Ken Robinson (educationalist)
|Sir Kenneth Robinson|
March 4, 1950 |
Liverpool, United Kingdom
|Occupation||Author, Speaker, Advisor on Education, Creativity and Innovation|
Sir Kenneth Robinson (born 4 March 1950) is an English author, speaker, and international advisor on education in the arts to government, non-profits, education, and arts bodies. He was Director of The Arts in Schools Project (1985–89), Professor of Arts Education at the University of Warwick (1989–2001), and was knighted in 2003 for services to education.
Originally from a working-class Liverpool family, Robinson now lives in Los Angeles with his wife Marie-Therese and children James and Kate.
Early life and education
Born in Liverpool to James and Ethel Robinson, Robinson is one of seven children from a working-class background. After an industrial accident, his father became quadriplegic. Robinson contracted polio at age four. He attended Margaret Beavan Special School due to the physical effects of polio then Liverpool Collegiate School (1961–1963), Wade Deacon Grammar School, Cheshire (1963–1968). He then studied English and drama (B.Ed.) at Bretton Hall College of Education, University of Leeds (1968–1972) and completed a PhD in 1981 at the University of London, researching drama and theatre in education.
From 1985 to 1988, Robinson was Director of The Arts in Schools Project, an initiative to develop the arts education throughout England and Wales. The project worked with over 2,000 teachers, artists, and administrators in a network of over 300 initiatives and influenced the formulation of the National Curriculum in England. During this period, Robinson chaired Artswork, the UK’s national youth arts development agency, and worked as advisor to Hong Kong’s Academy for Performing Arts.
For twelve years, he was professor of education at the University of Warwick, and is now professor emeritus. He has received honorary degrees from the Rhode Island School of Design, Ringling College of Arts and Design, the Open University and the Central School of Speech and Drama, Birmingham City University and the Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts. He has been honored with the Athena Award of the Rhode Island School of Design for services to the arts and education; the Peabody Medal for contributions to the arts and culture in the United States, the LEGO Prize for international achievement in education, and the Benjamin Franklin Medal of the Royal Society of Arts for outstanding contributions to cultural relations between the United Kingdom and the United States. In 2005, he was named as one of Time/Fortune/CNN’s “Principal Voices”. In 2003, he was made Knight Bachelor by Queen Elizabeth II for his services to the arts. He speaks to audiences throughout the world on the creative challenges facing business and education in the new global economies.
In 1998, he led a UK commission on creativity, education, and the economy and his report, All Our Futures: Creativity, Culture, and Education was influential. The Times said of it: “This report raises some of the most important issues facing business in the 21st century. It should have every CEO and human resources director thumping the table and demanding action”. Robinson is credited with creating a strategy for creative and economic development as part of the Peace Process in Northern Ireland, publishing Unlocking Creativity, a plan implemented across the region, and mentored the Oklahoma Creativity Project. In 1998, he chaired the National Advisory Committee on Creative and Cultural Education.
In 2001, Robinson was appointed Senior Advisor for Education & Creativity at the Getty Museum in Los Angeles, which lasted at least until 2005.
A popular speaker at TED conferences, Robinson has given three presentations on the role of creativity in education, viewed via the TED website over 20 million times (2014). Robinson’s presentation Ken Robinson says schools kill creativity is the most watched TED talk of all time (2014). In Apr 2013, he gave a talk titled “How to escape education’s death valley”, in which he outlines 3 principles crucial for the human mind to flourish -- and how current education culture works against them. In 2005, Robinson was named as one of Principal Voices (A Time Magazine, Fortune, CNN joint initiative). In 2010, the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures & Commerce animated one of Robinson’s speeches about changing “education paradigms”. The video was viewed nearly half a million times in its first week on YouTube and as of December 2013 has been viewed more than 20 million times.
Ideas on education
Robinson has suggested that to engage and succeed, education has to develop on three fronts. First, that it should foster diversity by offering a broad curriculum and encourage individualization of the learning process; Secondly, it should foster curiosity through creative teaching, which depends on high quality teacher training and development; And finally, it should focus on awakening creativity through alternative didactic processes that puts less emphasis on standardized testing thereby giving the responsibility for defining the course of education to individual schools and teachers. He believes that much of the present education system in the United States fosters conformity, compliance, and standardization rather than creative approaches to learning. Robinson emphasizes that we can only succeed if we recognize that education is an organic system, not a mechanical one. Successful school administration is a matter of fostering a helpful climate rather than “command and control”.
Learning Through Drama: Report of The Schools Council Drama Teaching (1977) was the result of a three-year national development project for the UK Schools Council. Robinson was principal author of The Arts in Schools: Principles, Practice, and Provision (1982), now a key text on arts and education internationally. He edited The Arts and Higher Education, (1984), co-wrote The Arts in Further Education (1986), Arts Education in Europe, and Facing the Future: The Arts and Education in Hong Kong,.
Robinson’s 2001 book, Out of Our Minds: Learning to be Creative (Wiley-Capstone), was described by Director magazine as “a truly mind-opening analysis of why we don’t get the best out of people at a time of punishing change.” John Cleese said of it: ‘Ken Robinson writes brilliantly about the different ways in which creativity is undervalued and ignored in Western culture and especially in our educational systems.’
The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything, was published in January 2009 by Penguin. The element refers to the experience of personal talent meeting personal passion. He argues that in this encounter, we feel most ourselves, most inspired, and achieve to our highest level. The book draws on the stories of creative artists such as Paul McCartney, ‘Simpsons’ creator Matt Groening, Meg Ryan, and physicist Richard Feynman to investigate this paradigm of success.
- 1977 Learning Through Drama: Report of The Schools Council Drama Teaching Project with Lynn McGregor and Maggie Tate. UCL. Heinemann. ISBN 0435185659
- 1980 Exploring Theatre and Education Heinmann ISBN 0435187813
- 1982 The Arts in Schools: Principles, Practice, and Provision,. Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. ISBN 0903319233
- 1984 The Arts and Higher Education. (editor with Christopher Ball). Gulbenkian and the Leverhulme Trust ISBN 0900868899
- 1986 The Arts in Further Education. Department of Education and Science.
- 1998 Facing the Future: The Arts and Education in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Arts Development Council ASIN B002MXG93U
- 1998 All Our Futures: Creativity, Culture, and Education (The Robinson Report)
- 2001 Out of Our Minds: Learning to Be Creative. Capstone. ISBN 1907312471
- 2009 The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything (with Lou Aronica). Viking. ISBN 978-0670020478
- 2013 Finding Your Element: How To Discover Your Talents and Passions and Transform Your Life (with Lou Aronica). Viking. ISBN 9780670022380
- 2004 Companionship of Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts
- 2008 Governor’s Award for the Arts in Pennsylvania
- 2008 Gheens Foundation Creativity and Entrepreneurship Award
- 2008 George Peabody Medal
- 2008 Benjamin Franklin Medal from the Royal Society of Arts
- 2008 Honorary Degree of Doctor from the University of Central England
- 2009 Honorary Degree of Doctor from the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD)
- Principal Voices Biog
- Oklahoma Creativity Project
- TED Profile
- YouTube TED talk Do Schools Kill Creativity?
- "Sir Ken Robinson: Bring on the learning revolution!", TED.
- "Ken Robinson: How to escape education's death valley"
- "How to escape education's death valley", TED talk, April 2013
- Sir Ken Robinson: Website and blog
- All Our Futures. 1998 Report.
- Robinson awards Benjamin Franklin Medal
- Ken Robinson on Twitter
- Bring on the Learning Revolution!TED Conference Talk, 2010
- How schools kill creativity -- The case for an education system that nurtures creativity: TED Conference talk, Monterey, California, 2006
- In-depth interview on creativity
- Sir Ken Robinson interviewed on Conversations from Penn State
- IMNO Open Source Mentoring interview with Robinson
- Liverpool pupils interview Robinson, 2008
- London students interview Robinson, London International Music Show, 2008
- Podcast interview with DK from MediaSnackers, 2007
- “Changing (Education) Paradigms” by Sir Ken Robinson - video adapted by the Royal Society of Arts
- RSA Animate - Changing Education Paradigm
- How to Escape Education’s Death Valley, TED Talk, April 2013