|Real name||Kenneth Howard Norton|
|Nickname(s)||"The Black Hercules"
"The Jaw Breaker"
"The Fighting Marine"
|Height||6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)|
|Reach||80 in (203 cm)|
August 9, 1943|
Jacksonville, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||September 18, 2013
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
|Wins by KO||33|
Kenneth Howard "Ken" Norton, Sr. (August 9, 1943 – September 18, 2013) was an American heavyweight boxer. He is a former WBC world heavyweight champion. Norton fought in one of the strongest heavyweight boxing scenes in history. He fought many top fighters during his career. Norton was known for his unconventional cross-arm style defence, which made him an awkward and frustrating opponent to face. He is most famous for his trilogy of fights with Muhammad Ali and for his classic battle with Larry Holmes. He defeated Ali in their first bout by fifteen round split-decision, a fight in which Norton famously broke Ali's jaw. The fight was later dubbed "The Jawbreaker".
He died at a care facility in Las Vegas, Nevada on September 18, 2013.
- 1 Notable Fights
- 2 Early years
- 3 Boxing career
- 4 Later media career
- 5 Family
- 6 Death
- 7 Professional boxing record
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- Muhammad Ali - W. SD 12 (Mar 1973)
- Muhammad Ali - L. SD 12 (Sep 1973)
- George Foreman - L. TKO 2 (Mar 1974)
- Jerry Quarry - W. TKO 5 (Mar 1975)
- Muhammad Ali - L. UD 15 (Sep 1976)
- Jimmy Young - W. SD 15 (Nov 1977)
- Larry Holmes - L. SD 15 (Jun 1978)
- Earnie Shavers - L. KO 1 (Mar 1979)
- Randall Cobb - W. SD 10 (Nov 1980)
- Gerry Cooney - L. TKO 1 (May 1981)
Norton was an outstanding athlete at Jacksonville High School. He was a member of the state championship football team and was selected to the all-state team on defense as a senior in 1960. His track coach entered him in eight events, and Norton placed first in seven of them. As a result, the "Ken Norton Rule," which limits participation of an athlete to a maximum of four track and field events, was instituted in Illinois high school sports. After graduating from high school, Norton went to Northeast Missouri State University (now Truman State University) on a football scholarship and studied elementary education.
Norton started boxing when he was in the United States Marine Corps from 1963 to 1967, compiling a 24–2 record en route to three All-Marine Heavyweight titles. In time, Ken became the best boxer to ever fight for the Marines, and was awarded the North Carolina AAU Golden Gloves, International AAU and Pan American titles.  Following the National AAU finals in 1967, he turned professional.
Norton built up a steady string of wins, some against journeyman fighters and others over fringe contenders like the giant Jack O'Halloran. He was learning and improving. But he suffered a surprise defeat, ironically just after The Ring magazine had profiled him as a prospect, at the hands of Venezuelan boxer Jose Luis Garcia in 1970. It was Garcia's career peak.
Norton was given the motivational book Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill, which, as he states in his autobiography, Going the Distance, changed his life (Norton, et al., 2000, p. 46). Upon reading it, he went on a 14-fight winning streak, including a shocking victory over Muhammad Ali in 1973 to win the North American Boxing Federation heavyweight champion title. To quote Norton from his autobiography noted above, "These words (from Napoleon Hill's Think and Grow Rich) were the final inspiration in my victory over Ali: Life's battles don't always go to the stronger or faster man, but sooner or later the man who wins is the man who thinks he can."
An article which appeared in The Southeast Missourian discussed that Norton credited Napoleon Hill's philosophy for his success. To quote from the article, "Norton says he's a believer in Napoleon Hill's philosophy, that a person can do anything he puts his mind to. 'So I train for my fights,' he says, 'mentally as well as physically. One thing I do is only watch films of the fights in which I've done well or in which my opponent has done poorly.'"
Ken Norton once said, "In boxing, and in all of life, nobody should ever stop learning!"
Versus Ali, first & second fight
'Name' opponents were elusive in Norton's early career. His first big break came with a clear win over respected contender Henry Clark. This helped get him his world recognition break when Ali agreed to a match. Joe Frazier, who'd sparred with Norton, presciently said of Ali, "He'll have plenty of trouble!" Though both were top boxers in the mid 1970s, Norton and Frazier never fought each other, in part because they shared the same trainer, Eddie Futch.
On March 31, 1973, Muhammad Ali entered the ring at the San Diego Sports Arena wearing a robe given to him by Elvis Presley as a 5-1 favorite versus Ken Norton in a bout televised by ABC's Wide World of Sports. Norton won a 12-round split decision over Ali in his adopted hometown of San Diego to win the NABF heavyweight title. In this bout, Norton broke Ali's jaw (he maintains in round eleven, though Angelo Dundee said it was earlier), leading to only the second defeat for "The Greatest" in his career. (Ali's only previous loss was to Joe Frazier, and Ali would later go on to defeat George Foreman to regain the heavyweight title in 1974.)
Almost six months later, at The Forum in Inglewood, California, on September 10, 1973, Ali avenged the Norton loss, but only just, when he got the return by a split decision. Norton weighed in at 205 lbs (5 pounds lighter than his first match with Ali) and boxing scribes discussed that his preparation was too intense and that perhaps he had overtrained. There were some furious exchanges in this hard-fought battle. From Ali's point of view, a loss here would have seriously dented his claim of ever being "The Greatest."
Championship challenge against Foreman
In 1974, Norton fought George Foreman for the World Heavyweight Championship but was stopped in two rounds at Poliedro of Caracas, Venezuela. After an even first round, Foreman staggered Norton with an uppercut a minute into round two, buckling him into the ropes. Norton did not hit the canvas, but continued on wobbly legs, clearly not having recovered, and shortly he went down a further two times in quick succession, with the referee intervening and stopping the fight. This fight would became known as the "Caracas Caper".
In 1975, Norton regained the NABF heavyweight title when he impressively defeated Jerry Quarry by TKO in the fifth round. Norton then avenged his above-mentioned 1970 loss to Jose Luis Garcia by decisively knocking out Garcia in round five.
Third Ali match
On September 28, 1976, at Yankee Stadium in New York City, Norton would again fight Ali, who was now the world heavyweight champion since regaining the title with an eighth-round knockout of George Foreman in 1974. Many observers have felt this was the beginning of Ali's decline as a boxer. It was a tough bruising battle for Ali. In one of the most disputed fights in history, the fight was even on the judges' scorecards going into the final round, which Ali won on both the referee's and judges' scorecards to retain the world heavyweight championship. The judges scored the bout 8-7 for Ali, and the referee scored it 8-6 for Ali. At the end of the last round, the commentator announced he would be "very surprised" if Norton has not won the fight.
At the time of the third Ali-Norton bout, the last time a heavyweight champion had lost the title by decision was Max Baer to Jim Braddock 41 years earlier, and Ali-Norton III did not set a new marker. The January 1998 issue of Boxing Monthly listed Ali-Norton as the fifth most disputed title fight decision in boxing history. The unofficial UPI scorecard was 8-7 for Norton, and the unofficial AP scorecard was 9-6 for Ali.
But Ali had received a pounding. His tactics were to try to push Norton back, but they had failed. He'd refused to 'dance' until the 11th when in sheer desperation, although the crowd massively roared its appreciation. Norton has said the third fight with Ali was the last boxing match for which he was fully motivated, owing to his disappointment at having lost a fight he believed he had clearly won.
Aftermath: Norton becomes champion
1977 was a top year for Norton. He knocked out previously unbeaten top prospect Duane Bobick in one round, and after dispatching European title holder Lorenzo Zannon easily, he beat number two contender Jimmy Young (who himself had beaten George Foreman and Ron Lyle) in a 15-round split decision in a WBC big mandatory title-elimination fight, with the winner to face reigning WBC champion Ali, but Ali's camp told Ring Magazine they did not want to fight Norton for a fourth time. Both boxers fought a smart fight; however, observers thought the decision controversial.
Plans, however, changed on February 15, 1978. On that night, in front of a nationwide television audience, Ali lost his title to Leon Spinks. The WBC then ordered a match between the new champion and its number one contender, but Spinks chose instead to give the fallen champion the first shot at taking his title rather than face the still dangerous Norton. The WBC responded on March 18, 1978, by retroactively giving title fight status to Norton's victory over Young the year before and awarded Norton their championship, which split the heavyweight championship for the first time since Jimmy Ellis and Joe Frazier were both recognized as champions in the early 1970s.
Larry Holmes title fight
In his first defense of the WBC title on June 9, 1978, Norton and new #1 contender Larry Holmes met in a classic fight. After 15 brutal rounds, Holmes was awarded the title via an extremely close split decision. The three judges' cards were as follows: 143-142 for Holmes, 143-142 for Holmes, and 143-142 for Norton. The Associated Press scored it 143-142 for Norton. The March 2001 edition of The Ring magazine listed the final round of the Holmes-Norton bout as the 7th most exciting round in boxing history. As noted above, Holmes-Norton is ranked as the 10th greatest heavyweight fight of all time by Monte D. Cox, a member of the International Boxing Research Organization (IBRO). Holmes went on to become the third-longest reigning world heavyweight champion in the history of boxing, behind Joe Louis and Wladimir Klitschko. Years later, Holmes wrote of his experience that this was his toughest match in over 70 contests.
After losing to Holmes, Norton won his next fight by knockout over sixth-ranked Randy Stephens in 1978 before taking on Earnie Shavers in another compulsory. WBC title eliminator fight in Las Vegas on March 23, 1979. It appeared for the first time that Norton's career had perhaps hit a decline, as Shavers took the former champion out in the first round (Norton's peak was 1973-1978.) Then, in his next fight, he fought to a draw with future contender Scott LeDoux at the Met Center in Minneapolis. Norton carried the day until sustaining an injury when he took a thumb in the eye in the eighth round, which immediately changed the bout. LeDoux rallied from that point and Norton became decidedly fatigued. Norton was down two times in the final round, resulting in the draw; Norton fell behind on one scorecard, kept his lead on the second, and dropped to even on the third (the unofficial AP scorecard was 5-3-2 Norton).
After the fight, Norton decided that at 37 it was time to retire from boxing. However, not satisfied with the way he had gone out, Norton returned to the ring to face the undefeated Randall "Tex" Cobb in Cobb's home state of Texas on November 7, 1980. In a back-and-forth fight, Norton escaped with a split decision, with referee Tony Perez and judge Chuck Hassett voting in his favor and judge Arlen Bynum giving the fight to Cobb.
The win over the title contending Cobb gave Norton another shot at a potential title fight, and on May 11, 1981. at Madison Square Garden he stepped into the ring with top contender Gerry Cooney, who like Cobb was undefeated entering the fight. Very early in the fight it became clear that Norton was no longer the caliber of fighter he once was, as Cooney's first punch caused Norton's legs to buckle. Norton continued to take shots from Cooney in his corner for nearly a full minute before Perez, who refereed his last fight, stepped in to stop the bout 54 seconds in, as Norton was slumped in his corner. Norton decided to retire following the match and turned his attention to charitable pursuits. Norton's enduring legacy as a fighter is that he is considered second to Joe Frazier as Ali's main nemesis and toughest opponent. Norton fought Ali to three decisions and was never hurt or knocked down. All three bouts were close and subject to controversy. Unfortunately, Norton was less successful against three of the greatest punchers of all time, losing by KO to Foreman and Shavers and by TKO to Cooney. Norton was considered past his prime in boxing from 1979 to 1981.
Awards and recognitions
Ken Norton is a 1989 inductee of the World Boxing Hall of Fame, a 1992 inductee of the International Boxing Hall Of Fame, a 2004 inductee into the United States Marine Corps Sports Hall of Fame, and a 2008 inductee into the WBC Hall of Fame.
The 1998 holiday issue of The Ring ranked Norton #22 among "The 50 Greatest Heavyweights of All Time." Norton received the Boxing Writers Association of America J. Niel trophy for "Fighter of the Year" in 1977.
Norton, a proponent of motivational author Napoleon Hill's writings  (e.g. Think and Grow Rich  as noted above and Success Through A Positive Mental Attitude  by Hill and W. Clement Stone) also received the "Napoleon Hill Award" for positive thinking in 1973 (Norton, et al., 2000, p. 46).
In 2001, Norton was inducted by the San Diego Hall of Champions into the Breitbard Hall of Fame honoring San Diego's finest athletes both on and off the playing surface. Norton was also inducted into the Marine Corp Hall of Fame in 2004 and into the California Sports Hall of Fame in 2011. 
Norton was a forward, pressing fighter/boxer who was notable for his unusual guard/stance characterised by arms held crosswise. The left arm low across the torso and right hand up by the right or left ear. But when under heavy pressure both arms were brought up high across at face level whilst one leant forward. This left the opponent little target in theory. The guard was also used by the legendary Archie Moore. George Foreman later used it very effectively during his famous comeback years. Tim Witherspoon was another practitioner. Joe Frazier even borrowed it for occasions in his third Ali match. The style is named the "cross-armed defense". It tends to look crablike. Norton would bob and weave from a crouch firing well placed heavy punches. Norton was best when advancing. He'd drag or slide the right foot along from behind. By comparison, most conventional boxers have elbows in at the torso with forearms vertically parallel to each another. The gloves then being both near sides of the face. Most trainers believe the conventional style is a better defence and that the cross-arm style leaves the user open far too often.
But Norton's style was in itself fascinating. He gave Ali more trouble than anyone else in history over three contests - no small feat by any standard. He could, as they say in the trade, 'box' or 'fight'. Norton was never fazed by Ali's various famous tactics like clinching or rope-a-dope. In fact, Ali usually found rope-a-dope a particularly unpleasant experience with Norton, as Ken would get many punches through. He seemed to have a unique ability here. Then Ali's famous clinching and holding or launching sharp shots from a distance were all for various reasons not as effective as when Ali fought Frazier, the only other man he fought three times.
Angelo Dundee wrote that Ken's best punch was the left hook. Many others lauded his infamous overhand right. In a Ring Magazine article, Norton himself said that a right uppercut to Jerry Quarry was the hardest blow he recalled landing.
Unlike many boxers, Norton would often not attempt to stare down an opponent while announcements were made before the match started. Instead, he'd often look down at the floor and gather his thoughts. He was also widely noted for his fine athletic build.
Later media career
During the height of his boxing career, Norton started to appear in feature films. After two uncredited appearances in the early 1970s, he played the title characters in the 1975 film Mandingo and the 1976 film Drum. Norton played characters in nine motion pictures, and also appeared as himself in a number of documentaries and television films.
Norton additionally worked as a television and radio sports commentator and appeared in popular TV series, such as jailbird "Jackhammer" Jackson in "Pros and Cons", an early first-season episode of The A-Team (filmed 1982, broadcast 1983), and as boxer Bo Keeler in the fourth season Knight Rider episode "Redemption of a Champion" (1986). Norton also appeared on the Superstars sports competition on ABC TV (1976) and was a member of the Sports Illustrated Speakers Bureau. The character of "Apollo Creed" in Rocky was initially going to be played by Norton. However, when he pulled out, Carl Weathers was selected.
He appeared along with Ali, Foreman, Frazier and Holmes in a video, Champions Forever, discussing their best times, and in 2000 he published his autobiography, Going the Distance (ISBN 1-58261-225-0).
Ken Norton was twice voted "Father of the Year" by the Los Angeles Sentinel and the Los Angeles Times in 1977. To quote Norton from his biography, Believe: Journey From Jacksonville: "Of all the titles that I've been privileged to have, the title of 'dad' has always been the best." 
His son, Ken Norton Jr, played football at UCLA and had a long successful career in the NFL. In tribute to his father's boxing career, Ken Jr. would strike a boxing stance in the end zone each time he scored a defensive touchdown and throw a punching combination at the goalpost pad. He is now the linebackers' coach for the Seattle Seahawks.
Norton died at a care facility in Las Vegas, Nevada on September 18, 2013. He was 70 years old and had suffered a series of strokes in later life. Across the boxing world tributes were paid, with George Foreman calling him "the fairest of them all" and Larry Holmes saying that he "will be incredibly missed in the boxing world and by many".
Professional boxing record
|42 Wins (33 knockouts), 7 Losses, 1 Draw |
|Loss||42-7-1||Gerry Cooney||TKO||1 (10)||11/05/1981||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States|
|Win||42-6-1||Randall Cobb||SD||10||07/11/1980||HemisFair Arena, San Antonio, Texas, United States||Prior the Norton-Cobb matchup, Cobb beat Earnie Shavers by TKO in 8ht on August 2, 1980. Incidentally, Ken Norton was the Color Analyst for the TV broadcast of the Cobb-Shavers fight.|
|Draw||41-6-1||Scott LeDoux||PTS||10||19/08/1979||Metropolitan Sports Center, Bloomington, Minnesota, United States||Norton was knocked down twice in round 10.|
|Loss||41–6||Earnie Shavers||KO||1 (12)||23/03/1979||Hilton Hotel, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States|
|Win||41–5||Randy Stephens||KO||3 (10)||10/11/1978||Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States||Norton hit Stephens with a good shot in the 3rd round that staggered him.|
|Loss||40–5||Larry Holmes||SD||15||09/06/1978||Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States||Lost WBC Heavyweight title. Norton was late in his prime for his first title defense vs. Holmes, who was early in his peak.|
|Win||40–4||Jimmy Young||SD||15||05/11/1977||Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States||Eliminator for WBC Heavyweight title. Shortly after this fight, Norton was awarded the WBC title as Leon Spinks signed to fight Muhammad Ali in a rematch instead of WBC #1 ranked Norton.|
|Win||39–4||Lorenzo Zanon||KO||5 (10)||14/09/1977||Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States|
|Win||38–4||Duane Bobick||TKO||1 (12)||11/05/1977||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States|
|Loss||37–4||Muhammad Ali||UD||15||28/09/1976||Yankee Stadium, Bronx, New York, United States||For WBC & WBA Heavyweight titles.|
|Win||37–3||Larry Middleton||TKO||10 (10)||10/07/1976||Sports Arena, San Diego, California, United States||This fight was billed as "The Battle of the Jaw Breakers" as Middleton had broken Joe Bugner's jaw and Norton had broken Muhammed Ali's jaw.|
|Win||36–3||Ron Stander||TKO||5 (12)||30/04/1976||Capital Centre, Landover, Maryland, United States|
|Win||35–3||Pedro Lovell||TKO||5 (10)||10/01/1976||Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States|
|Win||34–3||Jose Luis Garcia||KO||5 (10)||14/08/1975||Civic Center, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States||Garcia was knocked down once in the 3rd, 4th, and 5th rounds.|
|Win||33–3||Jerry Quarry||TKO||5 (12)||24/03/1975||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York, United States||Won vacant NABF Heavyweight title. Title had been vacated by Muhammad Ali.|
|Win||32–3||Rico Brooks||KO||1 (10)||04/03/1975||Red Carpet Inn, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States|
|Win||31–3||Boone Kirkman||RTD||7 (10)||25/06/1974||Seattle Center Coliseum, Seattle, Washington, Washington, United States||Kirkman was knocked down in the 7th, and did not answer the bell for the 8th round.|
|Loss||30–3||George Foreman||TKO||2 (15)||26/03/1974||El Poliedro, Caracas, Venezuela||For WBC & WBA Heavyweight titles. Norton down three times. This fight would became known as the "Caracas Caper".|
|Loss||30–2||Muhammad Ali||SD||12||10/09/1973||Forum, Inglewood, California, United States||Lost NABF Heavyweight title.|
|Win||30–1||Muhammad Ali||SD||12||31/03/1973||Sports Arena, San Diego, California, United States||Won NABF Heavyweight title. Ali suffered a broken jaw during this bout. There were no knockdowns.|
|Win||29–1||Charlie Reno||UD||10||13/12/1972||San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||28–1||Henry Clark||KO||9 (10)||21/11/1972||Sahara Tahoe Hotel, Stateline, Nevada, United States|
|Win||27–1||James J. Woody||TKO||8 (10)||30/06/1972||San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||26–1||Herschel Jacobs||UD||10||05/06/1972||San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||25–1||Jack O'Halloran||UD||10||17/03/1972||Coliseum, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||24–1||Charlie Harris||KO||3 (?)||17/02/1972||San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||23–1||James J. Woody||UD||10||29/09/1971||Coliseum, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||22–1||Chuck Haynes||KO||7 (10)||07/08/1971||Civic Auditorium, Santa Monica, California, United States|
|Win||21–1||Vic Brown||KO||5 (10)||12/06/1971||Civic Auditorium, Santa Monica, California, United States|
|Win||20–1||Steve Carter||TKO||3 (10)||12/06/1971||Valley Music Theatre, Woodland Hills, California, United States|
|Win||19–1||Roby Harris||KO||2 (?)||16/10/1970||Coliseum, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||18–1||Chuck Leslie||UD||10||26/09/1970||Valley Music Theatre, Woodland Hills, California, United States|
|Win||17–1||Roy Wallace||KO||4 (?)||29/08/1970||Coliseum, San Diego, California, United States|
|Loss||16–1||Jose Luis Garcia||KO||8 (10)||02/07/1970||Olympic Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, United States||Norton knocked down in 1st and 8th rounds.|
|Win||16–0||Ray Junior Ellis||KO||2 (?)||08/05/1970||San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||15–0||Bob Mashburn||KO||4 (10)||07/04/1970||Arena, Cleveland, Ohio, United States|
|Win||14–0||Stamford Harris||TKO||3 (10)||13/03/1970||Coliseum, Arena, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||13–0||Aaron Eastling||KO||2 (10)||04/02/1970||Coliseum, Silver Slipper, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States|
|Win||12–0||Julius Garcia||KO||3 (10)||21/10/1969||San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||11–0||Gary Bates||KO||8 (10)||25/07/1969||San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||10–0||Bill McMurray||TKO||7 (10)||25/07/1969||Olympic Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, United States||A cut over McMurray's left eye, ended the bout.|
|Win||9–0||Pedro Sanchez||TKO||2 (10)||31/03/1969||Sports Arena, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||8–0||Wayne Kindred||TKO||9 (10)||20/02/1969||Olympic Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, United States|
|Win||7–0||Joe Hemphill||TKO||3 (10)||11/02/1969||Valley Music Theatre, Woodland Hills, California, United States|
|Win||6–0||Cornell Nolan||KO||6 (10)||08/12/1968||Olympic Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, United States|
|Win||5–0||Wayne Kindred||TKO||6 (10)||23/07/1968||Circle Arts Theater, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||4–0||Jimmy Gilmore||KO||7 (8)||26/03/1968||Community Concourse, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||3–0||Harold Dutra||KO||3 (6)||06/02/1968||Memorial Auditorium, Sacramento, California, United States||Norton knocked down in the 2nd round.|
|Win||2–0||Sam Wyatt||PTS||6||16/01/1968||Community Concourse, San Diego, California, United States|
|Win||1–0||Grady Brazell||KO||5 (6)||14/11/1967||Community Concourse, San Diego, California, United States|
- KO - knock-out
- PTS - decision on points
- RTD -
- SD - split decision
- TKO - technical knock-out
- UD - unanimous decision
- Rocky The Movie: The Kenny Norton Story or the Real Apollo Creed? by Joseph de Beauchamp
- About Ken Norton, Homepage
- MCCS Marine Corps Sports Hall of Fame article about Ken Norton
- Best Late Bloomers in Sports, Eric Newman, Bleacher Report, April 25, 2013
- Hypnotist Aided Norton - Confidence Key To Upset Of Ali, AP, April 2, 1973
-  Positive attitude key to Norton's boxing, AP, March 27, 1975
- The Jim Murray Column, 1973 Los Angeles Times
- Ken Norton: The Man Who Shut Up Ali | The History Rat, by R.T. Johnson, March 16, 2012
- Norton, Ken; et al. (2000). Going the Distance, p. 60, Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing. ISBN 1-58261-225-0
- The Southeast Missourian - March 12, 1976
- The Ring Magazine [page 43], September 1976
- Maffei, John (July 6, 2013). "Sports site No. 3: San Diego Sports Arena". U-T San Diego (San Diego, CA: MLIM Holdings). Retrieved July 8, 2013.
-  Metta Chronicles | Today in Sports History | Elvis and Ali
- Spinks Snub Miffs Norton, 1978 AP
- No. 1 Contender - Norton only boxer behaving like a champion, 1978 N.Y. Times News Service
- Marine Corps Community Services: Marine Corps Sports Hall of Fame's article about Ken Norton
- Norton-Young Bout May Be for the Title, The Milwaukee Journal, Nov. 5, 1977
- "The judges' cards for Holmes vs. Norton". boxrec.com. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
- Associated Press, June 10, 1978
- A Lesson in Manliness From the Ex-Marine: Ken Norton, The Art of Manliness, November 12, 2012
- Ring magazine & Press
- Data Boxing, Dr. Julian Compton, Boxing Historian
- UPI Newspaper Article, LeDoux, Norton draw, August 20, 1979
- Norton, Ken; et al. (2000). Going the Distance, p. 164, Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing. ISBN 1-58261-225-0.
- Ken Norton: Now He's Fighting For Children, Will Grimsley, Special AP Correspondent, Nov. 10, 1979
- The 100 Greatest Punchers of All Time!
- World Boxing Hall of Fame Inductees
- International Boxing Hall of Fame article about Ken Norton
- Norton Has Philosophy Of Success, AP, July 28, 1973
- Believe: Journey From Jacksonville, Norton, Ken; Hennessey, Donald, Jr. & Amodeo, John (2009). 1st World Publishing, Fairfield, IA ISBN 978-1-4218-9119-4
- California Sports Hall of Fame
- Ken Norton Is Now Fighting Back: Former Champ Is Learning to Talk Again After 1986 Car Accident, 1987 Los Angeles Times
- Ken Norton Jr. helps father overcome crippling injuries, Phil Rosenthal, Daily News Los Angeles, October 4, 1986
- Believe: Journey From Jacksonville, Norton, Ken; Hennessey, Donald, Jr. & Amodeo, John (2009). 1st World Publishing, Fairfield, IA ISBN 978-1-4218-9119-4.
- Ken Norton: Two-Time Father of the Year, The Art of Manliness, June 17,2012
- Believe: Journey From Jacksonville, Norton, Ken; Hennessey, Donald, Jr. & Amodeo, John (2009). 1st World Publishing, Fairfield, IA ISBN 978-1-4218-9119-4.
- KPRC Houston Sports News Story
- Kenneth Howard Norton Sr. Obituary by Jacksonville-Courier, Jacksonville, IL, September 24, 2012
- "Ken Norton, heavyweight boxing legend, dies at 70". BBC. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- Dirs, Ben (19 September 2013). "Ken Norton was a colossal figure in heavyweight boxing's greatest era". BBC. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- Norton, Ken; et al. (2000). Going the Distance. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing. ISBN 1-58261-225-0.
- Norton, Ken; Hennessey, Donald, Jr. & Amodeo, John (2009). Believe: Journey From Jacksonville. Fairfield, IA: 1st World Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4218-9119-4.
- Official Website
- Professional boxing record for Ken Norton from BoxRec
- Ken Norton's Biography at BoxRec Boxing Encyclopedia
- Ken Norton Gallery from BoxRec Boxing Encyclopedia
- International Boxing Hall of Fame's page about Ken Norton
- Marine Corps Community Services: Marine Corps Sports Hall of Fame's article about Ken Norton
- San Diego Hall of Champions' page about Ken Norton
- World Boxing Hall of Fame
- Ken Norton at the Internet Movie Database
- Ken Norton's page at Fanbase
- California Sports Hall of Fame's page about Ken Norton
- Editorial: Norton was a positive role model
|Awards and achievements|
|WBC Heavyweight Champion
U.S. Olympic Boxing Gold Medalists -
Sugar Ray Leonard,
Leo Randolph, Howard Davis, Jr.,
Leon Spinks and Michael Spinks
|BWAA Fighter of the Year