old classic "Salisbury"!
This is definitely not the end of the story, since Hensley has been quite busy working on his solo career. "Running Blind", his first effort in 21 years, was released worldwide and followed by a world tour with his band called "Free Spirit", that included some incredible musicians: Dave Kilminster (guitar), Andy Pyle (bass) and Pete Riley (drums). Kilminster and Riley later also played in the Keith Emerson Band (Kilminster is part of Roger Waters band nowadays). He now plays regular annual shows at small venues in Scandinavia, such as the "Summer Party" in Fredrikstad, Norway, where he has been playing consecutive gigs every August for nearly six years.
After moving to Spain, Hensley kept his schedule busy and released "The Last Dance" (with new songs), "The Wizard's Diary" (Uriah Heep classics re-recorded in 2004) and "Cold Autumn Sunday" (Ken's solo songs re-recorded in 2005).
Featuring a number of special guests, the rock opera "Blood on the Highway" was recorded at the end of 2006 and released in May 2007. The story portrays the rise and fall of a rock'n'roll star and the eventual restart. The lead vocals role was split between Ken himself, plus Glenn Hughes (ex-Deep Purple, Trapeze, Black Sabbath), Jorn Lande (ex-The Snakes, Masterplan), John Lawton (ex-Lucifer's Friend, Uriah Heep) and Eve Gallagher.
In September 2008, Ken Hensley joined the stage again with John Lawton, Lee Kerslake and Paul Newton, all of Uriah Heep fame plus the addition of ex-Focus guitarist Jan Dumée, for the "Heepvention 2008" fans meeting. Two shows with one acoustic one day and a full set the day after set the standard for Uriah Heep's music through two decades.
Not even considering stopping, Hensely continued to write and record a series of ground-breaking new albums, beginning with the spell-binding collection of songs under the title of Love & Other Mysteries, recorded near his home in Spain and followed in 2011 by Faster his first studio recording of new songs with his live band, Live Fire. Tour followed tour but the inspiration for new songs kept coming. A CD of one of his solo concerts was released by Cherry Red Records in April 2013, this to be followed on 24 June this year by a live CD recorded with Live Fire during a September/October tour. Just to complete the cycle of three album release in a single year, Trouble, an album of 10 new songs recorded with a revised LIVE FIRE line-up will be released, again by Cherry Red, in early September. Meanwhile the tours continue and will see Ken solo in Japan, Russia and other countries plus shows in all of Europe and Scandinavia with Live Fire.
Bands and guest appearances
- The Gods (1965–1969) – lead vocals, keyboards, occasional guitar
- Head Machine (1969) – lead vocals, keyboards, guitars (This was a one-album project put together by a producer.)
- Toe Fat (1969) – keyboards, backing vocals, occasional guitar
- Weed (1971) – lead vocals, keyboards, guitars (A one-album side project for Hensley. The other musicians playing on the album are thought to have been from a German band called Virus.)
- Uriah Heep (1970–1980) – keyboards, backing and occasional lead vocals, acoustic and slide guitar, primary songwriter
- Shotgun (1981) – lead vocals, keyboards, guitars
- Ken Hensley Band (1981) – lead vocals, keyboards, guitars
- Blackfoot (1982–1985) – keyboards, backing vocals, slide guitar
- W.A.S.P. (The Headless Children, 1989) – keyboards
- Cinderella (Heartbreak Station, 1990) – hammond organ
- Ken Hensley & Visible Faith (1999) – lead vocals, keyboards, guitars
- Bruce Cameron (Midnight Daydream, 1999) – keyboards
- Hensley/Lawton Band (2000–2001) – keyboards, guitars, lead and backing vocals
- Ken Hensley/John Wetton (2001) – keyboards, guitars, lead and backing vocals
- Ken Hensley & Free Spirit (2002) – keyboards, guitars, lead vocals
- Ayreon (2004) – hammond solo on "Loser" from the album The Human Equation
- Ken Hensley & The Viking All-Stars Band (2005) – keyboards, guitars, lead vocals
- Ken Hensley & Live Fire (2006–present) – keyboards, guitars, lead vocals
- Therion (2007) – hammond solo on "Trul" from the album Gothic Kabbalah
- Toni Rowland (Unfolding, 2010) – keyboards, guitars, producer
- B.T.R. (2008) – keyboards, guitars, lead and backing vocals (The Bulgarian hard rock band played with Hensley on a few occasions most of which also included John Lawton.)
- Sunrize (2011) – Touring together with the Bulgarian rock band Sunrize during their "Rock on the Rocks tour 2011".
- Proud Words on a Dusty Shelf (1973)
- Eager To Please (1975)
- Free Spirit (1980)
- The Best of Ken Hensley (1990)
- From Time To Time (1994)
- A Glimpse of Glory (1999)
- Ken Hensley Anthology (compilation, 2000)
- Running Blind (2002)
- The Last Dance (2003)
- The Wizard's Diary Vol. 1 (compilation, CD/DVD, 2004)
- Cold Autumn Sunday (2005)
- Elements – Anthology 1968 To 2005 (compilation, 2006)
- Inside The Mystery (compilation, 2006)
- Blood on the Highway (2007)
- Live Fire (DVD, 2007)
- Blood on the Highway – Release Concert (DVD, 2008)
- Love & Other Mysteries (May 2012)
- Live Tales (live, April 2013)
With Uriah Heep
- ...Very 'Eavy ...Very 'Umble (1970)
- Salisbury (1971)
- Look at Yourself (1971)
- Demons And Wizards (1972)
- The Magician's Birthday (1972)
- Uriah Heep Live (live, 1973)
- Sweet Freedom (1973)
- Wonderworld (1974)
- Return To Fantasy (1975)
- The Best of Uriah Heep (compilation, 1975)
- High And Mighty (1976)
- Firefly (1977)
- Innocent Victim (1977)
- Fallen Angel (1978)
- Conquest (1980)
- Live at Shepperton '74 (live, 1986)
- Live in Europe 1979 (live, 1986)
- Still 'Eavy Still Proud (compilation, 1990)
- Rarities From The Bronze Age (compilation, 1991)
- The Lansdowne Tapes (1993)
- A Time of Revelation (1996)
- Live in San Diego 1974 (live, 1997)
- Chapter & Verse – The Uriah Heep Story (compilation, 2005)
With The Gods
- Genesis (1968)
- To Samuel A Son (1969)
- The Gods Featuring Ken Hensley (1976)
With Head Machine
- Orgasm (1969)
With Toe Fat
- Toe Fat (1970)
- Weed...! (1971)
With John Lawton
- The Return (live, 2001)
- Salisbury Live (live, 2001)
With John Wetton
- More Than Conquerors (live, 2002)
- One Way Or Another (live, 2002)
With Ken Hensley & Live Fire
- Faster (2011)
- Live Fire LIVE (live, June 2013)
- Trouble (October 2013)
- Uriah Heep – 10 Jahre Rockmusik, Markus Ott and Ken Hensley (1980)
- When Too Many Dreams Come True – The Ken Hensley Story (2006)
- Ankeny, Jason. "Biography: Ken Hensley". AMG. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- Dave Ling. Uriah Heep – Uncensored on the Record. Books.google.com. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Una leyenda del rock en el corazón de Alicante | Alicante". elmundo.es. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Cherry Red Records – Ken Hensley, Love & Other Mysteries, Antenna/Esoteric Records". Cherryred.co.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ken Hensley.|
- Ken Hensley official website
- Official website for pre-1986 Uriah Heep
- Uriah Heep official website
- Uriah Heep France
- Official US Uriah Heep fan website
- "England's Own Uriah Heep" fan website
- Netherlands Uriah Heep fan website
- A biography
- Interview with Ken Hensley October 2011
- Toni Rowland Official Website