Ken Watkin

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Brigadier General
Kenneth "Ken" Watkin
OMM, CD, QC
Born November 3, 1954
Kingston, Ontario, Canada[1]
Residence Ottawa, Canada[2]
Nationality Canadian
Alma mater
Known for Former Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Forces
Notable work
Predecessor Maj.-Gen. Jerry Pitzul
Successor Brig.-Gen. B. Blaise Cathcart
Spouse(s) Maureen[1]
Children three daughters[1]

Brigadier General Kenneth "Ken" Watkin, OMM, CD, QC (born 1954) was Judge Advocate General (JAG) of the Canadian Forces from 2006 to 2010.[1] He is an expert on military law.[2][3]

He was promoted to Brigadier General and appointed JAG effective April 2006, for a four-year term.[4]

In June 2010, the Israeli government appointed Watkin to be one of two international observers serving on an Israeli commission of inquiry looking into the events surrounding an Israeli raid on the Mavi Marmara.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Watkin was born in Kingston, Ontario, a non-identical triplet, along with a brother (Kerry) and sister (Kathy); he also has an older brother (Robert).[6] He and his siblings attended Loyalist Collegiate.[6]

Watkin is a graduate of the Royal Military College of Canada (B.A., 1976) and Queen's University Law School in Kingston, Ontario, where he received Bachelor of Laws and Master of Laws degrees. From 2002 to 2003, Watkin was a Visiting Fellow at the Human Rights Program of Harvard Law School.[7]

Career[edit]

Skulls of victims of Rwandan Genocide

Pre-JAG[edit]

Ken Watkin started his career as an infantry officer in the Royal Canadian Regiment. His first tour of duty after graduating from The Royal Military College was with the Royal Canadian Regiment battalion in Gagetown New Brunswick.

Watkin served as a Canadian Forces legal officer, starting in 1982, for 24 years prior to his appointment to JAG. He was trial counsel at courts-martial and appellate counsel before the Canadian Court Martial Appeal Court.[1][4] He worked as legal counsel on several investigations into the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, and counselled Canadian naval commanders in Bosnia and during a fisheries dispute with Spain.[1][4] He has written papers on the topics of human rights, international humanitarian law, and military operational law.[4]

Somalia shooting inquiry[edit]

In the summer of 1994 when he was a Lieutenant-Colonel he wrote a legal review in which he questioned the conclusions of an investigation by Canadian Airborne Regiment Battle Group Col. Serge Labbe of an incident later known as the Somalia Affair, where two Somalis were shot while fleeing from the Canadian compound in Belet Huen on March 4, 1993. One of the men died.[8] He also questioned Labbe's "openness in reporting to higher headquarters."[8] Watkin's paper, which concluded that the Canadian military had attempted a cover-up, was considered during the inquiry into the events of that day.[8] Watkin testified that he was disturbed by comments made by Lt.-Col. Carol Mathieu, who was charged with negligent performance of duty for allegedly ordering soldiers to fire on looters. Watkin had been asked to brief the soldiers on the rules of war. He testified that Mathieu said, "All that doesn't matter, you just throw down some loose rounds".[3]

Afghan detainee issue[edit]

General Rick Hillier

In the Canadian Afghan detainee issue, Watkin as Judge Advocate General wrote a May 2007 memo to Chief of Defence Staff Gen. Rick Hillier and Lt.-Gen. Michel Gauthier telling them that it would be a crime to fail to investigate allegations of prisoner abuse.[9] He advised the Canadian Forces command that they could be "criminally negligent" if they were to transfer detainees to a risk of torture in Afghan hands. Watkin declined to answer questions on the basis of solicitor-client privilege when called to testify in Canada's House of Commons, saying that the privilege owed to the Government of Canada prevented him answering a number of the House's questions.[9][10] Craig Scott, an Osgoode Hall Law School professor of international human rights law, said: "If there's this paper trail of good legal advice going against what the government is doing, it's even more likely (the federal government violated its obligations under international law)."[9]

Turkel Commission of Inquiry[edit]

Routes of Gaza-bound flotilla (green) and Israeli Navy (orange)
For more details on this topic, see Legal assessments of the Gaza flotilla raid.

On June 14, 2010, he was appointed as an observer to the Israeli special independent public Turkel Commission of Inquiry into the Gaza flotilla raid.[11][12]

The Commission investigated whether Israel's actions in preventing the arrival of ships in Gaza were in accordance with international law.[12] Its focus was, among other things, on the security considerations for imposing a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip and the conformity of the naval blockade with the rules of international law; the conformity of the actions during the raid to principles of international law; and the actions taken by those who organized and participated in the flotilla, and their identities.[12]

On the Commission were former Israeli Supreme Court Justice, Jacob Turkel, and former Technion University President, Amos Horev, as well as two other members added in July 2010. (Shabtai Rosenne, Bar Ilan University Professor of International Law, also served on the Commission from its establishment until his death on 21 September 2010.[13]) In addition, the Commission had two foreign observers, Watkin and former First Minister of Northern Ireland, David Trimble, who took part in hearings and discussions, but did not vote on the final conclusions.[14][15]

Awards[edit]

Select works[edit]

Books[edit]

Articles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Brigadier-General Ken Watkin, OMM, CD, QC | National Defence and the Canadian Forces". Forces.gc.ca. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Singer, Zev (June 14, 2010). "Israel appoints Ottawan to Gaza flotilla inquiry". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved June 28, 2010. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Rules of war joked about, inquiry told". The Toronto Star. June 4, 1994. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Appointment of New Judge Advocate General for the Canadian Forces". Marketwire.com. April 10, 2006. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  5. ^ Barak Ravid, Haaretz, PMO officially announces internal Gaza flotilla raid probe panel, 14 June 2010 (accessed online).
  6. ^ a b "Kingston man asked to join inquiry". The Whig Standard. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Biography of Brigadier-General Ken Watkin". Government of Canada Department of National Defence. March 12, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c "Commander may have tried coverup: memo". The Toronto Star. February 7, 1997. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c "Military told to heed abuse claims". The Toronto Star. February 25, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Detainee affair won't go away". The Toronto Star. February 26, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  11. ^ Zrahiya, Zvi (June 17, 2010). "Israeli members of flotilla inquiry panel meet for first time". Haaretz. Retrieved June 17, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c "Cabinet asked to approve independent public commission". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. June 13, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010. 
  13. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/turkel-committee-member-shabtai-rosenne-dies-at-93-1.315062
  14. ^ "Gaza flotilla inquiry panel members", BBC
  15. ^ "Who's who on Israel's committee on the Gaza flotilla raid", Haaretz, June 10, 2010
  16. ^ Larry May (2007). War Crimes and Just War. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-87114-X. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Maj.-Gen. Jerry Pitzul
Judge Advocate General
2006–10
Succeeded by
Brig.-Gen. B. Blaise Cathcart