Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska
|Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska|
Location in the state of Alaska
Alaska's location in the U.S.
|Incorporated||January 1, 1964|
|• Total||16,013 sq mi (41,473 km2)|
|• Water||8,741 sq mi (22,639 km2), 35.31%|
|• Density||3/sq mi (1/km²)|
|Time zone||Alaska: UTC-9/-8|
Kenai Peninsula Borough is a borough of the U.S. state of Alaska with a population of 55,400 as of the 2010 census. The borough seat is Soldotna, its third-largest incorporated community. Its two largest cities are Kenai and Homer. The borough includes the Kenai Peninsula and adjacent areas of the mainland of Alaska.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Ecology
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government and infrastructure
- 5 Communities
- 6 Former Census Designated places
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The borough has a total area of 24,800 square miles (64,231.7 km2), of which 16,000 square miles (41,439.8 km2) is land and 8,700 square miles (22,532.9 km2) is water. The total area is 35% water.
Adjacent boroughs and census areas
- Bethel Census Area, Alaska - northwest
- Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska - north
- Municipality of Anchorage, Alaska - north
- Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska - east
- Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska - west
- Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska - south
||Bethel Census Area||Matanuska-Susitna Borough and Municipality of Anchorage, Alaska|
|Lake and Peninsula Borough||Valdez-Cordova Census Area|
|Kodiak Island Borough|
National protected areas
- Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge (part of Gulf of Alaska unit)
- Chugach National Forest (part)
- Katmai National Park and Preserve (part)
- Katmai Wilderness (part)
- Kenai Fjords National Park
- Kenai National Wildlife Refuge
- Lake Clark National Park and Preserve (part)
- Lake Clark Wilderness (part)
Bear Lake, and the Trail Lakes, have been the site of salmon enhancement activities. Both sites are managed by the Cook Inlet Aquaculture Association Some of the fish hatched at these facilities are released into the famous Homer fishing hole. Cook Inlet Keeper and the Cook Inlet Regional Citizen's Advisory Council are groups that attempt to influence public policy on the use of the areas resources.
As of the census of 2000, there were 49,700 people, 18,400 households, and 12,700 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1/km² (3/sq mi). There were 24,900 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 86% white, 7% Native American, 2% Hispanic or Latino (any race), and 4% from two or more races. Black or African Americans, Asians, and Pacific Islanders each were less than 1% of the population. Just under 1% were from other races combined. 1.92% reported speaking Russian at home, while 1.74% speak Spanish.
There were 18,400 households out of which 38% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55% were married couples living together, 9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.2.
In the borough the population was spread out with 30% under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 26% from 45 to 64, and 7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 109 males; for every 100 females age 18 and over there were 110 males.
Government and infrastructure
There is a Borough-wide government based in Soldotna, consisting of a strong mayor and an assembly of representatives from all areas of the Borough. They collect sales and property taxes and provide services such as road maintenance, waste collection facilities, emergency services and major funding for public schools, along with mitigation of damage from spruce bark beetles that infested the Borough in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Incorporated towns also have their own local governments and city councils. The Alaska Department of Corrections operates the Spring Creek Correctional Center near Seward  and the Wildwood Correctional Complex near Kenai.
Cities and towns
Former Census Designated places
- Millers Landing Now Part of Both Homer and Kachemak
- Kenai Peninsula Borough 2006 Arctic Winter Games
- Kalgin Island
- List of airports in the Kenai Peninsula Borough
- "Kenai Peninsula Borough, Resolution No. 1: Legal Status - Borough and Borough School District" (PDF). Kenai Peninsula Borough. 4 Jan 1964. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 8.
- "Project Bear Lake". Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "Kenai Peninsula Borough Government official site". Borough.kenai.ak.us. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "City of Seward 2020 Comprehensive Plan Volume II." City of Seward. 94/97. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
- "Spring Creek Correctional Center." Alaska Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska.|
- Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska on the Open Directory Project
- Borough map, 2000 census: Alaska Department of Labor
- Borough map, 2010 census: Alaska Department of Labor